SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 31
Download to read offline
Populism as Politics of
Personal Experience
THE CASE OF SUVIVIRSI
TuukkaYlä-Anttila
1 FINLAND
2 THEORY
3APPLICATION
SUVIVIRSI
“The precious summertime is now here and beautiful
flowers bloom everywhere. The warm sun gives its
blessings, awakening nature to life.
The meadows are again green, the fields filled with
plentiful crops, and the forests with leaves. Every year
this reminds us of your mercy and miracles, God.
Like the birds singing beautiful songs, wouldn’t we,
God’s people, thank our Creator. My soul, join this
choir and thank our Lord of His Mercy.”
STATE & CHURCH
76.3 % of Finns are members of the
Lutheran Church (90.3 % in 1990!)
Freedom of religion but Lutheran Church
gets special treatment, incl. tax funds
Basically a state church
APATHY
“Parties have drifted further and further away from
ordinary people’s issues”
“I have no say whatsoever over what the
government or parliament decides”
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
Finland Norway Denmark
Populist voters
Other voters
“Sometimes politics and government seem so
complicated that a person like me cannot really
understand what is going on” (ESS 2008)
TURNOUT %
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
1962 1966 1970 1972 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007
PRACTICES
“efficiency, rationality and expertise
were emphasized [...] disputes were often
handled as neutral technical facts”
(Luhtakallio & Ylä-Anttila 2011)
PARTICIPATION
If politics is merely about experts
choosing the most rational/effective
option, why should citizens participate?
Example: Citizens’ initiative
“Is the purpose here to create
some sort of fast lane for
legislation? … It is a peculiar
situation if already congested
ministries have to spend
their time dealing with
citizens’ initiatives, that
might, moreover, be in
conflict with the government
platform.”
(Anne Holmlund, chair of the Legal
Affairs Committee of the Finnish
Parliament) (AL 21 March 2013)
“People have too
much time on their
hands. Of course
people are allowed to
discuss what they
want, but it’s just so
time-consuming.”
(Jari Koskinen, Minister of Agriculture
and Forestry) (HS 8 April 2013)
CONSENSUS
Soviet Union
“Finlandization”
Kekkonen 1958–1982
Korpilampi 1977
STABILITY/PROTEST
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011
Conservatives
Soc. Dem.
Rural/Finns
Centre
Left
Greens
Swedish
Christian D.
Others
Seats in parliament, 1987–2011
THE (TRUE) FINNS PARTY
1 FINLAND
2 THEORY
3APPLICATION
POPULISM
“[A]n ideology that considers society to be
ultimately separated into two homogeneous and
antagonistic groups, ‘the pure people’ versus
‘the corrupt elite’, and which argues that
politics should be an expression of the volonté
generale (general will) of the people.”
(Mudde 2004)
LAURENT
THÉVENOT
public justification vs. familiarity
PUBLIC JUSTIFICATION
Efficiency (“industrial”)
Tradition (“domestic”)
Inspiration
Market
Civic
Fame
(Boltanski & Thévenot: On Justification, [1991] 2006)
FAMILIARITY
Habitual action
Feeling at ease
Predictability
Home
(Thévenot 2007, 2011a, 2011b, 2014)
PRACTICES
“efficiency, rationality and expertise
were emphasized [...] disputes were often
handled as neutral technical facts”
(Luhtakallio & Ylä-Anttila 2011)
1 FINLAND
2 THEORY
3APPLICATION
FINNISH POLITICS
=
Based on certain agreed principles?
=
public justification
DISTANCE
“to appear credible the citizens’ movement had
to distance themselves from particular
interests and frame their argument as public
justification for the common good”
(Lonkila 2011)
“[Suvivirsi] is an essential part of
Finnish cultural heritage.”
”You don’t have to sing the hymn if
you don’t want to, or you feel like it
doesn’t fit with your culture.”
“If Finns have to look at the religious
dress of muslims and subordination
of women under the pretense of
religion, we can sing suvivirsi once a
year without worries! IS THIS
QUESTION SOME SORT OF
JOKE???”
COMMONPLACE
Shared material and/or symbolic
artefact that can be used to build
commonality via familiarity and
personal closeness
(Thévenot 2007, 2011a, 2011b, 2014)
“Suvivirsi draws thoughts to summer even if
school days were a long time ago.”
“It fills hearts with emotion
when nature blooms.”
“I’m not particularly religious myself and still I
always wait for Suvivirsi to brings tears to eyes.”
“It still brings tears to my eyes when I sing it.
This I want to be continued and this feeling I hope
will be passed on to our children.”
SHARED
EXPERIENCE
Embedded in a particular time and place!
INCLUSION FOR
EXCLUSION?
Broadening the range of acceptable
politics but excluding immigrants
DISCUSSION
Understanding familiarity and justification...
...to understand lack of interest in politics
...to understand why populism gains popularity
...to understand the significance of the material for symbols
...to help debate between populists and establishment?
...to support progressive politics?
AL = Aamulehti 21 March 2013: Holmlund nihkeänä kansalaisaloitteesta: ”Onko tarkoitus luoda lainsäädännön
ohituskaista?” Online: http://www.aamulehti.fi/Kotimaa/1194802824885/artikkeli/holmlund+nihkeana
+kansalaisaloitteesta+onko+tarkoitus+luoda+lainsaadannon+ohituskaista+.html [Viewed 18.4.2013]
Boltanski, Luc & Thévenot, Laurent [1991] 2006: On Justification: Economies of Worth. Princeton University
Press.
HS 8 April 2013: Maatalousministeri torjuu kalastuskritiikin – ”Ihmisillä on liikaa aikaa”. Online: http://www.hs.fi/
kotimaa/Maatalousministeri+torjuu+kalastuskritiikin++Ihmisill%C3%A4+on+liikaa+aikaa/a1365386092083
[Viewed 18.4.2013]
Lonkila, Markku 2011: Yhteisyyden kieliopit helsinkiläisessä ja pietarilaisessa kaupunkiaktivismissa. Sosiologia
48(1), 22–33.
Luhtakallio, Eeva & Ylä-Anttila, Tuomas 2011: Julkisen oikeuttamisen analyysi sosiologisena
tutkimusmenetelmänä. Sosiologia 48(1), 34–51.
Mudde, Cas 2004: The Populist Zeitgeist. Government and Opposition, 39(4), 541–563.
Thévenot, Laurent 2007: The Plurality of Cognitive Formats and Engagements: Moving Between the Familiar
and the Public. European Journal of Social Theory 10(3), 409–423.
Thévenot, Laurent 2011a: Power and oppression from the perspective of the sociology of engagements: a
comparison with Bourdieu’s and Dewey’s critical approaches to practical activities. Irish Journal of Sociology
19(1), 35–67.
Thévenot, Laurent 2011b: Oikeutettavuuden rajat. Yhteiselämää koossapitävät sidokset ja niiden väärinkäyttö.
Sosiologia 48(1), 7–21.
Thévenot, Laurent 2014: Voicing Concern and Difference. From Public Spaces to Common-Places. European
Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology 1(1), 7–34.

