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Self and PerceptionChapter 3
TopicsSelf ConceptSelf AwarenessStages of perception“Impression Formation processes” ◦ Barriers to effective perceptio...
Self ConceptHow   you see yourself
Sources of Self ConceptOthers’  images of youSocial comparisonCultural teachingsYour interpretations and evaluations
Self AwarenessThe extent to which you know yourselfJohari Model ◦   Open self ◦   Blind self ◦   Hidden self ◦   Unknown...
Self EsteemWhat is Self Esteem?Ways to improve self-esteem
Increasing Self AwarenessAsk  yourselfListen to othersSeek informationSee your different selvesIncrease your open self
PerceptionStagesImpression formationImpression management
Perception StagesStimulationOrganizationInterpretation   / EvaluationMemoryRecall
1. StimulationSensing stageSelective Perception: Cannot process everything in the environment ◦ Selective Attention ◦ Se...
2. OrganizationOrganize    information sensedRules ◦ Proximity ◦ Similarity ◦ ContrastSchemataScripts   – Schema focus...
3. InterpretationGive meaning to what you have sensedMeaning will be based on how information was organized
4. MemoryExperiencewill enter our memory based on how we have interpreted the event.
5. RecallRemembering     the event laterRecall will be consistent with previous stagesMay add or subtract information t...
“Impression Formation Processes”Self-fulfilling              ProphecyImplicit Personality TheoryPerceptual Accentuation...
Self-fulfilling   prophecy:  ◦ We make predictions about our    communication outcomes  ◦ However, we also influence thos...
Implicit   Personality Theory: ◦ We use observations of others to draw   conclusions ◦ (Similar to stereotyping, but base...
Perceptual   Accentuation ◦ We perceive what we expect (or want) to   observe instead of what actually occurs
Primacy   vs Recency ◦ First impressions strongly influence later   interactions ◦ More recent impressions may cause us t...
Consistency ◦ We expect consistency in events and   relationships
Attribution: ◦ Our attempts to determine motivation for   behaviorsErrors: ◦ Self-serving Bias ◦ Overattribution ◦ Funda...
Increasing AccuracyPerception   checking ◦ Describe what you observe   What did you see / hear?   Concrete terms ◦ Ask ...
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Com120 03 perception_13ed-1

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Com120 03 perception_13ed-1

  1. 1. Self and PerceptionChapter 3
  2. 2. TopicsSelf ConceptSelf AwarenessStages of perception“Impression Formation processes” ◦ Barriers to effective perceptionIncreasing accuracy in perception
  3. 3. Self ConceptHow you see yourself
  4. 4. Sources of Self ConceptOthers’ images of youSocial comparisonCultural teachingsYour interpretations and evaluations
  5. 5. Self AwarenessThe extent to which you know yourselfJohari Model ◦ Open self ◦ Blind self ◦ Hidden self ◦ Unknown self
  6. 6. Self EsteemWhat is Self Esteem?Ways to improve self-esteem
  7. 7. Increasing Self AwarenessAsk yourselfListen to othersSeek informationSee your different selvesIncrease your open self
  8. 8. PerceptionStagesImpression formationImpression management
  9. 9. Perception StagesStimulationOrganizationInterpretation / EvaluationMemoryRecall
  10. 10. 1. StimulationSensing stageSelective Perception: Cannot process everything in the environment ◦ Selective Attention ◦ Selective Exposure
  11. 11. 2. OrganizationOrganize information sensedRules ◦ Proximity ◦ Similarity ◦ ContrastSchemataScripts – Schema focused on an event
  12. 12. 3. InterpretationGive meaning to what you have sensedMeaning will be based on how information was organized
  13. 13. 4. MemoryExperiencewill enter our memory based on how we have interpreted the event.
  14. 14. 5. RecallRemembering the event laterRecall will be consistent with previous stagesMay add or subtract information to fit our expectations (rules, schema)
  15. 15. “Impression Formation Processes”Self-fulfilling ProphecyImplicit Personality TheoryPerceptual AccentuationPrimacy vs RecencyConsistencyAttribution of Control
  16. 16. Self-fulfilling prophecy: ◦ We make predictions about our communication outcomes ◦ However, we also influence those outcomes with our behaviors ◦ We then use this outcome to “prove our point”
  17. 17. Implicit Personality Theory: ◦ We use observations of others to draw conclusions ◦ (Similar to stereotyping, but based on personality traits, not group identity)
  18. 18. Perceptual Accentuation ◦ We perceive what we expect (or want) to observe instead of what actually occurs
  19. 19. Primacy vs Recency ◦ First impressions strongly influence later interactions ◦ More recent impressions may cause us to reinterpret our perception
  20. 20. Consistency ◦ We expect consistency in events and relationships
  21. 21. Attribution: ◦ Our attempts to determine motivation for behaviorsErrors: ◦ Self-serving Bias ◦ Overattribution ◦ Fundamental Attribution Error
  22. 22. Increasing AccuracyPerception checking ◦ Describe what you observe  What did you see / hear?  Concrete terms ◦ Ask for confirmation of your perception  Do not tell, ASK

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