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Although we know the importance of integrating technology, there are issues that make technology integration challenging in both math and science.

The primary resource and guide for all mathematics education is NCTM (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

6 crucial principles related to all school mathematics programs that enhance student learning: equity, curriculum, teaching, learning, assessment, and technology

There are a total of 10 standards for Pre-K through 12th grade: 5 content standards (numbers and operations, algebra/geometry, measurement, data analysis, probability) and 5 process standards (problem solving, reasoning and proof, communication, connections, representations)

These principles and standards guide how to prepare students with the mathematical knowledge for a highly technological society & workplace

Implementing the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics

The previous mentioned standards call for teachers to change their teaching styles

Technology makes learning more student-centered

Technology allows for more visualization and makes the abstract more concrete

3 Implications for the Selection & Use of Technology in Math Education

Appropriate combination of on & off computer activities

Math tool not a pedagogical tool

Tool for developing student thinking

Accomplish these goals by using computer software and apps that engage students in meaningful problems & projects for long periods of time; must have coherence.

Math Wars: Directed vs. Constructivist Teaching Strategies

Constructivist teaching is student-centered teaching (group work, hands-on projects, discussions)

Technologies available to support either method but approach by the teacher determines the integration strategies

On-going debate between the two methods of instruction

Representation of Mathematical Principles visual depiction of abstract math concepts (graphing calculators)

Mathematical Problem Solving gather data to use; apply math to real-life situations (Geometer’s Sketchpad)

Data-Driven Curricula use statistics to support investigations (U.S. Census website, Microsoft Excel spreadsheets)

Math Related Communication social interactions; content math experts; sites for extra help (Ask Dr. Math)

Skill Building and Practice guided instruction; motivates practice (tutor.com, www.homeworkla.org)

National research Council (NRC) published the National Science Educational Standards (NSES) in 1996.

These are the guidelines for assessing student learning in science; teaching strategies, teacher PD, support for high-quality science education

Promote inquiry-oriented science instriction; which is where technology can play an important and integral role

Students can use innovative technology tools and resources such as search engines, databases, model building software, & handheld technologies as data collection tools to engage in real-world investigations and communicate their findings

Narrowing Pipeline of Scientific Talent

STEM Intiatives to provide long-term economic & national security

Need for Scientific Literacy

Scientifically literate to make informed decisions that affect our country’s future

Difficulties in Teaching K-8

Difficulty tecahing science at early levels due to teacher’s lack of deep understanding

Soulution Provide on-line PD opportunities

Objections to Virtual Science Labs

Doing science (hand-on) rather than hearing about it

Virtual schools computer simulations

Solution provide school lab experiences

Active scientific investigations improves students attitudes and understanding of scientific concepts

Gives students experience with the scientific approach (asking questions, researchable hypotheses, collecting and analyzing data, communicating results)

Scientific Inquiry Support

Teachers do not allows have time to commit to long-term projects that encompass the entire scientific process.

However, various technologies can provide support for specific elements of the scientific inquiry process.

Support Science Skills and Concepts Learning

On-line science lessons and games can provide motivational ways to supplement hands-on instruction

Engineering Through Robotics

Robotics allows for technology and engineering to be taught through science classes

NASA is an excellent resource for lessons and competitions.

Accessing Science Information and Tools

The Internet is an unlimited source of data for classroom experiments and investigations, camps and competitions, and up-to-date science infprmation.

Math and science content constantly changes and teachers must constantly keep current on these changes.

Crucial for early education teachers to become content experts in math and science.

Pedagogical Knowledge

Teachers are challenged to find the most effective, engaging, and motivational way to teach math and science while raising achievement.

Online pedagogy is the most challenging and research is still being conducted on teaching practices for virtual environments.

Schools are challenged by providing authentic learning experiences and preparing students for high-stakes testing.

Technology Knowledge

Teachers must become masters of the technology tools for science and math.

They must become experts of virtual manipulatives, graphing calculators, spreadsheets, etc.

Must learn how to use distance education tools also to stay updated on their content and pedagogy.

- 1. Teaching and Learning with Technology in Mathematics and Science Instruction Presenter: Tonette Washington EDLD 590
- 2. Presentation Outcomes: • Recognize the implications for technology integration of each current issue faced by mathematics teacher. • Create key strategies for integrating technology into mathematics curricula. • Recognize the implications for technology integration of each current issue faced by science teacher. • Create key strategies for integrating technology into mathematics curricula. • Analyze given scenarios to identify examples of Tech-PACK needs and challenges that are specific to mathematics and science teachers.
- 3. Sharing & Engagement Activity Each individual needs to think of at least one strategy that he/she uses or would use to incorporate technology into science and math instruction.
- 4. Issues and Problems in Mathematics Instruction 1)Accountability for Standards 2)Implementing the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics 3)Math Wars: Directed vs. Constructivist Teaching Strategies
- 5. Technology Integration Strategies for Mathematics Instruction • • • • • • Bridge the Gap between Abstract and Concrete Representation of Mathematical Principles Mathematical Problem Solving Data-Driven Curricula Math Related Communication Skill Building and Practice
- 6. Issues and Problems in Science Instruction 1)Accountability for Standards 2)Narrowing Pipeline of Scientific Talent 3)Need for Scientific Literacy 4)Difficulties in Teaching K-8 5)Objections to Virtual Science Labs
- 7. • • • • • Technology Integration Strategies for Science Instruction Authentic Online Projects Scientific Inquiry Support Support Science Skills and Concepts Learning Engineering Through Robotics Accessing Science Information and Tools
- 8. Tech-PACK Needs and Challenges in Mathematics and Science Instruction Teachers must be equipped with a combination of: – Science and Mathematics Knowledge – Pedagogical Knowledge – Technology Knowledge
- 9. Top 5 Mathematics Strategies • • • • • Graphing Calculators Interactive Geometry Software Spreadsheets for Data Virtual Manipulatives Computer Algebra Systems (CAS)
- 10. Top 5 Science Strategies • • • • • Online Programs for Scientific Inquiry Computer-based and Online Simulations Calculator-based Labs GPS and GIS tools Robotics Contests
- 11. Discussion and Reflection • How can technology integration be used in explicit and teacher-directed instruction? • How can technology integration be used in constructivist instruction? • Are there ways to combine both methods of instruction and integrate technology?
- 12. References Doering, A. H. and Roblyer, M. D. (2013). Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Google Images

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