A LecherousKing, Witches, Science and Capitalism
Anglican Church• King Henry VIII wants a divorce• Pope says no• Henry says “I’ll make my own church.” And does.• A fun video about Henry…http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=- fadCAHjN-s
Witches!• People need a • Ah, Monty Python. scapegoat in bad times Where would I be – Church needs a without you? distracter • http://www.youtube.co• 110,000 tried, 60,000 m/watch?v=zrzMhU_4 killed m-g – 95% women: poor, old, single or widowed• Spreads to New England…
Science!• Ptolemy said the Earth • Copernicus says…No was the center of the • Sun is at the center universe • Earth and others• Surrounded by 8 revolve around sun hollow, concentric • Church not so happy spheres with him… – 1-7 have the observable planets – #8 has stars – 9 is empty – Beyond is Heaven and Hell
The Scientific Revolution will not be televised• Analytic thinking comes into vogue – Johannes Kepler and Galileo • Orbits are elliptical (JK) • Telescope shows moons around Jupiter, spots on the sun and mountains on the moon (G) – Galileo is excommunicated – Issac Newton • Mathematical Principals of Natural Philosophy • The universe has laws that are measurable and calculable…
One last thing about religion• Deism shows up—• Fairly simple: There is a God (only one) – But Christianity is too supernatural for a rational thinker to accept. – God set the universe in motion (like assembling and winding a watch) and then takes no personal interest in earthly matters. – He doesn’t need to, as the universe functions according to natural laws that make sense.
And Capitalism leads to:• Banking! – people need a place to keep money safely – Businesses need money – So the “banking bargain” is struck and banks flourish• Joint-Stock Companies/corporations – As a way to raise revenue, spread out risk• Insurance companies form – Loss mitigation for corporations
Government makes it possible• English and Dutch states – Recognize individual rights to own private property – Enforce legal contracts – Arbitrate business disputes – Sponsor/buy into corporations that bring benefits back to the home country – Protect claims made abroad by home country businesses