DRYJECT
Injecting Profile Porous Ceramic Greens Grade
Inject and Amend in One Pass
 
<ul><li>●  Minimal SURFACE Disruption </li></ul><ul><li>●  Fracturing & Shattering Around and Between Holes. </li></ul>Cor...
Aquaphix Training Module
Aquaphix Training Module Summary <ul><li>Discuss soil pH </li></ul><ul><li>What is Aquaphix? </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss soi...
Alkaline Soils <ul><li>pH above 7.3 negatively affect plant health in two ways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High  pH  reduces nut...
pH Affects Nutrient Uptake 6.3 – 7.3 is the sweet spot for optimal nutrient availability, uptake and ultimately plant heal...
Pink, Purple and Green, a new Market   Irrigation water is primary source of bicarbonate and salt issues At the right you ...
<ul><li>Bicarbonate increases sodium build up in soils by precipitating calcium and magnesium as carbonate, which have ext...
How are alkaline soils treated? <ul><li>Current Practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sulfur is added to the soil </li></ul></ul...
<ul><li>Provides a safe and effective way to maintain proper pH in the root zone and manage bicarbonates and sodium </li><...
Aqua-pHix™ Product Characteristics <ul><li>Proprietary liquid formulation of self-buffering, chelated organic & inorganic ...
Soil Structure & Chemistry Overview
Soil clay particles can be unattached to one another ( dispersed ) or clumped together ( flocculated ) in aggregates.  Soi...
Flocculation is important because water moves mostly in large pores between aggregates.  Also, plant roots grow mainly bet...
In all but the sandiest soils, dispersed clays plug soil pores and impede water infiltration and soil drainage.
Most clay particles have a negative electrical charge.  Like charges repel, so clay particles repel one another. Negativel...
A cation is a positively charged molecule.  Common soil cations include sodium (Na + ), potassium (K + ), magnesium (Mg 2+...
Flocculating Cations <ul><li>We can divide cations into two categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor flocculators </li></ul><...
Sodium Adsorption Ratio <ul><li>The ratio of ‘bad’ to ‘good’ flocculators gives an indication of the relative status of th...
Ca 2+  and Mg 2+ Na + SAR Aggregate stability (dispersion and flocculation) depends on the balance (SAR) between (Ca 2+  a...
Na + SAR Soil particles will flocculate if concentrations of (Ca 2+  + Mg 2+ ) are increased relative to the concentration...
Na + SAR Ca 2+  and Mg 2+ Soil particles will disperse if concentrations of (Ca 2+  + Mg 2+ ) are decreased relative to th...
Soil particles may disperse if the amount of soluble salts in the soil is decreased (i.e. if EC is decreased). Ca 2+  and ...
Soils can be classified by the amount of soluble salts (EC) and sodium status (SAR).  This classification can tell us some...
Observe your soil -  sodic soils often crack when dry
Na + SAR Increasing  soluble  calcium improves aggregate stability in soils with poor structure.  Flocculated soil Dispers...
pH? > 7 yes Ca + Mg < HCO3? No Problem < 7 Gypsum From soil or added Aqua-pHix No Problem Sodium? yes No No Problem No
165.76 730.88 (TDS) Salt Concentration 12.33 1.13 54.36 (S04) Sulfur as 38.10 4.74 167.99 (Cl) Chloride 0.00 (OH) Hydroxid...
<ul><li>Maximizes plant establishment and density </li></ul><ul><li>Immediately begins to decrease pH of soil solution </l...
<ul><li>Packaging and Pricing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50# bag, 40 per 1 ton pallet -  Granular Bag </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ap...
<ul><li>Packaging  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 – 2.5 gal jugs per case  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Application  </li></ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Packaging - 2 – 2.5 gal jugs per case </li></ul><ul><li>MSDS and technical information available on  www.profilepr...
<ul><li>Packaging and Pricing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>55 gal barrel -  Fertigation Label </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Application ...
Injection  <ul><li>Irrigation system maintenance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inject once per month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ad...
<ul><li>Aqua-pHix has been proven safe and effective through multiple research and test trials: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effi...
