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Com120 09 stages_13ed part 2

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Com120 09 stages_13ed part 2

  1. 1. Ch 9: Interpersonal Relationships Stages Theories Communication
  2. 2. Theories Attraction Rules Relationship dialectics Social penetration Social Exchange Equity
  3. 3. Attraction theory Major factors influence “Attraction” • Similarity • Proximity • Reinforcement • Attractiveness: Physical & Personality • Status • Reciprocity
  4. 4. Rules Theory Relationships are governed by rules. When these are broken, the relationship experiences deterioration and possible dissolution. ◦ Friendship ◦ Romantic ◦ Family
  5. 5. Relationship Dialectics theory In any relationship, there are natural ongoing tensions within certain areas: ◦ Closedness vs openness ◦ Autonomy vs connection ◦ Novelty vs predictability
  6. 6. ClosednessOpenness
  7. 7. ConnectionAutonomy
  8. 8. PredictabilityNovelty
  9. 9. Social Penetration Theory As you progress in developing a relationship, social penetration is likely to increase. As intimacy increases, breadth and depth of conversations increase.
  10. 10. Breadth Topic Topic one two Topic three
  11. 11. Depth Very personal Less personal Not personal
  12. 12. Depth Intimate Involvement Contact
  13. 13. Social Penetration Theory This theory works in reverse as well. What does that mean?
  14. 14. Social Exchange Social Exchange: we develop social relationships that allow us to maximize “profit” ◦ Comparison level ◦ Comparison level for alternatives
  15. 15. Equity theory Similar to Social Exchange We develop and maintain relationships that seem “equal” – our ratio of rewards to costs is equal to the other’s.
  16. 16. Theories Attraction Rules Relationship dialectics Social penetration Social Exchange Equity

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