by hindiboloblog.blogspot.com Conversational Hindi Course
‘ Hello’, ‘Bye’ Greetings and other common expressions
Greetings namaste The most common way to greet someone in Hindi is namaste , this greeting comes from the Sanskrit namah + te that literally meant ‘honour to you’. Commonly, it is used addressing the person greeated with the respectful jī , as in namaste jī , namaste Mohan jī . This greeting is used with the meaning both of ‘hello’ and ‘good bye’. Namaskār is also a common greeting slightly more formal than namaste . Both namaste and namaskar are usually spoken while joining hands and slightly bending in a small bow. Originally, Hindi does not have greetings related to the times of the day, but some expressions corresponding to ‘good morning’ and ‘good night’ were introduced, but they are not so commonly used in the current language. Other ways to greet someone in Hindi are related to their religion. Sikh people use sat sir ī akāl , Muslims salām alaikum and Hindus may use rām-rām or hari om . A very respectful way to greet elders is praṇām with a bow and touching their feet seeking their blessings.
Greetings namask ā r It is also commonly pronounced as ‘namashk ā r’. Back to lesson…
‘ How are you?’ Greetings and other common expressions
Greetings kaise haiṃ? kaisī haiṃ? Variations: āp kaise haiṃ? āp kaisī haiṃ? Conversational Hindi often drops personal pronouns, while written Hindi doesn’t. In colloquial Hindi it is common to hear the grammatically incorrect expression āp kaise ho? Especially from Punjabi speakers, beacause it is a Punjabi form. The standard correct Hindi is āp kaise haiṃ , thus it’s better to stick to it, even if you are speaking with someone who uses that form.
Greetings kaise ho? kaisī ho? Variations: tum kaise ho? tum kaisī ho? The formal ā p haiṃ is safer to use with strangers, in case you can always switch to the informal tum ho if requested and if you feel comfortable with it, but avoid using it first as it might sound not very polite.
‘ How is it going?’ Greetings and other common expressions
Greetings ky ā h ā l hai? Literally: how is the situation? Variations: tumhāra/āpkā kyā hāl hai? tumhāre/āpke kyā hāl haiṃ? tumhāra/āpka kyā hālchāl hai? A very informal colloquial variation is kyā chal rahā hai?
‘ I’m fine!’ Greetings and other common expressions
by hindiboloblog.blogspot.com ‘ Thank you’ Greetings and other common expressions
Greetings dhanyav ā d shukriy ā dhanyav ā d derives from Sanskrit, while shukriy ā derives from Arabic through Urdu, thus it is used in more informal contexts. Anyway, in Hindi, the words for ‘thank you’ are not used as in English and other Western languages, because the use of polite forms already implies politeness. Such words are thus not used in everyday interaction, but when genuine gratitude has to be expressed.
Greetings and other common expressions ‘ Not at all’, ‘You are welcome’
Greetings ko ī b ā t nah ī ṃ Literally means: ‘it’s nothing’, this expression can also mean ‘there’s no problem’, ‘nevermind’. ( ā pk ā /tumh ā r ā ) sv ā gat hai , a corresponding expression for ‘you are welcome’ is also heard.
by hindiboloblog.blogspot.com Greetings and other common expressions ‘ Excuse me!’
by hindiboloblog.blogspot.com Greetings and other common expressions ‘ Sorry’
Greetings m ā f k ī jiye ksham ā k ī jiye In colloquial Hindi it is common to hear many Urdu words such as māf , while ‘purer’ forms of Sanskrit origin such as kshamā are preferred in a more formal context.
by hindiboloblog.blogspot.com Greetings and other common expressions ‘ Yes’
Greetings j ī h ā ṃ The words for ‘yes’ and ‘no’ are always followed by the respectful jī as alone they will denote a rude reply. Sometimes, ‘ jī hāṃ ’ is directly replaced by ‘ jī ’. A colloquial version is hāñjī , that can be used in a very informal context.
by hindiboloblog.blogspot.com Greetings and other common expressions ‘ No’