Individual differences are the facts that
make people different from each other.
We all know that we are different from
each other.. in many ways such as : our
physical aspects, our likes, dislikes,
interests, values, psychological makeup
and the list goes on. In other words... the
No two people or animals can be THE
SAME, they can only be similar. If there
would be no individual differences there
would be no quarrels and moreover..
there would be no Love too !!
THE CONCEPT OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
THERE ARE VARIOUS FACTORS USED TO IDENTIFY
FEW OF THEM INCLUDE :
• BIOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS:
- INTELLECTUAL ABILITIES:
- PHYSICAL ABILITIES
• Relation between age and job performance
• Effect of age on:
Men v/s Women
• Job Performance
• Psychological Studies
-Women are more willing to conform to authority.
-Men are more aggressive to have expectations of success.
-No significant difference in job
productivity between men and women.
• Preference of Work Schedules
• Absence and Turnover Rates
• Seniority – Productivity Relationship
-Impact of Seniority on Job Performance
• Tenure and Absenteeism
• Job Seniority and Job Attitude
• Tenure and Turnover
• Tenure and Satisfaction
An Ability is an individual’s capacity to perform the various
task in a job. Contrary to what we were taught in school, we weren’t
all created equal. Everyone has strengths & weaknesses in terms of
ability that make him or her relatively superior or inferior to others in
performing certain tasks or activities.
An individual’s overall abilities are essentially made up of two sets of
• Intellectual Abilities.
• Physical Abilities.
The capacity to do tasks demanding stamina, dexterity, strength, &
similar characteristics comes under Physical Abilities.
• Nine basic Physical Abilities:
• Dynamic Strength.
• Trunk Strength.
• Static Strength.
• Explosive Strength.
• Extent Flexibility.
• Dynamic Flexibility.
• Body Coordination.
The capacity to do mental activities such as Thinking, reasoning, &
problem solving comes under Intellectual Abilities.
• Dimensions of Intellectual Ability:
There are various factors which talk about individual differences,
but the biographical characteristics state what and how people
are different from each other in terms of age, gender and tenure
and there also are various studies which bring out contradicting
The abilities help us understand the capabilities of different