<ul><li>Turf Diagnostics – Product Efficacy  </li></ul><ul><li>A .5 % solution of Aqua-pHix was prepared by diluting Aqua-...
Turf Diagnostics
Turf Diagnostics
Profile/Aqua-pHix DryJect Trial Grapevine G C <ul><li>Aqua-phix was impregnated on Greens Grade Profile at 18 gallons per ...
<ul><li>Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Four 6” diameter cores 3” deep were pulled.  </li></ul><ul><li>Aqua-pHix was applied a...
60% Reduction
75% Reduction
52 % Reduction
Your Trusted Partners  in Soil Solutions ™ 1-800-207-6457 www.profileproducts.com Thank you!
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Dry Ject And Aqua P Hix Presentation

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Using DryJect with Profile to greatly reduce sodium and bicarbonate issue in soil.

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  • Minimal disruption with maximum root zone modification.
  • Any area on the map that is pink, purple or green represents an area of potential use for the acid/ Profile. It’s not totally accurate but does give an idea of the problem. The possibility of using a product to target problem areas allows everyone to take advantage of the technology.
  • Chelation (from Greek χηλή, chelè , meaning claw; pronounced [ˌki:ˈleɪʃən]) is the binding or complexation of a bi- or multidentate ligand . These ligands, which are often organic compounds , are called chelants, chelators, chelating agents, or sequestering agent . The ligand forms a chelate complex with the substrate. The term is reserved for complexes in which the metal ion is bound to two or more atoms of the chelating agent, although the bonds may be any combination of coordination or ionic bonds .
  • In A horizons, where organic matter levels are high and there is a lot of biological activity (earthworms, ants, termites, microbes, etc.) particles tend to be arranged in small, round aggregates or granules. This type of structure is common in the surface horizons of many forest and prairie soils
  • In A horizons, where organic matter levels are high and there is a lot of biological activity (earthworms, ants, termites, microbes, etc.) particles tend to be arranged in small, round aggregates or granules. This type of structure is common in the surface horizons of many forest and prairie soils
  • Here is a schematic diagram of a negatively charged clay particle surrounded by cations. The soil liquid (soil solution) contains dissolved cations and anions. The concentration of cations is much greater close to the particle surface than in the bulk soil solution. The cations are not bonded to the clay, but just attracted to the surface. Conversely anions are repelled by negatively charged clays, so the concentration of anions is greater in the bulk soil solution than close to a clay particle.
  • Here is a schematic diagram of a negatively charged clay particle surrounded by cations. The soil liquid (soil solution) contains dissolved cations and anions. The concentration of cations is much greater close to the particle surface than in the bulk soil solution. The cations are not bonded to the clay, but just attracted to the surface. Conversely anions are repelled by negatively charged clays, so the concentration of anions is greater in the bulk soil solution than close to a clay particle.
  • The treated water dropped to 5.98 initially then rose to 6.51pH after 2 flushes.
  • Salts are expressed in micromhos per centimeters. 1000 micromhos = 1 millimhos. 1 millimhos x 640 = ppm TDS. ( parts per million Total dissolved solids ). The data shows the initial flush with treated water released 1280 umhos/cm or 819 ppm salts. Subsequent flushes with untreated water show the salt level building back to the natural level of the water.
