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Understanding Difference Between Vertical and Horizontal Networks

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While there are countless examples of people gathering at a conferences or symposiums, or at weekly networking events, these are usually not people who are focused on a common goal or vision, or using their time, talent and dollars to solve long-term or even short term problems. In this presentation I describe "horizontal" and "vertical" networks. See how I describe and apply this thinking. Just because there are a lot of people at an event, it does not mean they are working toward a common goal.

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Understanding Difference Between Vertical and Horizontal Networks

  1. 1. Collaboration and eLearning A discussion of Vertical vs. Horizontal Learning Networks A Horizontal Network People connected to each other in face-to- face events, or on Facebook, Twitter, etc, who share a common interest (sports, art), or a common background (family, college, business), etc. are in a horizontal network. People representing goals of vertical networks are part of horizontal networks, too. Pg 1 A Vertical Network People working together or collectively to achieve a shared goal over a period of time are in a vertical network. Certain actions, repeated over and over, by many people, are needed to achieve the shared purpose. Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net
  2. 2. Collective Effort Our aim is to reduce the costs of poverty by helping more youth in high poverty areas move through school and into careers. This takes 20-25 years for EACH youth. This essay shares ideas about vertical and horizontal networks. It also shares Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC ideas about what cities and states accomplish when leaders and citizens are working collectively toward shared goals that we cannot achieve when working alone. Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net
  3. 3. a Horizontal Network The unifying factor is an event, a meeting place, a common interest, such as in art, technology, social entrepreneurship. People who host and join such networks are interested in the topic and using the ideas and people they meet to make a better world. The organizers connects people in their network with each other. Individuals within horizontal networks often represent vertical networks. However, horizontal networks themselves are not focused on a specific goal, large or small, such as making computer learning available in all parts of Chicago, or of using computers to support the growth of social services to certain sectors throughout Chicago, or a single neighborhood. Pg 3 Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net
  4. 4. This is an example of a horizontal network – people from all over the world connected via a single January 2012 event. Pg 4 However, the work each group did during this event was not related to a single long- term goal, such as clean water, ending hunger, educating kids, etc. Events like this are important. Facebook is a huge horizontal network because it connects millions of people in on-going interactions. http://jellyweek.tumblr.com/ Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net
  5. 5. People who meet weekly in Chicago at #ChiHackNight and share ideas about using civic technology are an example of a horizontal network, in that there is no single unifying long-term goal, other than constant expansion in ways that civic technology is used to benefit communities. Supported by http://www.chihacknight.org Educators from around the world who connect on-line via the #clmooc community are another example of a horizontal network. There's no specific long term goal, other than to share ideas to help each participant be a more effective educator. Supported by https://clmooc.com Pg 5 Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net
  6. 6. This is a map showing groups that have participated in Drop-Out Prevention Conferences in Chicago. It connects to other maps of youth-support networks. While they are connected in learning events, most represent different organizations which compete for attention and resources. Thus, they are a horizontal network when they attend these events. Pg 6 http://tinyurl.com/2011DropoutConf-Network
  7. 7. Major events, like National Conference on Volunteering and Service gather 4,000 to 6,000 participants in same place for one or two days. While the conference goal may be to raise visibility and public funding for volunteerism in general, the participants represent many different programs in different parts of the country. This is article I wrote after attending 2008 conference http://tutormentor.blogspot.com/2008/06/our-greatest-challenge-is-gaps-between.html Pg 7
  8. 8. Most Horizontal Networks consist of people who have different personal or organizational agendas. Family work Social Political Health Environment Race Justice skill Faith Alumni Family work Social Political Health Environment Race Justice skill Faith Alumni Family work Social Political Health Environment Race Justice skill Faith Alumni Family work Social Political Health Environment Race Justice skill Faith Alumni Family work Social Political Health Environment Race Justice skill Faith Alumni Event and/or On-line Meeting Place Family work Social Political Health Environment Race Justice skill Faith Alumni Environment Family work Social Political Health Race Justice skill Faith Alumni Family work Social Political Health Race Justice skill Faith Alumni THEY SHARE SAME SPACE AND SOME COMMON GOALS Pg 8 BUT NOT SPECIFIC LONG TERM GOAL
  9. 9. a Vertical Network The unifying factor is an vision, a shared purpose, such as ending Aids, gaining the vote for women, saving the environment, helping kids in poverty. People who host and join such networks are interested in the topic and using the ideas and people they meet to make a better world. They are focused on strategies and actions that must be repeated over and over for many years. While there are thousands of Horizontal networks and meeting places on the internet it is difficult to find a large number of vertical networks. Pg 9 Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net
  10. 10. Why is this Important? Without the collective efforts of many people most complex problems will not have enough on-going commitment and flow of resources to be solved. We have a tremendous potential to pull members from horizontal networks into networks focused on specific purposes. Pg 10 Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net As people in Horizontal Networks share ideas and build relationships they can also point people to web sites focused on specific purposes. The following slides illustrate this idea as it has been developed to support the growth of volunteer-based tutoring, mentoring and learning organizations reaching youth in areas of high poverty inner-city neighborhoods.
