A Trip To The African Savanna


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This power point is about mammals that live in the African Savanna designed for students grades 3rd-5th.

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A Trip To The African Savanna

  1. 1. A Trip to the African Savanna (Virtual Tour)) An Interactive Power Point By Jill Tutten ED 205 - 03 3rd-5th grade Quit
  2. 2. Mammals in the African Savanna • What is a Savanna? •Lemur • Elephant •Rhinoceros • Lion •Meerkat • Zebra •Sengi • Cheetah •Living Together • Giraffe •About the Author • Gazelle •Resources • Hippopotamus Quit
  3. 3. What is a Savanna?? • The African savanna is a rolling grassland dotted with trees. • Africa has a wet season and dry season. • The animals in Africa are well adapted to deal with the changes in wet or dry season. • There are 45 species of mammal in Africa. Quit
  4. 4. Elephant • On average elephants are 10 feet tall and the largest land animal by weight!! • They use their trunks to breathe out of and even use it as an arm like we would. – The trunk has two grasping extensions (like fingers) that can grab onto things. The truck can also be used to suck up water to squirt into their mouth. • The adult females usually live together in a small herd where as males usually live alone. • The elephants usually migrate in- between the dry and wet season because they have to move to a place To view an African Elephant in its with more vegetation. habitat click on the picture above. Quit
  5. 5. Lion •Lions hunt and live together in groups called prides. •Normally the females do the hunting and work together to take down their pray. •Lions feed on zebras, wildebeest and can even take down giraffes, hippos and young elephants. •They are the biggest predator in Africa. Quit
  6. 6. Zebra • Zebras strips are unique to each individual like a human finger print. • They are found to live in small to large herds. • The strips are used as camouflage because most of their strips are vertical and their main predator (the lion) is color blind. – This allows them to hide in the grass. • When chased zebras will run zig- zag from side to side to attempt to escape from predators. Quit
  7. 7. Cheetah •The cheetah is the fastest land animalsand can move up to 75 mph in short bursts. •They can reach 43 mph under 2 seconds giving them the ability to catch prey. •When mother cheetahs have young that are about 6 months old they are know to bring home live prey for their young to practice killing techniques. • Cheetahs have a tear mark leading from their eyes to their mouth while leopards do not. Quit
  8. 8. Giraffe •Giraffes also live in •A giraffe has a blue herds. tongue that can stretch •They normally only eat out of its mouth more in the morning or at than 40cm. dusk from the tops of •This makes reaching and trees. eating leaves easier. •Baby giraffes known as •Like zebras each giraffe calves grow very quick. his its own unique •Up to an inch a day!! markings. •Giraffes sleep standing up!! Quit
  9. 9. Gazelle • Gazelle can run at speeds of 50 miles per hour for extended period of time. – This helps them out run predators. • Before fleeing gazelle exhibit a behavior of slowly running and then jumping high in the air know as stotting. – They do this to show off their strength because predators usually go after the weaker prey. • Like many other animals in Africa they live in herds. Quit
  10. 10. Hippopotamus • Hippos wallow in the water often because their skin is very thin and the water keeps them hydrated. • They normally graze at dusk because the temperature is cooler. – They can eat up to 88 pounds of short grass in one day!! • Even though hippos are very large they can gallop at speeds up to 18 mph. • Hippos are territorial in the water where a bull (male leader) presides over a small stretch of river which contains many females. Quit
  11. 11. Ring Tailed Lemur • Ring Tailed Lemurs live on the island of Madagascar which is off the coast of Africa. • They are very social and live in groups up to 30 individuals. – Which are dominated by females • As a group activity the lemurs will sometimes sunbath. • At night they will all huddle together which is know as a lemur ball. • They are one of the most vocal primates that use many different calls to communicate messages to one another. – To hear click the lemur. Quit
  12. 12. Rhinoceros • Rhinos belong to the same family as horses. • Unlike many of the mammals discussed earlier rhinos mainly live alone. • They can be aggressive if provoked. First they will snort loudly at an intruder and if the intruder does not leave they will charge. • Rhinos have think skin and a horn growing out of the middle of their head however the black rhino, as pictured ,has two. Quit
  13. 13. Meerkat •Meerkats live in a group •Meerkats are small know as a mob, clan, or burrowing mammals that gang. Most clans have build a large network of about 20 individuals but tunnels with many some super families can entrances and exits. have 50 or more. •They regularly groom •Meerkats mostly eat each other to strength insects but will also eat bonds among their mob. lizards, snakes, scorpions, •If a predator is spotted etc. the meerkat will give a •They are partially warning bark to all the immune to certain other meerkats to hide. venoms such as scorpion venom. Quit
  14. 14. Sengi (Elephant Shrew) • The sengi got its nickname from its long nose that resembles an elephants trunk. • They feed on insects but will also eat seeds. – The eat by using their tongue to flick food into their mouth like an anteater. • They have long legs which they use to move in a hopping motion like a rabbit. • The sengi are very well camouflage and well adept at dashing away from predators. Quit
  15. 15. Living Together • Each mammal has its own niche in the African Savanna. • Some mammals are predators to others and some just want to be left alone. • Some eat the leaves from the tops of trees and others graze on the grass below. • All of the mammals of the Click on Video Screen above to African Savanna live view video of Animals in Africa together and fight their living together. own battles to survive. Quit
  16. 16. About the Author My name is Jill Tutten and I am a student at Grand Valley. I am majoring in Integrated Science and I’ll have a minor in elementary education. I enjoy teaching and talk about science. I would like to teach K-3rd. If you have any comments or concerns , please feel free to mail me: tuttenj@student.gvsu.edu or click on the mailbox to send an email. Quit
  17. 17. Resources • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ • http://www.africanfauna.com/ • http://www.taggalaxy.com/ • http://www.flickr.com/photos/ • http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/african_savanna.ht m • http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/AfricanSavanna/afsa vmeet.cfm • http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidA ssetId=0773D9E1-7D8A-4B91-9C98- D1A47733BF05&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US Quit