More Related Content

Similar to Populism as Politics of Personal Experience: The Case of Suvivirsi

UnitedPac Denounces Racial Attempt by SLP
UnitedPac Denounces Racial Attempt by SLPUnitedPac Denounces Racial Attempt by SLP
UnitedPac Denounces Racial Attempt by SLPunitedpacslu
 
Data belongs to everyone, professor of practice Pekka Sauri, University of He...
Data belongs to everyone, professor of practice Pekka Sauri, University of He...Data belongs to everyone, professor of practice Pekka Sauri, University of He...
Data belongs to everyone, professor of practice Pekka Sauri, University of He...Tilastokeskus
 
2 introduction to culture
2 introduction to culture2 introduction to culture
2 introduction to cultureMaria Hartinger
 
2 introduction to culture
2 introduction to culture2 introduction to culture
2 introduction to cultureMaria Hartinger
 
From theft to apology
From theft to apologyFrom theft to apology
From theft to apologyAlana Lentin
 
Familiarity as a Tool of Populism and the Case of Suvivirsi
Familiarity as a Tool of Populism and the Case of SuvivirsiFamiliarity as a Tool of Populism and the Case of Suvivirsi
Familiarity as a Tool of Populism and the Case of SuvivirsiTuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Philippine Politics and Governance 1
Philippine Politics and Governance 1Philippine Politics and Governance 1
Philippine Politics and Governance 1TeresaFrancineCarill
 