  11. 11. Mentoring is not a magic pill. It’s part of a long-term support system intended to help young people grow up and enter adult roles. The role of intermediaries, and leaders in a Vertical Organization is to draw people together and focus them on day to day actions that must repeat in many places for many years. Learning and collaboration are critical actions that must be on-going in support of this effort. A vertical network works toward a goal that can only be achieved over a period of time. Pg 11 Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net VERTICAL NETWORKS ARE LINEAR This graphic illustrates a long term goal that requires the involvement of many people in many places.
  12. 12. Tangela joined CC in 1993, after being part of the MW/Cabrini Green Tutoring Program when in elementary school. School-Time Programs 3-5 PM Non-School Programs Pre-K K - 5th 5th - 6th 6th - 8th High School Career Track After 5 PM and Weekend Programs If the goal is to help kids living in high poverty neighborhoods be starting jobs/careers by their mid-twenties…. How do we help tutor/mentor programs connect with youth when they are young, and stay connected to those kids from when we first meet them, to when they need our help as adults?…. We are still connected, via the Internet, 16 years later. --- 16 years later. Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net Pg 12 VERTICAL NETWORKS SHARE SAME QUESTIONS
  13. 13. a) data related to specific issue/problem, b) ways to draw millions to the platform; c) ways to engage the people with the data in order to create shared understanding and, d) ways to point the efforts of the group to places within geographic boundaries where the ideas and action can support constant improvement, or betterment, resolution of the problem. A social problem solving platform with vertical and horizontal components: This map shows the platform Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC has been trying to build for more than a decade. Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net Pg 13
  14. 14. A Vertical Network has core strategies and shared knowledge that needs to be owned in many places. These graphics are two of many that illustrate the four-part strategy developed since 1993 by Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC View 4 part strategy - http://tinyurl.com/TMC-4-Part-Strategy Pg 14
  15. 15. Vertical Network Members need to be aligned in a planning process that defines goals, generates resources and maintains public support for many years. View this concept map at http://tinyurl.com/TMI-Planning Pg 15 Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net
  16. 16. Vertical networks need to have many people, and many leaders. They all need to be spending time regularly reading, reflecting, talking and sharing ideas that support the on- going work of the network to fill specific geographic locations with needed products and services. Each of the 17 United Nation's Global Goals needs to be supported by massive vertical networks. See https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/susta inable-development-goals/ Pg 16 Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net
  17. 17. • poverty has not changed in the past 10, 20 years • quality of life for minorities living in segregated poverty is poor and should be something every citizen is concerned about • education is the key to improving quality of life and to drawing business and families into the city • people come out when their lives are personally affected • if you mobilize thousands of people, you threaten (change) existing powers • we need to build a broader coalition, including whites and suburbanites, not just minorities Youth living in inner city poverty face challenges that most kids do not have. However, most people who vote and determine public policy do not have a personal experience, or investment in what happens to these kids. Pg 17 Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net In a Horizontal Network People talk about an issue. In a vertical network people focus on actions that build long-term solutions to the problem.
