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INDIGENOUS SYSTEM OF
MEDICINE:
 GENERAL OBJECTIVES
At the end of class student will be able to
discuss the indigenous system of medicine
appropriately
INDIGENOUS SYSTEM OF
MEDICINE:
 Introduction:
 An indigenous system is a natural form of medicine
outside the stream of Western or allopathic medicine
practiced by majority of doctors all over the world
today.
 These systems are Ayurveda, siddha, Unani, yoga
and homeopathy (AYUSH).
 The term “ Ayurveda” is derived
from two Sanskrit words , Ayur and
Veda
 Ayur means life and Veda means
knowledge or science.
 Therefore Ayurveda means science
of life or way of life.
Principles:
 The principle of Ayurveda is based on the concept of
five basic elements and tridoshas.
 According to Ayurveda, the whole universe made up
of five basic
elements (Panchamahabuthas)
Cont….
 The five elements are – Akasha (ether), Vayu (
air),Agni (fire), Jala (water), Prithvi (earth)
 The growth and development of body matrix
depends on its nutrition i.e. on food. The food, in
turn, is composed of above elements.
Diagnosis:
 Ayurveda diagnosis is done by questioning and
by undertaking 8 investigation including pulse,
urine, faces, tongue, eyes, visual/sensual
examination and inference.
Cont…
 Treatment:
 Treatment includes preventive and curative
measures.
 Preventive measures include personal hygiene,
regular daily routine, appropriate social behavior.
 The curative measures include three major
measures including aushadhi i.e. drugs, Anna i.e.
diets and vihar i.e. exercise and general mode of
life.
SIDDHA:
 Siddha is one of the oldest systems of medicine in
India.
 The siddha system is practiced in the state of Tamil
Nadu in India.
 Siddha system of medicine is an ancient science,
which belongs to Dravidian culture.
 Siddha system insists the scientific mode of life. Its
preliminary aim is prevention and preservation of
health.
Cont…
 The foremost Sridhar Lord Siva preached Siddha
medicine to his followers. They are called as
Sridhar’s.
 Then Siddha developed the system further and
called as Siddha system of medicine.
Diagnosis:
 The diagnosis of disease involves identify its
causes, causative factors are identified by
examination of pulse, eyes, color of body ,tongue
status of digestive system urine and study of
voice.
Cont…
 Treatment:
 The treatment is individualized according to
diagnosis in totality.
 Siddha medicines makes use of mercury ,silver
arsenic, lead sulphur etc. mineral plants and
animal parts.
 The siddha system is effective in treating chronic
cases of rheumatic problems, anemia, peptic
ulcer, bleeding piles, liver and skin diseases.
UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE:
 Unani name is derived from the word 'Ionian' which
originated in Greece.
 Unani medicine, like any other form of medical
science strives to find the best possible ways by
which a person can lead a healthy life with the least
or zero sickness.
 ORIGIN: Unani Medicine as a healing system was
founded by Hakim Ibn Sina.
 It was introduced in India around 10th century with
the spread of Islamic civilization.
 Now Unani-pathy has become a part of Indian
system of Medicine and India is one of the leading
countries so far as its practice is concerned.
Cont…..
Diagnosis:
 The diagnosis of a disease is done by feeling
pulse , observation of urine ,stool color of skin
and gait etc.
Cont…
Treatment:
 The treatment comprises of three components namely
preventive and curative it seeks the restoration of the
body as whole to its original state
 Treatment is carried out in the four form i.e.
regimental therapy, pharmaco therapy dieto therapy
and surgery.
 Regimental Therapy –
 It includes venesection, diaphoresis, diuresis,
Turkish bath, massage, cauterization, exercise and
leeching.
 These are the drugless therapies and are found to be
effective in treating diabetes, high blood pressure,
obesity, arthiritis and migraine etc.
Cont…
 Dietotherapy –
 It deals with certain ailments by
administration of specific diets or by regulating
the quantity and quality of food.
 Pharmacotherapy –
It deals with the use of naturally occurring
drugs mostly herbal drugs of animal and mineral
origin.
 The drugs are used singly or in the form of
infusion, powder and syrup
 Unani system of medicine specializes on
rheumatic arthritis, jaundice, filariasis, eczema,
sinusitis and bronchial asthma.
HOMEOPATHY
 Homeopathy = homois (similar) + pathos (suffering)
 Homeopathy is a specialized method of drug therapy
curing a natural disease by administration of drugs.