Stereotyping in the media
Stereotyping in the mediaStereotyping in the media
Stereotyping in the mediaKarenStaite
 
Right-Wing Populist Parties and the Politicization of Resentment
Right-Wing Populist Parties and the Politicization of ResentmentRight-Wing Populist Parties and the Politicization of Resentment
Right-Wing Populist Parties and the Politicization of ResentmentTuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Exploiting the Discursive Opportunity of the Euro Crisis: The Rise of The Fin...
Exploiting the Discursive Opportunity of the Euro Crisis: The Rise of The Fin...Exploiting the Discursive Opportunity of the Euro Crisis: The Rise of The Fin...
Exploiting the Discursive Opportunity of the Euro Crisis: The Rise of The Fin...Tuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Cultural Policy & Civil Society
Cultural Policy & Civil Society Cultural Policy & Civil Society
Cultural Policy & Civil Society Lorraine Kasi
 
Beyond Pattinson
Beyond PattinsonBeyond Pattinson
Beyond Pattinsonaurora70
 
history.PDF
history.PDFhistory.PDF
history.PDFJen W
 
The Adaptability of Populist Discourse: Greece and Finland in Comparison
The Adaptability of Populist Discourse: Greece and Finland in ComparisonThe Adaptability of Populist Discourse: Greece and Finland in Comparison
The Adaptability of Populist Discourse: Greece and Finland in ComparisonTuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Social Empathy and Newsboy
Social Empathy and NewsboySocial Empathy and Newsboy
Social Empathy and Newsboyrichienyhus
 
Melting Pot Approach
Melting Pot ApproachMelting Pot Approach
Melting Pot Approachjim
 
March 8Th Research Paper
March 8Th Research PaperMarch 8Th Research Paper
March 8Th Research PaperAshley Thomas
 
THE IRISH BORDER QUESTION: CAN THE UNION SURVIVE?
THE IRISH BORDER QUESTION: CAN THE UNION SURVIVE?THE IRISH BORDER QUESTION: CAN THE UNION SURVIVE?
THE IRISH BORDER QUESTION: CAN THE UNION SURVIVE?Slugger Consults
 
The Role Of The Media In Rise And Fall Of The Nation State
The Role Of The Media In Rise And Fall Of The Nation StateThe Role Of The Media In Rise And Fall Of The Nation State
The Role Of The Media In Rise And Fall Of The Nation StateAusten Uche Uwosomah
 
Role of media in national integration
Role of media in national integrationRole of media in national integration
Role of media in national integrationmohdsayeduzzaman
 

Similar to Populism as Politics of Personal Experience: The Case of Suvivirsi (20)

UnitedPac Denounces Racial Attempt by SLP
UnitedPac Denounces Racial Attempt by SLPUnitedPac Denounces Racial Attempt by SLP
UnitedPac Denounces Racial Attempt by SLP
 
Data belongs to everyone, professor of practice Pekka Sauri, University of He...
Data belongs to everyone, professor of practice Pekka Sauri, University of He...Data belongs to everyone, professor of practice Pekka Sauri, University of He...
Data belongs to everyone, professor of practice Pekka Sauri, University of He...
 
2 introduction to culture
2 introduction to culture2 introduction to culture
2 introduction to culture
 
2 introduction to culture
2 introduction to culture2 introduction to culture
2 introduction to culture
 
From theft to apology
From theft to apologyFrom theft to apology
From theft to apology
 
Familiarity as a Tool of Populism and the Case of Suvivirsi
Familiarity as a Tool of Populism and the Case of SuvivirsiFamiliarity as a Tool of Populism and the Case of Suvivirsi
Familiarity as a Tool of Populism and the Case of Suvivirsi
 
Philippine Politics and Governance 1
Philippine Politics and Governance 1Philippine Politics and Governance 1
Philippine Politics and Governance 1
 
Stereotyping in the media
Stereotyping in the mediaStereotyping in the media
Stereotyping in the media
 
Right-Wing Populist Parties and the Politicization of Resentment
Right-Wing Populist Parties and the Politicization of ResentmentRight-Wing Populist Parties and the Politicization of Resentment
Right-Wing Populist Parties and the Politicization of Resentment
 
Exploiting the Discursive Opportunity of the Euro Crisis: The Rise of The Fin...
Exploiting the Discursive Opportunity of the Euro Crisis: The Rise of The Fin...Exploiting the Discursive Opportunity of the Euro Crisis: The Rise of The Fin...
Exploiting the Discursive Opportunity of the Euro Crisis: The Rise of The Fin...
 
