Content Based Instruction and Whole Language Approach


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Content Based Instruction and Whole Language Approach

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Content Based Instruction and Whole Language Approach

  1. 1. Content Based Instruction and Whole Language Approach Presented by Sema KIR 2013, Turkey
  2. 2. Outline 1. Content-Based Instructions • Immersion Education • Adjunt Model • Sheltered Language Instructions • Competency Based Instructions 2. Whole Language Approach • Process Writing Product-Oriented Writing • Journal Keeping • Top Down Bottom Up
  3. 3. Content - Based Instruction (CIB)  Content-Based Instruction (CBI) is a teaching method that emphasizes “learning about something” rather than “learning about language.”  The priority is given a predetermined linguistics content.  The medium of instructions is L2.  “Two birds with only one stone”
  4. 4. Although CBI is not new, there has been an increased interest in it over the last ten years, particularly in the USA and Canada. This interest has now spread to classrooms around the world.  Teachers are discovering that their students like CBI and are excited to learn English this way.
  5. 5. Immersion Education •An academic subjects are learned through the medium of foreign language. •The entire school cirriculum is given through a foreign language. •All subject matters are given in foreign language. •The first immersion teaching is used in Canada.
  6. 6. Adjunct Model The Adjunct Model is first used to study non- native speakers in Canada. The aim of that method is to prepare students for “mainstream” classes where they will join English L1 learners. In that method, students enroll in a regular academic course .  In addition, they take a language course that is linked to the academic course.
  7. 7. They may also feature study skills sessions to familiarize the students with listening, note taking and skimming and scanning texts. Some adjunt classes are taught during the summer months before regular college classes begin.
  8. 8.  Two teacher should work together to give instructions in a specific subject. A Content Teacher A Language Teacher • The teacher deal with the academic subject. • She lecture about the content. • The english teacher check that the studens understood the important words by reviewing them later.
  9. 9. Sheltered Language Instructions Sheltered CBI is called “sheltered” because learners are given special assistance to help them understand regular classes. Both native speakers and non-native speakers are in the same class. Non-native speakers are sheltered. They should be given some language course extra. Not to postpone non-native speakers academic career.
  10. 10. Competency Based Instruction Competecy Based Instructions was developed for adult immigrants. It offers students an opportunity to develop their second language skills at the same time they are learning vital “life-coping” or “survival” skills.
  11. 11. Whole Language Approach  The Whole Language Approach calls for language to be regarded holistically, rather than as pieces, i.e the vocabulary words, grammar structures and pronunciation points.  It was used to teach native speaker, later it was used to teach others.
  12. 12. “Top down” “Bottom-up” Students are working to understand the meaning of whole texts. Students are learning language piece by piece.
  13. 13. Process Writing Students may initially brainstorm ideas about a topic and begin writing, but then they repeated conferences with the teacher. The students can make revisions based on the feedback they receive, and carry on writing. Pruduct-Oriented Writing The Teacher and The Students do a bit of brainstorm about the topic during a pre- writing phase and then studens write about the topic without interruption. Then The Teacher collect and evaluate what students have written.
  14. 14. Journal Writing It is a technique that is widely practiced in Whole Language Approach. Journals are used varies, but essentially it involves students writing in class or for homework regularly, perhaps after each class or once a week. Students may write down their feelings about the course, their desires to learn or they might also be on anything that they wishes to communicate to the teacher. The teacher reads the students journal entry and write a response to it, but does not correct its form.