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Tourism and development


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Tourism and economic development

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Tourism and development

  1. 1. A2 Macro: Tourism and Economics Growth/Development Background According to the UN World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) diversification to become one of the fastest growing economic food products or automobiles. Tourism represents sources for many developing countries. This global spread of tourism in in economic and employment benefits in many related sector - agricu - revenues positioning in ever more complex national and international markets. Tourism growth in 2013 was strongest in Asia and the Pacific (+6%), where the number of international tourists grew by 14 million to reach 248 million.
  2. 2. Africa (+6%) attracted three million additional arrivals in 2013, reaching a new record of 56 million, reflecting the on-going rebound in North Africa (+6%) and the sustained growth of Sub-Saharan destinations (+5%). Other background statistics (taken from UNWTO report for 2013) Globally, tourism accounts for 1% of total water consumption Over half of all international tourists arrive at their destination by air Tourism is a key trade category in developing countries, accounting for 56% of the overall service exports of LDCs It is the lead export for at least 11 least-development countries (LDCs) Many industries are affected directly or indirectly by the growth of tourism – e.g. transport, communications, infrastructure, education, security, health, immigration, customs, accommodation, agriculture and creative industries