Indonesia haze

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Indonesia haze

  1. 1. A Hazy Situation Transboundary Issue of Southeast Asia
  2. 2. What is transboundary issue? http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/env/eia/images/practical_guide/transp.jpg
  3. 3. What is transboundary issue?Recently used for resourcedevelopment and managementplanningRefers to the movement ofphysical and biological resourcesOr of impacts associated withthese resourcesAcross political boundaries http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/env/eia/images/practical_guide/transp.jpg
  4. 4. Transboundary Pollution http://pgislandboy.blogspot.com/2009/08/those-hazy-days-cough.html
  5. 5. Transboundary PollutionPollution that originates in onecountry but is able to causedamage in another country’senvironment http://pgislandboy.blogspot.com/2009/08/those-hazy-days-cough.html
  6. 6. Transboundary PollutionPollution that originates in onecountry but is able to causedamage in another country’senvironmentCrossing borders through water orair http://pgislandboy.blogspot.com/2009/08/those-hazy-days-cough.html
  7. 7. Transboundary PollutionPollution that originates in onecountry but is able to causedamage in another country’senvironmentCrossing borders through water orairfrom a heavy emitter and depositit on a lower emission country http://pgislandboy.blogspot.com/2009/08/those-hazy-days-cough.html
  8. 8. What is ‘Haze’? http://nigeldickinson.photoshelter.com/image/I0000yriOjabJ1Oo
  9. 9. What is ‘Haze’?What do you associate with theword ‘haze’? http://nigeldickinson.photoshelter.com/image/I0000yriOjabJ1Oo
  10. 10. What is ‘Haze’?What do you associate with theword ‘haze’?The accumulation of dust,smoke and other pollutantparticles in the air which leadsto the unclarity of theatmosphere, lower visibilitylevel and detrimental effects onthe human body http://nigeldickinson.photoshelter.com/image/I0000yriOjabJ1Oo
  11. 11. News ReadingRead the news provided toyouAnswer the questions and tryto summarize the news (whathappened?, when? where?,why? what are the impacts?Summarize the situation offorest fire and haze pollutionin Southeast Asia
  12. 12. Indonesia’s Forest Fire & Haze
  13. 13. Indonesia’s Forest Fire & HazeFire occurs in dry seasonannuallyEsp. Sumatra and KalimantanTransportation sector, economicactivities, health problemsTransboundary issue, i.e.Singapore and Malaysia
  14. 14. The Worst Fire 1997 Uncontrolled forest fires sprang up all over Indonesia in late 1997 and early 1998, especially on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. This smoky fire occured in Borneos East Kalimantan province. http://media-3.web.britannica.com/eb-media/96/23896-004-32D156FE.gif
  15. 15. The Worst Fire 1997 Uncontrolled forest fires sprang up all over Indonesia in late 1997 and early 1998, especially on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. This smoky fire occured in Borneos East Kalimantan province. http://media-3.web.britannica.com/eb-media/96/23896-004-32D156FE.gif
  16. 16. The Worst Fire 1997October - November 1997Haze spread to Philippines, Sri Lanka,Northern AustraliaThousands of square miles ofrainforest, plantation, forest,scrublandKalimantan, Sumatra, Sulawesi, IraianJaya, Papua New Guinea, Bali, Uncontrolled forest fires sprang up all over Indonesia in late 1997 and early 1998, especially on theLombock, Sarawak (Malaysia) islands of Sumatra and Borneo. This smoky fire occured in Borneos East Kalimantan province. http://media-3.web.britannica.com/eb-media/96/23896-004-32D156FE.gif
  17. 17. Indonesia’s worst fire 1997 http://english.people.com.cn/200508/11/images/0810_C18.jpg
  18. 18. Indonesia’s worst fire 1997Unrecorded height of sulfides, nitrousoxides, ash, industrial pollutionAir Pollution Index exceeded 800API of 200-300 = 20 cigarettes200,000 hospitalized with heart &respiratory diseases, severenosebleeds, eye irritationLong term health effect on 70 million http://english.people.com.cn/200508/11/images/0810_C18.jpgpeople in 6 countries
  19. 19. How does fire threaten the world?
