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15 Charts on the UK Economy (October 2016)

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Quarterly growth and levels of GDP for the UK
CPI 12-month inflation rate for the last 10 years: September 2006 to September 2016
Male and Female Employment Rates in the UK
Non-UK nationals working in the UK labour market
Components of Aggregate Demand in recent years
UK unemployment rates by region, seasonally adjusted, June to August 2016
Average UK house price, January 2005 to August 2016, not seasonally adjusted
Constant price GDP per hour worked for G7 countries, 2000 to 2015
Quarterly growth of GDP and GDP per head for UK
Economic Growth for the UK and the EU(28)
UK Bond Yields during 2016
Sterling Exchange Rate (as an index number)
UK Trade Balances By Sector (% of GDP)
UK Current Account Components (% of GDP)
Contributions to CPI Inflation (%)

Published in: Economy & Finance
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15 Charts on the UK Economy (October 2016)

  1. 1. Brexit and the UK Economy In 15 Charts
  2. 2. Quarterly growth and levels of GDP for the UK -2.5 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 350 370 390 410 430 450 470 490 2003Q3 2004Q1 2004Q3 2005Q1 2005Q3 2006Q1 2006Q3 2007Q1 2007Q3 2008Q1 2008Q3 2009Q1 2009Q3 2010Q1 2010Q3 2011Q1 2011Q3 2012Q1 2012Q3 2013Q1 2013Q3 2014Q1 2014Q3 2015Q1 2015Q3 2016Q1 Real GDP for the UK, quarterly level (left hand scale, £ billion) and quarterly growth (right hand scale, per cent) Growth (%) Levels (£ billion) Source: ONS
  3. 3. CPI 12-month inflation rate for the last 10 years: September 2006 to September 2016 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sep-06 Feb-07 Jul-07 Dec-07 May-08 Oct-08 Mar-09 Aug-09 Jan-10 Jun-10 Nov-10 Apr-11 Sep-11 Feb-12 Jul-12 Dec-12 May-13 Oct-13 Mar-14 Aug-14 Jan-15 Jun-15 Nov-15 Apr-16 Sep-16 Annual Rate of Consumer Price Inflation for the UK (per cent) Source: ONS
  4. 4. 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Jan-Mar1971 Mar-May1972 May-Jul1973 Jul-Sep1974 Sep-Nov1975 Nov-Jan1977 Jan-Mar1978 Mar-May1979 May-Jul1980 Jul-Sep1981 Sep-Nov1982 Nov-Jan1984 Jan-Mar1985 Mar-May1986 May-Jul1987 Jul-Sep1988 Sep-Nov1989 Nov-Jan1991 Jan-Mar1992 Mar-May1993 May-Jul1994 Jul-Sep1995 Sep-Nov1996 Nov-Jan1998 Jan-Mar1999 Mar-May2000 May-Jul2001 Jul-Sep2002 Sep-Nov2003 Nov-Jan2005 Jan-Mar2006 Mar-May2007 May-Jul2008 Jul-Sep2009 Sep-Nov2010 Nov-Jan2012 Jan-Mar2013 Mar-May2014 May-Jul2015 Employment rates (aged 16 to 64), seasonally adjusted, per cent of population of working age People Men Women Male and Female Employment Rates in the UK from 1971 to 2016 Source: ONS
  5. 5. Non-UK nationals working in the UK labour market 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Apr-Jun1997 Oct-Dec1997 Apr-Jun1998 Oct-Dec1998 Apr-Jun1999 Oct-Dec1999 Apr-Jun2000 Oct-Dec2000 Apr-Jun2001 Oct-Dec2001 Apr-Jun2002 Oct-Dec2002 Apr-Jun2003 Oct-Dec2003 Apr-Jun2004 Oct-Dec2004 Apr-Jun2005 Oct-Dec2005 Apr-Jun2006 Oct-Dec2006 Apr-Jun2007 Oct-Dec2007 Apr-Jun2008 Oct-Dec2008 Apr-Jun2009 Oct-Dec2009 Apr-Jun2010 Oct-Dec2010 Apr-Jun2011 Oct-Dec2011 Apr-Jun2012 Oct-Dec2012 Apr-Jun2013 Oct-Dec2013 Apr-Jun2014 Oct-Dec2014 Apr-Jun2015 Oct-Dec2015 Apr-Jun2016 Non-UK nationals working in the UK, thousands, data is not seasonally adjusted, source: Labour Force Survey Total EU nationals Total non-EU nationals Source: ONS
  6. 6. Growth Rates of Components of UK Aggregate Demand before, during and after the global downturn 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.1 0.7 -0.8 0.4 -3.3 -1.5 -2.1 -1.1 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.5 -3.5 -3.0 -2.5 -2.0 -1.5 -1.0 -0.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 Consumption Government consumption Gross Investment Exports Imports Real GDP Components of UK Aggregate Demand, quarterly % growth rates Pre-downturn Downturn Post-downturn Source: ONS
  7. 7. UK unemployment rates by region, seasonally adjusted, June to August 2016 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.6 4.9 5.1 5.5 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.8 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 South East East South West Wales East Midlands Scotland UK North West Northern Ireland Yorkshire and The Humber West Midlands London North East Labour Force Survey Unemployment Rate (% of labour force, June-Aug 2016) Source: ONS