 Homeopathy began in the late 1700s, developed by
a German doctor named Samuel Hahnemann.
Cont….
 Treatment:
 Remedies used in homeopathy are derived from
naturally occurring substances such as plant
extract and minerals.
 Extremely low concentrations are prepared in
specific way.
 Homeopathy has definite and effective treatment
for chronic diseases such as diabetes, arthritis,
bronchial asthma, immunological disorder,
behavior disorder and mental disorder.
Cont…
 BENEFIT:
 flashcard
YOGA:
 Yoga is a science which helps to co-ordinate body and
mind more effectively.
 It promote maintain physical, social and spiritual health.
 It also helps in prevention and cure of various
psychosomatic disorders, psychic and physical disorder.
 Yoga is a way of life and consist of 8 components namely
restraints, observances of austerity, physical postures,
breathing exercise, restraining the sense organ ,
contemplation , meditation and Samadhi.
Cont….
 These yoga practices have potential for
improvement of personal and social behavior,
improvement of individual resistance and ability to
endure stressful situations.
 These needed to be learnt under supervision and
guidance.
NATUROPATHY :
 Naturopathy is not only a system of treatment but also a
way of life.
 It is often referred to as a drugless therapy .
 Special attention a is being given to eating habits using
only natural ,mostly uncooked food ( fruits and
vegetables, adoption of purificatory practices, use of
hydrotherapy ,cold-packs , mud-packs, bath massage
and variety of methods to tone up the system , increasing
energy level aimed at producing a state of good health
and happiness.
Cont…
 Naturopathy is holistic system and it helps
promote physical mental /emotional, social and
spiritual health by self regulation of life activities
on normal and natural basis .
 It requires real effort, will power and proper
discipline to follow naturopathy way of life.
Summary
 The Indian system of medicine as referred in
India covers system which originated in India as
well as from other countries and got assimilated
over the course of time. Today we discussed
regarding introduction of topic, Ayurveda, Unani,
siddha, yoga, homeopathy, naturopathy diagnosis
and treatment of indigenous system.
conclusion
The indigenous system systems are Ayurveda,
siddha, Unani, yoga and homeopathy (AYUSH).
.So I hope you will be able to implement this
knowledge and develop skills in the clinical
practice.
 assignment
Indigenous system of medicine

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Indigenous system of medicine

  • 2.  GENERAL OBJECTIVES At the end of class student will be able to discuss the indigenous system of medicine appropriately
  • 3. INDIGENOUS SYSTEM OF MEDICINE:  Introduction:  An indigenous system is a natural form of medicine outside the stream of Western or allopathic medicine practiced by majority of doctors all over the world today.  These systems are Ayurveda, siddha, Unani, yoga and homeopathy (AYUSH).
  • 4.  The term “ Ayurveda” is derived from two Sanskrit words , Ayur and Veda  Ayur means life and Veda means knowledge or science.  Therefore Ayurveda means science of life or way of life.
  • 5. Principles:  The principle of Ayurveda is based on the concept of five basic elements and tridoshas.  According to Ayurveda, the whole universe made up of five basic elements (Panchamahabuthas)
  • 6. Cont….  The five elements are – Akasha (ether), Vayu ( air),Agni (fire), Jala (water), Prithvi (earth)  The growth and development of body matrix depends on its nutrition i.e. on food. The food, in turn, is composed of above elements.
  • 7. Diagnosis:  Ayurveda diagnosis is done by questioning and by undertaking 8 investigation including pulse, urine, faces, tongue, eyes, visual/sensual examination and inference.
  • 8. Cont…  Treatment:  Treatment includes preventive and curative measures.  Preventive measures include personal hygiene, regular daily routine, appropriate social behavior.  The curative measures include three major measures including aushadhi i.e. drugs, Anna i.e. diets and vihar i.e. exercise and general mode of life.
  • 9. SIDDHA:  Siddha is one of the oldest systems of medicine in India.  The siddha system is practiced in the state of Tamil Nadu in India.  Siddha system of medicine is an ancient science, which belongs to Dravidian culture.  Siddha system insists the scientific mode of life. Its preliminary aim is prevention and preservation of health.
  • 10. Cont…  The foremost Sridhar Lord Siva preached Siddha medicine to his followers. They are called as Sridhar’s.  Then Siddha developed the system further and called as Siddha system of medicine.