  • The expected result would be a decrease in soil salt levels and a corresponding increase in leachate salts. This is exactly what happened in three replications
  • 52% reduction
  • Dry Ject And Aqua P Hix Presentation

    1. 1. DRYJECT
    2. 2. Injecting Profile Porous Ceramic Greens Grade
    3. 3. Inject and Amend in One Pass
    4. 5. <ul><li>● Minimal SURFACE Disruption </li></ul><ul><li>● Fracturing & Shattering Around and Between Holes. </li></ul>Core Aerifier Hole DryJect Holes
    5. 6. Aquaphix Training Module
    6. 7. Aquaphix Training Module Summary <ul><li>Discuss soil pH </li></ul><ul><li>What is Aquaphix? </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss soil structure, bicarbonates & salts </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaphix Product Line – review literature </li></ul><ul><li>Research & data </li></ul>
    7. 8. Alkaline Soils <ul><li>pH above 7.3 negatively affect plant health in two ways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High pH reduces nutrient availability and uptake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Associated bicarbonate and salt build up reduce water infiltration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alkalinity is typically caused by the natural soil or the irrigation water source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effluent or hard water brings alkalinity, bicarbonates and salts far beyond what natural soil flushing can deter </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. pH Affects Nutrient Uptake 6.3 – 7.3 is the sweet spot for optimal nutrient availability, uptake and ultimately plant health As you can see in the chart, Nutrient availability tapers off according to pH levels
    9. 10. Pink, Purple and Green, a new Market Irrigation water is primary source of bicarbonate and salt issues At the right you can see that hard water is an issue across most of the US. pH and bicarbonate issues occur even in yellow areas and are based on local conditions Basics of Bicarbonate and Salts
    10. 11. <ul><li>Bicarbonate increases sodium build up in soils by precipitating calcium and magnesium as carbonate, which have extremely low solubility. </li></ul><ul><li>As Ca and Mg are tied up, Na accumulates in soil causing sealing and poor water infiltration to occur. </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement is accomplished either by the increase of calcium or the decrease of bicarbonate. </li></ul><ul><li>When water causes soil permeability problems, the water can be improved by the addition of amendments. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amendments do not have to be added directly to the water, but can be applied to soil on which the water is to be used. </li></ul></ul>Basics of Bicarbonate and Salts
    11. 12. How are alkaline soils treated? <ul><li>Current Practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sulfur is added to the soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Converted to sulfuric acid by biological activity in soil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acid injection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urea/sulfuric acid blend injected into the irrigation system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sulfur burners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sulfur is burned and fumes scrubbed with water to form sulfurous acid </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>Provides a safe and effective way to maintain proper pH in the root zone and manage bicarbonates and sodium </li></ul><ul><li>Aqua-pHix products are non-corrosive, safe around people and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Can apply only where needed </li></ul>Aqua-pHix
    13. 14. Aqua-pHix™ Product Characteristics <ul><li>Proprietary liquid formulation of self-buffering, chelated organic & inorganic acids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blend of Hydrochloric, Phosphoric, Oxalic and Citric acids </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-hazardous & non-corrosive </li></ul><ul><li>Effective for 3-6 months </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Precipitation dependent </li></ul></ul>
    14. 15. Soil Structure & Chemistry Overview
    15. 16. Soil clay particles can be unattached to one another ( dispersed ) or clumped together ( flocculated ) in aggregates. Soil aggregates are cemented clusters of sand, silt, and clay particles. Dispersed Particles Flocculated Particles
    16. 17. Flocculation is important because water moves mostly in large pores between aggregates. Also, plant roots grow mainly between aggregates.
    17. 18. In all but the sandiest soils, dispersed clays plug soil pores and impede water infiltration and soil drainage.