  18. 18. • We must personally engage individuals within companies and professional associations. Personal involvement makes people willing to advocate for investments in poverty reduction strategies • Launch an on-going strategy of “comparative recognition” motivate companies to duplicate strategies already in place in competitor or sister organizations • Recruit visible spokespeople. If Oprah, Michael or George W. say “read it” people will spend much more time learning from the information on T/MC and related web sites; if faith leaders include this strategy in their own weekly leadership, congregations will begin to become learning communities • Innovate. Look for “shared value” opportunities. However, there are many other ways to draw visitors to this strategy, which ultimately will draw more visible public leaders. • Provide comparative knowledge base. Show how existing businesses already profit from involvement in community strategies • Show the theoretical case for increased profits through innovative investment • Build a moral case for strategic investment • Provide tools and Support to make it easy The Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC is a Vertical Network. It seeks to Increase Business Involvement. This requires more than making a theoretical case for investment. Pg 18 Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net A vertical network seeks to increase members Network growth - http://tinyurl.com/TMI-Network-growth
  19. 19. Anyone can be a leader in a Vertical Network as along as you are aligned with others in a shared vision. Pg 19 T/MI links these groups with each other Read Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC - http://tinyurl.com/TMLN-Scribd Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net
  20. 20. Do you share this commitment? If leaders in private, public and social sector put their names, or organization names in the blue box at the top of this concept map, they become part of a vertical network. Pg 20
  21. 21. Mapping skills needed to accomplish goals of Vertical Network can help recruit talent needed. See Skills and Network maps at http://tinyurl.com/TMC-Talent-needed Getting the right mix of talent and networks involved in this effort is extremely difficult. Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net Pg 21
  22. 22. Geographic Maps can focus members on all parts of a region where same problem exists, and where similar services are needed. In Vertical Network all actions of members and leadership should aim to drive resources and ideas to all of the organizations needed in accomplishing the goals of the network. By maintaining a map/directory of Chicago area tutor/mentor programs we enable anyone to take actions that push resources to all programs. Pg 22 See maps at http://mappingforjustice.blogspot.com
  23. 23. No Organization Starts out GREAT It takes many years of constant investment of time, talent and dollars for a tutor/mentor program to build trust and participation of youth and volunteers. Great programs reach this level. Then it takes a minimum of six years of GREAT effort to help a 7th grader through high school and another 4 to 6 years until he/she is in a job. If we can affect the funding stream, and the talent flow, we can affect systems and do more to help youth in poverty move successfully through school and into jobs and careers that enable them to raise their own children outside of high poverty. Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net Pg 23
  24. 24. Helping non profits grow from good to great The goal of these slides is to show the infrastructure needed to support non profits doing similar work in multiple locations. These diagrams illustrate the need for on-going actions and support to help organizations grow from good to great. Flow of water turns wheel as it catches each tong. The faster the water flows, the faster the wheel turns. Consistent flow of volunteers and operating dollars keeps a non profit growing from good to great. Nonprofit Growth The “FLYWHEEL” effect As the spark ignites gas and forces the pistons up and down, these turn the cylinder that keeps the wheel turning. Volunteers and donors can provide the spark non profits need if there is an on-going supply provided by businesses, churches, colleges, and national service. The spark that propels the “ENGINE” effect $$ Vol Pg 24Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net VERTICAL ORGANIZATIONS FOCUS ON THIS “GOOD TO GREAT” PROCESS
  25. 25. What makes the Tutor/Mentor Connection/Institute, LLC unique is it's focus on helping draw needed ideas and resources directly to youth tutor/mentor programs in every high poverty area of Chicago. We must change how programs are funded. See articles with this graphic at http://tutormentor.blogspot.com/2018/05/helping-k-12-youth-in-poverty-areas.html Pg 25
  26. 26. It takes a core group of dedicated leaders with a long-term vision and commitment to make this happen. Read about collective impact and the STRIVE program in Cincinnati in this Stanford Social Innovation Review article - http://www.ssireview.org/articles/entry/collective_impact “If young people are connected with caring adults for sustained periods of time, year-round, positive results do emerge.” See Quantum Opportunities Project report: http://www.aypf.org/publications/compendium/C1S37.pdf Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net Pg 26
  27. 27. When leaders are documenting actions toward long-term goals in systems that aggregate this information, we’ll have better accountability, and better results. Read about documentation system piloted by Tutor/Mentor Connection http://www.tutormentorexchange.net/images/PDF/tmc_ohats_report_sep-00_thru_mar-02.pdf Pg 27 Note: While OHATS was used through 2012, data is not currently available due to technology difficulties.