Cultural Policy & Civil Society
Cultural Policy & Civil Society Cultural Policy & Civil Society
Cultural Policy & Civil Society
 
Beyond Pattinson
Beyond PattinsonBeyond Pattinson
Beyond Pattinson
 
history.PDF
history.PDFhistory.PDF
history.PDF
 
The Adaptability of Populist Discourse: Greece and Finland in Comparison
The Adaptability of Populist Discourse: Greece and Finland in ComparisonThe Adaptability of Populist Discourse: Greece and Finland in Comparison
The Adaptability of Populist Discourse: Greece and Finland in Comparison
 
Social Empathy and Newsboy
Social Empathy and NewsboySocial Empathy and Newsboy
Social Empathy and Newsboy
 
Melting Pot Approach
Melting Pot ApproachMelting Pot Approach
Melting Pot Approach
 
March 8Th Research Paper
March 8Th Research PaperMarch 8Th Research Paper
March 8Th Research Paper
 
THE IRISH BORDER QUESTION: CAN THE UNION SURVIVE?
THE IRISH BORDER QUESTION: CAN THE UNION SURVIVE?THE IRISH BORDER QUESTION: CAN THE UNION SURVIVE?
THE IRISH BORDER QUESTION: CAN THE UNION SURVIVE?
 
The Role Of The Media In Rise And Fall Of The Nation State
The Role Of The Media In Rise And Fall Of The Nation StateThe Role Of The Media In Rise And Fall Of The Nation State
The Role Of The Media In Rise And Fall Of The Nation State
 
Role of media in national integration
Role of media in national integrationRole of media in national integration
Role of media in national integration
 

More from Tuukka Ylä-Anttila

Interpretation, measurement and mixed methods
Interpretation, measurement and mixed methodsInterpretation, measurement and mixed methods
Interpretation, measurement and mixed methodsTuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Yhteiskunnan mittaaminen: Big data ja tiedonlouhinta
Yhteiskunnan mittaaminen: Big data ja tiedonlouhintaYhteiskunnan mittaaminen: Big data ja tiedonlouhinta
Yhteiskunnan mittaaminen: Big data ja tiedonlouhintaTuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Knowledge, Counterknowledge and Conspiracy in Populist Argumentation
Knowledge, Counterknowledge and Conspiracy in Populist ArgumentationKnowledge, Counterknowledge and Conspiracy in Populist Argumentation
Knowledge, Counterknowledge and Conspiracy in Populist ArgumentationTuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Populism in Action: Finland 1959–2017
Populism in Action: Finland 1959–2017Populism in Action: Finland 1959–2017
Populism in Action: Finland 1959–2017Tuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Topic modeling sosiologin työkaluna
Topic modeling sosiologin työkalunaTopic modeling sosiologin työkaluna
Topic modeling sosiologin työkalunaTuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Populism and Familiarity: Political Appropriation of Suvivirsi, the Summer Hymn
Populism and Familiarity: Political Appropriation of Suvivirsi, the Summer HymnPopulism and Familiarity: Political Appropriation of Suvivirsi, the Summer Hymn
Populism and Familiarity: Political Appropriation of Suvivirsi, the Summer HymnTuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Using Topic Modeling to Study Everyday "Civic Talk" and Proto-political Engag...
Using Topic Modeling to Study Everyday "Civic Talk" and Proto-political Engag...Using Topic Modeling to Study Everyday "Civic Talk" and Proto-political Engag...
Using Topic Modeling to Study Everyday "Civic Talk" and Proto-political Engag...Tuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
A Sociological Framework for the Analysis of Populism via Laurent Thévenot’s ...
A Sociological Framework for the Analysis of Populism via Laurent Thévenot’s ...A Sociological Framework for the Analysis of Populism via Laurent Thévenot’s ...
A Sociological Framework for the Analysis of Populism via Laurent Thévenot’s ...Tuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Populism as Politics of Personal Experience: The Case of Suvivirsi
Populism as Politics of Personal Experience: The Case of SuvivirsiPopulism as Politics of Personal Experience: The Case of Suvivirsi
Populism as Politics of Personal Experience: The Case of SuvivirsiTuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Populismi, suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin korjaussarja?
Populismi, suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin korjaussarja?Populismi, suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin korjaussarja?
Populismi, suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin korjaussarja?Tuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Populismi suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin kontekstissa
Populismi suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin kontekstissaPopulismi suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin kontekstissa
Populismi suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin kontekstissaTuukka Ylä-Anttila
 