    18. 19. Most clay particles have a negative electrical charge. Like charges repel, so clay particles repel one another. Negatively charged clay particle Negatively charged clay particle
    19. 20. A cation is a positively charged molecule. Common soil cations include sodium (Na + ), potassium (K + ), magnesium (Mg 2+ ), and calcium (Ca 2+ ). Cations can make clay particles stick together (flocculate). Negatively charged clay particle Negatively charged clay particle +
    20. 21. Flocculating Cations <ul><li>We can divide cations into two categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor flocculators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sodium </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good flocculators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Calcium </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Magnesium </li></ul></ul></ul>Sumner and Naidu, 1998 Calcium Magnesium Potassium Sodium 43.0 Ca 2+ 27.0 Mg 2+ 1.7 K + 1.0 Na + Relative Flocculating Power Ion
    21. 22. Sodium Adsorption Ratio <ul><li>The ratio of ‘bad’ to ‘good’ flocculators gives an indication of the relative status of these cations: </li></ul>Na + Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ Mathematically, this is expressed as the ‘sodium adsorption ratio’ or SAR: where concentrations are expressed in mmoles/L + + + + + + + ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ SAR = [Na + ] [Ca 2+ ] + [Mg 2+ ]
    22. 23. Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ Na + SAR Aggregate stability (dispersion and flocculation) depends on the balance (SAR) between (Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ ) and Na + as well as the amount of soluble salts (EC) in the soil. EC Flocculated soil Dispersed soil ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ + + + + + ++ ++ + + Lower EC Higher EC
    23. 24. Na + SAR Soil particles will flocculate if concentrations of (Ca 2+ + Mg 2+ ) are increased relative to the concentration of Na + (SAR is decreased). Flocculated soil Dispersed soil Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ EC + + + ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
    24. 25. Na + SAR Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ Soil particles will disperse if concentrations of (Ca 2+ + Mg 2+ ) are decreased relative to the concentration of Na + (SAR is increased). EC Flocculated soil Dispersed soil + + + ++ ++ ++ + + + +
    25. 26. Soil particles may disperse if the amount of soluble salts in the soil is decreased (i.e. if EC is decreased). Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ Na + SAR Lower EC Higher EC EC Flocculated soil Dispersed soil ++ ++ ++ + + +
    26. 27. Soils can be classified by the amount of soluble salts (EC) and sodium status (SAR). This classification can tell us something about soil structure. >4 <4 >4 <4 EC Flocculated >13 Saline-Sodic Dispersed >13 Sodic Flocculated <13 Saline Flocculated <13 Normal Condition SAR Soil Classification
    27. 28. Observe your soil - sodic soils often crack when dry
    28. 29. Na + SAR Increasing soluble calcium improves aggregate stability in soils with poor structure. Flocculated soil Dispersed soil Ca 2+ ++ ++ Gypsum CaSO 4 SO 4 2- EC + + + ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
    29. 30. pH? > 7 yes Ca + Mg < HCO3? No Problem < 7 Gypsum From soil or added Aqua-pHix No Problem Sodium? yes No No Problem No
    30. 31. 165.76 730.88 (TDS) Salt Concentration 12.33 1.13 54.36 (S04) Sulfur as 38.10 4.74 167.99 (Cl) Chloride 0.00 (OH) Hydroxide 75.08 5.43 331.06 (HCO3) Bicarbonate 0.00 (CO3) Carbonate 61.54 271.32 (CaCO3) Total Alkalinity 0.09 0.42 (Fe) Iron 25.90 4.96 114.19 (Na) Sodium 4.28 0.48 18.85 (K) Potassium 3.82 1.38 16.83 (Mg) Magnesium 20.20 4.45 89.09 (Ca) Calcium lbs/ac in meq/l (ppm) 7.84 292.48 17.10 1.14 2.91 6.40 7.20 -0.40 pH Hardness ( ppm ) Hardness (grains/gal) Conductivity (mmhos/cm) Sodium Adsorp. Ratio Adjusted SAR pHc Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC)
    31. 32. <ul><li>Maximizes plant establishment and density </li></ul><ul><li>Immediately begins to decrease pH of soil solution </li></ul><ul><li>Dissolves bicarbonate & displaces sodium </li></ul><ul><li>Improves nutrient availability </li></ul><ul><li>Improves water penetration </li></ul><ul><li>Loosens soil for increased root activity </li></ul><ul><li>Safe for people, animals, plants & equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Assists vegetative establishment in calcareous saline soils </li></ul>Aqua-pHix™ Benefits
    32. 33. <ul><li>Packaging and Pricing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50# bag, 40 per 1 ton pallet - Granular Bag </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Application – 2 options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top-dress - Monthly applications for consistent management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>See sell sheet for rate chart </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spread evenly across surface, irrigation flush the green to activate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aeration - Applied once for longer term fix (months) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>200# per 1000 sq. ft. per application </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May be mixed with sand </li></ul></ul></ul>Granular Formula