  28. 28. Progress toward goal can be expressed visually in many ways. These are some of graphics found at http://tutormentor.blogspot.com Pg 28 Students in schools, non-school programs, colleges can create these visualizations. See examples at http://www.tutormentorexchange.net/definition-of-issues/ideasanimation
  29. 29. BIRTH TO WORK THIS MAP SHOWS MANY DIFFERENT HORIZONTAL NETWORKS THAT COULD BE CONNECTED IN SHARED EFFORT OF HELPING YOUTH ALONG A 25-30 YEAR JOURNEY FROM BIRTH TO WORK. A youth’s network and the people in it can make a difference in the journey from birth to work. Creating such networks for youth living in high poverty is the role of vertical networks such as the Tutor/Mentor Connection. Pg 29
  30. 30. Imagine if each leader were mapping his own network and leading actions that grow it from year-to-year. Pg 30 Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net In a Vertical Network this growth would have great impact. See network map at http://tinyurl.com/TMC-DanNetwork
  31. 31. These are thousands of Horizontal Learning Networks that T/MC has been part of, such as these shown below: Tutor/Mentor Institute aggregates links to some of these networks Blog list in library - http://tinyurl.com/TMI-Library-Blog-list Innovation/Collaboration – http://tinyurl.com/TMI-ProcessImp-Collaboration Volunteer support networks - http://tinyurl.com/TMI-Volunteer-Networks Each of these draws people together to learn from each other. They offer tremendous value to participants. However, there is no clear focus on achieving a specific goal. There are many goals, represented by each of the participants in these forums. Pg 31Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net Places to connect with Dan Bassill - http://tinyurl.com/TMC-DanNetwork
  32. 32. I’ve been sharing this idea of vertical and horizontal networks for many years. This is from a 2005 discussion held on techsoup.org Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net Pg 32 “I'd like to draw a difference between horizontal and vertical learning organizations. I believe that at present, most on-line learning and networking web sites are horizontal organizations. They collect lots of people who have a common interest, such as in technology, or politics, etc. and enable people to share ideas in a variety of formats. They are great for networking and exchanging ideas. However, most of the participants represent organizations with different missions and focus areas. The host of a horizontal learning organization is not the CEO of a business intended to accomplish a specific result as an outcome of a sequence of eConferences...unless it's a generic result, such as better uses of technology, or better understanding of a problem. The Tutor/Mentor Connection is what I call a vertical organization. We focus on actions that help kids living in poverty connect with adults in structured tutor/mentor programs that aim to mentor kids toward jobs and careers. See entire discussion at http://forums.techsoup.org/cs/community/f/26/t/11658.aspx
  33. 33. Additional Reading These articles show how youth, volunteers and others in Chicago and in other cities can help collect information, build public attention, and educate volunteer, donors and public leaders. Network Building - http://tinyurl.com/TMI-Be-Difference-Maker Information Collection - http://tinyurl.com/TMI-InformationGathering Communications and PR - http://tinyurl.com/TMI-RestOfStoryInterns See how interns are helping- http://michaelcnt.blogspot.com/ Copyright 2012, Tutor/Mentor Institute, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 E-mail for permission to use: tutormentor2@earthlink.net Pg 33
  34. 34. Dig into Tutor/Mentor Library This Map Shows Section Focused on Learning, Collaboration, Knowledge Management & Innovation - http://tinyurl.com/TMILibrary- Innovation-etc Pg 34
  35. 35. Tutor/Mentor Connection Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC http://www.tutormentorconnection.org http://www.tutormentorexchange.net http://tutormentor.blogspot.com http://mappingforjustice.blogspot.com tutormentor2@earthlink.net Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC, Tutor/Mentor Connection, Merchandise Mart PO Box 3303, Chicago, Il. 60654 tutormentor2@earthlink.net Tutor/Mentor Institute, LLC was created in 2011 to continue the work of Tutor/Mentor Connection, which was created in 1993 under a non-profit organizational structure. Our goal is to share and embed these ideas in organizations throughout Chicago and in other cities which also are challenged by high concentrations of poverty and gaps between rich and poor. Connect on Twitter @tutormentorteam

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