Oikeuttamismaailmat diskursseina?
Oikeuttamismaailmat diskursseina?Oikeuttamismaailmat diskursseina?
Oikeuttamismaailmat diskursseina?Tuukka Ylä-Anttila
 

More from Tuukka Ylä-Anttila (13)

Interpretation, measurement and mixed methods
Interpretation, measurement and mixed methodsInterpretation, measurement and mixed methods
Interpretation, measurement and mixed methods
 
Yhteiskunnan mittaaminen: Big data ja tiedonlouhinta
Yhteiskunnan mittaaminen: Big data ja tiedonlouhintaYhteiskunnan mittaaminen: Big data ja tiedonlouhinta
Yhteiskunnan mittaaminen: Big data ja tiedonlouhinta
 
Populismin työkalut ja media
Populismin työkalut ja mediaPopulismin työkalut ja media
Populismin työkalut ja media
 
Knowledge, Counterknowledge and Conspiracy in Populist Argumentation
Knowledge, Counterknowledge and Conspiracy in Populist ArgumentationKnowledge, Counterknowledge and Conspiracy in Populist Argumentation
Knowledge, Counterknowledge and Conspiracy in Populist Argumentation
 
Populism in Action: Finland 1959–2017
Populism in Action: Finland 1959–2017Populism in Action: Finland 1959–2017
Populism in Action: Finland 1959–2017
 
Topic modeling sosiologin työkaluna
Topic modeling sosiologin työkalunaTopic modeling sosiologin työkaluna
Topic modeling sosiologin työkaluna
 
Populism and Familiarity: Political Appropriation of Suvivirsi, the Summer Hymn
Populism and Familiarity: Political Appropriation of Suvivirsi, the Summer HymnPopulism and Familiarity: Political Appropriation of Suvivirsi, the Summer Hymn
Populism and Familiarity: Political Appropriation of Suvivirsi, the Summer Hymn
 
Using Topic Modeling to Study Everyday "Civic Talk" and Proto-political Engag...
Using Topic Modeling to Study Everyday "Civic Talk" and Proto-political Engag...Using Topic Modeling to Study Everyday "Civic Talk" and Proto-political Engag...
Using Topic Modeling to Study Everyday "Civic Talk" and Proto-political Engag...
 
A Sociological Framework for the Analysis of Populism via Laurent Thévenot’s ...
A Sociological Framework for the Analysis of Populism via Laurent Thévenot’s ...A Sociological Framework for the Analysis of Populism via Laurent Thévenot’s ...
A Sociological Framework for the Analysis of Populism via Laurent Thévenot’s ...
 
Populism as Politics of Personal Experience: The Case of Suvivirsi
Populism as Politics of Personal Experience: The Case of SuvivirsiPopulism as Politics of Personal Experience: The Case of Suvivirsi
Populism as Politics of Personal Experience: The Case of Suvivirsi
 
Populismi, suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin korjaussarja?
Populismi, suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin korjaussarja?Populismi, suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin korjaussarja?
Populismi, suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin korjaussarja?
 
Populismi suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin kontekstissa
Populismi suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin kontekstissaPopulismi suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin kontekstissa
Populismi suomalaisen poliittisen kulttuurin kontekstissa
 
Oikeuttamismaailmat diskursseina?
Oikeuttamismaailmat diskursseina?Oikeuttamismaailmat diskursseina?
Oikeuttamismaailmat diskursseina?
 