  8. 8. Average UK house price, January 2005 to August 2016, not seasonally adjusted 100000 120000 140000 160000 180000 200000 220000 240000 2005Jan 2005May 2005Sep 2006Jan 2006May 2006Sep 2007Jan 2007May 2007Sep 2008Jan 2008May 2008Sep 2009Jan 2009May 2009Sep 2010Jan 2010May 2010Sep 2011Jan 2011May 2011Sep 2012Jan 2012May 2012Sep 2013Jan 2013May 2013Sep 2014Jan 2014May 2014Sep 2015Jan 2015May 2015Sep 2016Jan 2016May UK average house price (£s) source: Land Registry Source: ONS
  9. 9. Productivity: Constant price GDP per hour worked for G7 countries, 2000 to 2015 85 90 95 100 105 110 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Constant price GDP per hour worked for G7 countries, 2000 to 2015 Canada France Germany Italy Japan UK USA Source: IMF
  10. 10. Quarterly growth of GDP and GDP per head for UK 85 90 95 100 105 110 Q12006 Q22006 Q32006 Q42006 Q12007 Q22007 Q32007 Q42007 Q12008 Q22008 Q32008 Q42008 Q12009 Q22009 Q32009 Q42009 Q12010 Q22010 Q32010 Q42010 Q12011 Q22011 Q32011 Q42011 Q12012 Q22012 Q32012 Q42012 Q12013 Q22013 Q32013 Q42013 Q12014 Q22014 Q32014 Q42014 Q12015 Q22015 Q32015 Q42015 Q12016 Q22016 Quarterly growth of Real GDP and Real GDP per head for the UK, indexed from Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2008 = 100 Real GDP GDP Per Head Source: ONS
  11. 11. Economic Growth for the UK and the EU(28) -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 Q22006 Q32006 Q42006 Q12007 Q22007 Q32007 Q42007 Q12008 Q22008 Q32008 Q42008 Q12009 Q22009 Q32009 Q42009 Q12010 Q22010 Q32010 Q42010 Q12011 Q22011 Q32011 Q42011 Q12012 Q22012 Q32012 Q42012 Q12013 Q22013 Q32013 Q42013 Q12014 Q22014 Q32014 Q42014 Q12015 Q22015 Q32015 Q42015 Q12016 Q22016 GDP growth rates (per cent) quarter-on-corresponding-quarter-of- previous-year for the UK and the European Union (EU) UK EU Source: ONS
  12. 12. UK Bond Yields during 2016 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 04Jan16 11Jan16 18Jan16 25Jan16 01Feb16 08Feb16 15Feb16 22Feb16 29Feb16 07Mar16 14Mar16 21Mar16 28Mar16 04Apr16 11Apr16 18Apr16 25Apr16 02May16 09May16 16May16 23May16 30May16 06Jun16 13Jun16 20Jun16 27Jun16 04Jul16 11Jul16 18Jul16 25Jul16 01Aug16 08Aug16 15Aug16 22Aug16 29Aug16 05Sep16 12Sep16 19Sep16 26Sep16 03Oct16 10Oct16 17Oct16 24Oct16 Yields on UK gilts at selected maturities (per cent) 2-year 10-year 30-year Source: HM Treasury
  13. 13. Sterling Exchange Rate (as an index number) 70.0 75.0 80.0 85.0 90.0 95.0 100.0 105.0 110.0 115.0 120.0 02Jan14 02Feb14 02Mar14 02Apr14 02May14 02Jun14 02Jul14 02Aug14 02Sep14 02Oct14 02Nov14 02Dec14 02Jan15 02Feb15 02Mar15 02Apr15 02May15 02Jun15 02Jul15 02Aug15 02Sep15 02Oct15 02Nov15 02Dec15 02Jan16 02Feb16 02Mar16 02Apr16 02May16 02Jun16 02Jul16 02Aug16 02Sep16 02Oct16 UK Exchange Rate Indices, 2nd Jan 2014 = 100 Sterling ERI €/£ $/£ Source: Bank of England
  14. 14. UK Trade Balances By Sector (% of GDP) -10.0 -8.0 -6.0 -4.0 -2.0 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 1998Q1 1998Q4 1999Q3 2000Q2 2001Q1 2001Q4 2002Q3 2003Q2 2004Q1 2004Q4 2005Q3 2006Q2 2007Q1 2007Q4 2008Q3 2009Q2 2010Q1 2010Q4 2011Q3 2012Q2 2013Q1 2013Q4 2014Q3 2015Q2 2016Q1 UK Trade Balances by Sector, % of GDP, Source: ONS Financial services Other services Goods Trade balance Source: ONS
  15. 15. UK Current Account Components (% of GDP) -16.0 -14.0 -12.0 -10.0 -8.0 -6.0 -4.0 -2.0 0.0 2.0 4.0 2006Q1 2006Q2 2006Q3 2006Q4 2007Q1 2007Q2 2007Q3 2007Q4 2008Q1 2008Q2 2008Q3 2008Q4 2009Q1 2009Q2 2009Q3 2009Q4 2010Q1 2010Q2 2010Q3 2010Q4 2011Q1 2011Q2 2011Q3 2011Q4 2012Q1 2012Q2 2012Q3 2012Q4 2013Q1 2013Q2 2013Q3 2013Q4 2014Q1 2014Q2 2014Q3 2014Q4 2015Q1 2015Q2 2015Q3 2015Q4 2016Q1 2016Q2 Components of the UK Current Account of the Balance of Payments, (quarterly data, % of GDP) Trade balance Primary income Secondary income Current account balance Source: Bank of England
  16. 16. Contributions to CPI Inflation (%) -2.0 -1.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 Jan2011 Apr2011 Jul2011 Oct2011 Jan2012 Apr2012 Jul2012 Oct2012 Jan2013 Apr2013 Jul2013 Oct2013 Jan2014 Apr2014 Jul2014 Oct2014 Jan2015 Apr2015 Jul2015 Oct2015 Jan2016 Apr2016 Jul2016 Contributions to UK CPI Inflation (%) Services (48%) Food and non-alcoholic beverages (10%) Electricity and gas (4%) Fuels and lubricants (3%) Other goods(b) (35%) Source: ONS

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