Individual differences ( Organizational Behaviour)

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Individual differences ( Organizational Behaviour)

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY:- ASHWYN RAO SNEHA RAMESH TUSHAR KHARATE VIPULA GANGURDE
  2. 2. Individual differences are the facts that make people different from each other. We all know that we are different from each other.. in many ways such as : our physical aspects, our likes, dislikes, interests, values, psychological makeup and the list goes on. In other words... the whole "Personality". No two people or animals can be THE SAME, they can only be similar. If there would be no individual differences there would be no quarrels and moreover.. there would be no Love too !! THE CONCEPT OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
  3. 3. THERE ARE VARIOUS FACTORS USED TO IDENTIFY INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES FEW OF THEM INCLUDE : • BIOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS: - AGE - GENDER - TENURE • ABILITY: - INTELLECTUAL ABILITIES: - PHYSICAL ABILITIES
  4. 4. AGE: • Relation between age and job performance • Effect of age on: - Turnover - Absenteeism - Productivity - Satisfaction
  5. 5. GENDER Men v/s Women • Job Performance • Psychological Studies -Women are more willing to conform to authority. -Men are more aggressive to have expectations of success. • Assumption -No significant difference in job productivity between men and women. • Preference of Work Schedules • Absence and Turnover Rates
  6. 6. TENURE • Seniority – Productivity Relationship -Impact of Seniority on Job Performance • Tenure and Absenteeism • Job Seniority and Job Attitude • Tenure and Turnover • Tenure and Satisfaction
  7. 7. An Ability is an individual’s capacity to perform the various task in a job. Contrary to what we were taught in school, we weren’t all created equal. Everyone has strengths & weaknesses in terms of ability that make him or her relatively superior or inferior to others in performing certain tasks or activities. An individual’s overall abilities are essentially made up of two sets of factors: • Intellectual Abilities. • Physical Abilities. ABILITY
  8. 8. PHYSICALABILITIES The capacity to do tasks demanding stamina, dexterity, strength, & similar characteristics comes under Physical Abilities. • Nine basic Physical Abilities: • Dynamic Strength. • Trunk Strength. • Static Strength. • Explosive Strength. • Extent Flexibility. • Dynamic Flexibility. • Body Coordination. • Balance. • Stamina.
  9. 9. INTELLECTUAL ABILITIES The capacity to do mental activities such as Thinking, reasoning, & problem solving comes under Intellectual Abilities. • Dimensions of Intellectual Ability: -Number Aptitude. -Verbal Comprehension. -Perceptual Speed. -Inductive Reasoning. -Deductive Reasoning. -Spatial Visualization. -Memory.
  10. 10. Conclusion There are various factors which talk about individual differences, but the biographical characteristics state what and how people are different from each other in terms of age, gender and tenure and there also are various studies which bring out contradicting ideas. The abilities help us understand the capabilities of different individuals. THANK YOU

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