    33. 34. <ul><li>Packaging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 – 2.5 gal jugs per case </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 – 8 gal per acre per month typically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always use with salt flush programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain dilution ratio of 25:1 H2O:product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Load and apply as with other spray products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Hazardous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains no Nitrogen or Sulfur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent spray buffer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust tank solution to 5.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not use with JumpStart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not tank mix with pesticides, fertilizers and/or JumpStart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aqua-pHix will not harm sprayer parts including copper, brass and aluminum except where zinc is present (diluted won’t harm zinc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow newly seeded areas to establish prior to applying </li></ul></ul>Spray Formula
    34. 35. <ul><li>Packaging - 2 – 2.5 gal jugs per case </li></ul><ul><li>MSDS and technical information available on www.profileproducts.com </li></ul>Aqua-pHix™ Specs <ul><li>Application Rates </li></ul>
    35. 36. <ul><li>Packaging and Pricing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>55 gal barrel - Fertigation Label </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monthly soil flush </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inject into Fertigation system similarly to other products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aqua-pHix will not harm irrigation parts including copper, brass and aluminum </li></ul></ul>Fertigation Formula
    36. 37. Injection <ul><li>Irrigation system maintenance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inject once per month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust water to 4.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep in irrigation system 24 hours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flush cycle aid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corrosivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volume determined by water test or pH meter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assume 1 gal/ 10,000 gal H2O </li></ul></ul>
    37. 38. <ul><li>Aqua-pHix has been proven safe and effective through multiple research and test trials: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficacy – Turf Diagnostics laboratory testing of Hydro Formula on test cores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>81% reduction in salt ppm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>pH 7.8 reduced to 6.23 (average of 3 plots) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficacy – Brookside labs tested Aqua-pHix Granular for long term acid release at Grapevine TX, golf course trial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>60% reduction in soluble salts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>75% reduction in bicarbonates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>52% reduction in sodium </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>37% reduction in soil test sodium </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>77% reduction in sulfur </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phytotoxicity – 3 rd party testing commissioned by manufacturer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did not cause turf burn at 2.5 times maximum recommended rate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For more specific information on testing, click here </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aqua-pHix Testing Info </li></ul></ul>Aqua-pHix™ Research
    38. 39. <ul><li>Turf Diagnostics – Product Efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>A .5 % solution of Aqua-pHix was prepared by diluting Aqua-pHix into tap water (pH 7.30) resulting in a 2.31 pH solution. Three inch Core samples were taken from Traditions Golf Club for testing. </li></ul><ul><li>A leaching volume of the Aqua-pHix was applied followed by 12 leachings with tap water. </li></ul><ul><li>Leachate was collected and tested for pH and total salt content. </li></ul><ul><li>TDS Tap water 1030 ppm, .5% Aqua-pHix TDS 1280 ppm in Leachate, 2nd flush EC drops to 833 ppm, significant qty of salt was flushed from soil profile. </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical conductivity, TDS / 640 = EC Exp; Tap water EC = 1.6 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EC Above 3 is very bad, > 7 is toxic to plants Sea Water is 55 </li></ul></ul>
    39. 40. Turf Diagnostics
    40. 41. Turf Diagnostics
    41. 42. Profile/Aqua-pHix DryJect Trial Grapevine G C <ul><li>Aqua-phix was impregnated on Greens Grade Profile at 18 gallons per ton </li></ul><ul><li>DryJect applied at 200 Lbs. / 1000 sq. ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil samples were taken 4 times over 105 days </li></ul><ul><li>All samples were run by Brookside labs </li></ul><ul><li>Paste extract and standard soil test results </li></ul>
    42. 43. <ul><li>Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Four 6” diameter cores 3” deep were pulled. </li></ul><ul><li>Aqua-pHix was applied at 1 pint per 100 gallons of water (.125% Solution. </li></ul><ul><li>Plots were watered to field capacity at the 3” depth. </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements were taken of the Leachate and of the cores 2 hours after application. </li></ul>Duplication Proof @ Grapevine TX
    43. 44. 60% Reduction
    44. 45. 75% Reduction
    45. 46. 52 % Reduction
    46. 47. Your Trusted Partners in Soil Solutions ™ 1-800-207-6457 www.profileproducts.com Thank you!

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