Recently uploaded

Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsShark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsArubSultan
 
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptxUmeshTimilsina1
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxkarenfajardo43
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptxmary850239
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxryandux83rd
 
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptxmary850239
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxAnupam32727
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17How to create _name_search function in odoo 17
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17Celine George
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17Celine George
 
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptxUmeshTimilsina1
 
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipThe role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipKarl Donert
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsShark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
 
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KĨ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 11 (CẢ NĂM) - FRIENDS GLOBAL - NĂM HỌC...
 
Israel Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database Release
Israel Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database ReleaseIsrael Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database Release
Israel Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database Release
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 11 THEO ĐƠN VỊ BÀI HỌC - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (GLOB...
 
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
4.11.24 Poverty and Inequality in America.pptx
 
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical VariableChi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
 
CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA _
CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA            _CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA            _
CARNAVAL COM MAGIA E EUFORIA _
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
 
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
 
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptxCLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
CLASSIFICATION OF ANTI - CANCER DRUGS.pptx
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17How to create _name_search function in odoo 17
How to create _name_search function in odoo 17
 
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
How to Manage Buy 3 Get 1 Free in Odoo 17
 
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx
 
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenshipThe role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
The role of Geography in climate education: science and active citizenship
 
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
Introduction to Research ,Need for research, Need for design of Experiments, ...
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
 
Teaching Critical AI Literacies - Maha Bali
Teaching Critical AI Literacies - Maha BaliTeaching Critical AI Literacies - Maha Bali
Teaching Critical AI Literacies - Maha Bali
 

