Content Based Instruction and Whole Language Approach
Content Based Instruction
Whole Language Approach
Presented by Sema KIR
1. Content-Based Instructions
• Immersion Education
• Adjunt Model
• Sheltered Language Instructions
• Competency Based Instructions
2. Whole Language Approach
• Process Writing Product-Oriented Writing
• Journal Keeping
• Top Down Bottom Up
Content - Based Instruction (CIB)
Content-Based Instruction (CBI) is a teaching
method that emphasizes “learning about
something” rather than “learning about
The priority is given a predetermined
The medium of instructions is L2.
“Two birds with only one stone”
Although CBI is not new, there has
been an increased interest in it over the
last ten years, particularly in the USA and
This interest has now spread to
classrooms around the world.
Teachers are discovering that their
students like CBI and are excited to learn
English this way.
•An academic subjects are learned
through the medium of foreign
•The entire school cirriculum is given
through a foreign language.
•All subject matters are given in foreign
•The first immersion teaching is used in
The Adjunct Model is first used to study non-
native speakers in Canada.
The aim of that method is to prepare
students for “mainstream” classes where they
will join English L1 learners.
In that method, students enroll in a regular
academic course .
In addition, they take a language course
that is linked to the academic course.
They may also feature study skills sessions to familiarize
the students with listening, note taking and skimming and
Some adjunt classes are taught during the summer
months before regular college classes begin.
Two teacher should work together to give instructions
in a specific subject.
A Content Teacher
A Language Teacher
• The teacher deal with the academic subject.
• She lecture about the content.
• The english teacher check that the studens
understood the important words by
reviewing them later.
Sheltered Language Instructions
Sheltered CBI is called “sheltered” because learners are given
special assistance to help them understand regular classes.
Both native speakers and non-native speakers are in the same
Non-native speakers are sheltered.
They should be given some language course extra.
Not to postpone non-native speakers academic career.
Competency Based Instruction
Competecy Based Instructions was
developed for adult immigrants.
It offers students an opportunity to
develop their second language skills at
the same time they are learning vital
“life-coping” or “survival” skills.
Whole Language Approach
The Whole Language Approach calls for
language to be regarded holistically, rather than
as pieces, i.e the vocabulary words, grammar
structures and pronunciation points.
It was used to teach native speaker, later it
was used to teach others.
“Top down” “Bottom-up”
Students are working to
understand the meaning
of whole texts.
Students are learning
language piece by piece.
Students may initially brainstorm ideas
about a topic and begin writing, but then
they repeated conferences with the teacher.
The students can make revisions based on
the feedback they receive, and carry on
The Teacher and The Students do a bit of
brainstorm about the topic during a pre-
writing phase and then studens write about
the topic without interruption.
Then The Teacher collect and evaluate what
students have written.
It is a technique that is widely practiced in
Whole Language Approach.
Journals are used varies, but essentially it
involves students writing in class or for
homework regularly, perhaps after each class or
once a week.
Students may write down their feelings about
the course, their desires to learn or they might
also be on anything that they wishes to
communicate to the teacher.
The teacher reads the students journal entry
and write a response to it, but does not correct