  • 11. Diagnosis:  The diagnosis of disease involves identify its causes, causative factors are identified by examination of pulse, eyes, color of body ,tongue status of digestive system urine and study of voice.
  • 12. Cont…  Treatment:  The treatment is individualized according to diagnosis in totality.  Siddha medicines makes use of mercury ,silver arsenic, lead sulphur etc. mineral plants and animal parts.  The siddha system is effective in treating chronic cases of rheumatic problems, anemia, peptic ulcer, bleeding piles, liver and skin diseases.
  • 13. UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE:  Unani name is derived from the word 'Ionian' which originated in Greece.  Unani medicine, like any other form of medical science strives to find the best possible ways by which a person can lead a healthy life with the least or zero sickness.  ORIGIN: Unani Medicine as a healing system was founded by Hakim Ibn Sina.  It was introduced in India around 10th century with the spread of Islamic civilization.  Now Unani-pathy has become a part of Indian system of Medicine and India is one of the leading countries so far as its practice is concerned.
  • 14. Cont….. Diagnosis:  The diagnosis of a disease is done by feeling pulse , observation of urine ,stool color of skin and gait etc.
  • 15. Cont… Treatment:  The treatment comprises of three components namely preventive and curative it seeks the restoration of the body as whole to its original state  Treatment is carried out in the four form i.e. regimental therapy, pharmaco therapy dieto therapy and surgery.  Regimental Therapy –  It includes venesection, diaphoresis, diuresis, Turkish bath, massage, cauterization, exercise and leeching.  These are the drugless therapies and are found to be effective in treating diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, arthiritis and migraine etc.
  • 16. Cont…  Dietotherapy –  It deals with certain ailments by administration of specific diets or by regulating the quantity and quality of food.  Pharmacotherapy – It deals with the use of naturally occurring drugs mostly herbal drugs of animal and mineral origin.  The drugs are used singly or in the form of infusion, powder and syrup  Unani system of medicine specializes on rheumatic arthritis, jaundice, filariasis, eczema, sinusitis and bronchial asthma.
  • 17. HOMEOPATHY  Homeopathy = homois (similar) + pathos (suffering)  Homeopathy is a specialized method of drug therapy curing a natural disease by administration of drugs.  Homeopathy began in the late 1700s, developed by a German doctor named Samuel Hahnemann.
  • 18. Cont….  Treatment:  Remedies used in homeopathy are derived from naturally occurring substances such as plant extract and minerals.  Extremely low concentrations are prepared in specific way.  Homeopathy has definite and effective treatment for chronic diseases such as diabetes, arthritis, bronchial asthma, immunological disorder, behavior disorder and mental disorder.
  • 20. YOGA:  Yoga is a science which helps to co-ordinate body and mind more effectively.  It promote maintain physical, social and spiritual health.  It also helps in prevention and cure of various psychosomatic disorders, psychic and physical disorder.  Yoga is a way of life and consist of 8 components namely restraints, observances of austerity, physical postures, breathing exercise, restraining the sense organ , contemplation , meditation and Samadhi.
  • 21. Cont….  These yoga practices have potential for improvement of personal and social behavior, improvement of individual resistance and ability to endure stressful situations.  These needed to be learnt under supervision and guidance.
  • 22. NATUROPATHY :  Naturopathy is not only a system of treatment but also a way of life.  It is often referred to as a drugless therapy .  Special attention a is being given to eating habits using only natural ,mostly uncooked food ( fruits and vegetables, adoption of purificatory practices, use of hydrotherapy ,cold-packs , mud-packs, bath massage and variety of methods to tone up the system , increasing energy level aimed at producing a state of good health and happiness.
  • 23. Cont…  Naturopathy is holistic system and it helps promote physical mental /emotional, social and spiritual health by self regulation of life activities on normal and natural basis .  It requires real effort, will power and proper discipline to follow naturopathy way of life.
  • 24. Summary  The Indian system of medicine as referred in India covers system which originated in India as well as from other countries and got assimilated over the course of time. Today we discussed regarding introduction of topic, Ayurveda, Unani, siddha, yoga, homeopathy, naturopathy diagnosis and treatment of indigenous system.
  • 25. conclusion The indigenous system systems are Ayurveda, siddha, Unani, yoga and homeopathy (AYUSH). .So I hope you will be able to implement this knowledge and develop skills in the clinical practice.