Populism as Politics of Personal Experience: The Case of Suvivirsi

  • 1. Populism as Politics of Personal Experience THE CASE OF SUVIVIRSI TuukkaYlä-Anttila
  • 3. SUVIVIRSI “The precious summertime is now here and beautiful flowers bloom everywhere. The warm sun gives its blessings, awakening nature to life. The meadows are again green, the fields filled with plentiful crops, and the forests with leaves. Every year this reminds us of your mercy and miracles, God. Like the birds singing beautiful songs, wouldn’t we, God’s people, thank our Creator. My soul, join this choir and thank our Lord of His Mercy.”
  • 4. STATE & CHURCH 76.3 % of Finns are members of the Lutheran Church (90.3 % in 1990!) Freedom of religion but Lutheran Church gets special treatment, incl. tax funds Basically a state church
  • 5. APATHY “Parties have drifted further and further away from ordinary people’s issues” “I have no say whatsoever over what the government or parliament decides”
  • 6. 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Finland Norway Denmark Populist voters Other voters “Sometimes politics and government seem so complicated that a person like me cannot really understand what is going on” (ESS 2008)
  • 7. TURNOUT % 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 1962 1966 1970 1972 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007
  • 8. PRACTICES “efficiency, rationality and expertise were emphasized [...] disputes were often handled as neutral technical facts” (Luhtakallio & Ylä-Anttila 2011)
  • 9. PARTICIPATION If politics is merely about experts choosing the most rational/effective option, why should citizens participate? Example: Citizens’ initiative
  • 10. “Is the purpose here to create some sort of fast lane for legislation? … It is a peculiar situation if already congested ministries have to spend their time dealing with citizens’ initiatives, that might, moreover, be in conflict with the government platform.” (Anne Holmlund, chair of the Legal Affairs Committee of the Finnish Parliament) (AL 21 March 2013)
  • 11. “People have too much time on their hands. Of course people are allowed to discuss what they want, but it’s just so time-consuming.” (Jari Koskinen, Minister of Agriculture and Forestry) (HS 8 April 2013)
  • 13. STABILITY/PROTEST 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 Conservatives Soc. Dem. Rural/Finns Centre Left Greens Swedish Christian D. Others Seats in parliament, 1987–2011
  • 16. POPULISM “[A]n ideology that considers society to be ultimately separated into two homogeneous and antagonistic groups, ‘the pure people’ versus ‘the corrupt elite’, and which argues that politics should be an expression of the volonté generale (general will) of the people.” (Mudde 2004)
  • 18. PUBLIC JUSTIFICATION Efficiency (“industrial”) Tradition (“domestic”) Inspiration Market Civic Fame (Boltanski & Thévenot: On Justification, [1991] 2006)
  • 19. FAMILIARITY Habitual action Feeling at ease Predictability Home (Thévenot 2007, 2011a, 2011b, 2014)
  • 20. PRACTICES “efficiency, rationality and expertise were emphasized [...] disputes were often handled as neutral technical facts” (Luhtakallio & Ylä-Anttila 2011)
  • 22. FINNISH POLITICS = Based on certain agreed principles? = public justification
  • 23. DISTANCE “to appear credible the citizens’ movement had to distance themselves from particular interests and frame their argument as public justification for the common good” (Lonkila 2011)
  • 24. “[Suvivirsi] is an essential part of Finnish cultural heritage.” ”You don’t have to sing the hymn if you don’t want to, or you feel like it doesn’t fit with your culture.”
  • 25. “If Finns have to look at the religious dress of muslims and subordination of women under the pretense of religion, we can sing suvivirsi once a year without worries! IS THIS QUESTION SOME SORT OF JOKE???”
  • 26. COMMONPLACE Shared material and/or symbolic artefact that can be used to build commonality via familiarity and personal closeness (Thévenot 2007, 2011a, 2011b, 2014)
  • 27. “Suvivirsi draws thoughts to summer even if school days were a long time ago.” “It fills hearts with emotion when nature blooms.” “I’m not particularly religious myself and still I always wait for Suvivirsi to brings tears to eyes.” “It still brings tears to my eyes when I sing it. This I want to be continued and this feeling I hope will be passed on to our children.”
  • 28. SHARED EXPERIENCE Embedded in a particular time and place!
  • 29. INCLUSION FOR EXCLUSION? Broadening the range of acceptable politics but excluding immigrants
  • 30. DISCUSSION Understanding familiarity and justification... ...to understand lack of interest in politics ...to understand why populism gains popularity ...to understand the significance of the material for symbols ...to help debate between populists and establishment? ...to support progressive politics?
  • 31. AL = Aamulehti 21 March 2013: Holmlund nihkeänä kansalaisaloitteesta: ”Onko tarkoitus luoda lainsäädännön ohituskaista?” Online: http://www.aamulehti.fi/Kotimaa/1194802824885/artikkeli/holmlund+nihkeana +kansalaisaloitteesta+onko+tarkoitus+luoda+lainsaadannon+ohituskaista+.html [Viewed 18.4.2013] Boltanski, Luc & Thévenot, Laurent [1991] 2006: On Justification: Economies of Worth. Princeton University Press. HS 8 April 2013: Maatalousministeri torjuu kalastuskritiikin – ”Ihmisillä on liikaa aikaa”. Online: http://www.hs.fi/ kotimaa/Maatalousministeri+torjuu+kalastuskritiikin++Ihmisill%C3%A4+on+liikaa+aikaa/a1365386092083 [Viewed 18.4.2013] Lonkila, Markku 2011: Yhteisyyden kieliopit helsinkiläisessä ja pietarilaisessa kaupunkiaktivismissa. Sosiologia 48(1), 22–33. Luhtakallio, Eeva & Ylä-Anttila, Tuomas 2011: Julkisen oikeuttamisen analyysi sosiologisena tutkimusmenetelmänä. Sosiologia 48(1), 34–51. Mudde, Cas 2004: The Populist Zeitgeist. Government and Opposition, 39(4), 541–563. Thévenot, Laurent 2007: The Plurality of Cognitive Formats and Engagements: Moving Between the Familiar and the Public. European Journal of Social Theory 10(3), 409–423. Thévenot, Laurent 2011a: Power and oppression from the perspective of the sociology of engagements: a comparison with Bourdieu’s and Dewey’s critical approaches to practical activities. Irish Journal of Sociology 19(1), 35–67. Thévenot, Laurent 2011b: Oikeutettavuuden rajat. Yhteiselämää koossapitävät sidokset ja niiden väärinkäyttö. Sosiologia 48(1), 7–21. Thévenot, Laurent 2014: Voicing Concern and Difference. From Public Spaces to Common-Places. European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology 1(1), 7–34.