  20. 20. How does fire threaten the world? Watch the video clip In pair, answer the following questions Why do people burn the land? How would deforestation threaten way of life of Indonesian? According to Greenpeace, how would the drying and burning of peatland affect the environment?
  21. 21. Watch this ClipActivists Say ForestFires in IndonesiaThreaten the Worldhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WoHRvfqGLnc
  22. 22. Answer the questions
  23. 23. Answer the questionsWhy do people burn the land?How would deforestation threaten the way of life of anIndonesian?According to G reenpeace, how would the drying andburning of peatland affect the environment?
  24. 24. What is Peatland? http://cempaka-nature.blogspot.com/2009/03/carbon-emissions-may-cost-ri-dearly.html
  25. 25. What is Peatland?A brown, soil-like materialcharacteristic of boggy, acid ground,consisting of partly decomposedvegetable matterOrganic carbon turns into carbondioxideIndonesia - the world’s largest peatlandareasIncrease the release of carbon http://cempaka-nature.blogspot.com/2009/03/carbon-emissions-may-cost-ri-dearly.htmlemissions
  26. 26. What caused fire? http://www.mongabay.com/images/indonesia/kalimantan/kali9753.JPG
  27. 27. What caused fire?Agricultural sectorSlash and Burn to clear the landfor agricultureLarge plantation companiesand forest plantationmanagement also use fire toclear the landReduce production cost http://www.mongabay.com/images/indonesia/kalimantan/kali9753.JPG
  28. 28. Who will be involved/affected?
  29. 29. Who will be involved/affected? Look at your study guide and try to answer the questions with your partner.
  30. 30. Who are involved?
  31. 31. Who are involved?Government
  32. 32. Who are involved?Government Tourist/ Population
  33. 33. Who are involved?Government Tourist/ Population Farmers
  34. 34. Who are involved?Government Tourist/ Population Farmers Businessmen
  35. 35. Government
  36. 36. GovernmentHow are they involved?
  37. 37. GovernmentHow are they involved?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene whennecessary
  38. 38. GovernmentHow are they involved?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene whennecessary
  39. 39. GovernmentHow are they involved?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene whennecessary
  40. 40. GovernmentHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene whennecessary
  41. 41. GovernmentHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene when Pass laws and conductnecessary check
  42. 42. GovernmentHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene when Pass laws and conductnecessary check Have authority to implement policies and punishments (i.e. fines, jail)
  43. 43. Tourist/ Population
  44. 44. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved?
  45. 45. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved?Tourists form tourismindustry and the affectedcountries may rely on forrevenue
  46. 46. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved?Tourists form tourismindustry and the affectedcountries may rely on forrevenuePopulation : employers,employees
  47. 47. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?Tourists form tourismindustry and the affectedcountries may rely on forrevenuePopulation : employers,employees
  48. 48. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?Tourists form tourismindustry and the affected Tourists: avoid the affectedcountries may rely on for countries, lost revenuerevenuePopulation : employers,employees
  49. 49. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?Tourists form tourismindustry and the affected Tourists: avoid the affectedcountries may rely on for countries, lost revenuerevenue Population: haze causesPopulation : employers, illness, respiratoryemployees difficulties for population
  50. 50. Farmers
  51. 51. FarmersHow are they involved/affected?
  52. 52. FarmersHow are they involved/affected?Cause of the fires
  53. 53. FarmersHow are they involved/affected?Cause of the fires
  54. 54. FarmersHow are they involved/affected?Cause of the fires
  55. 55. FarmersHow are they involved/affected?Cause of the fires
  56. 56. FarmersHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?Cause of the fires
  57. 57. FarmersHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?Cause of the fires Due to their burning, haze is generated
  58. 58. FarmersHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?Cause of the fires Due to their burning, haze is generated Flora and fauna are also lost
  59. 59. FarmersHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?Cause of the fires Due to their burning, haze is generated Flora and fauna are also lost
  60. 60. FarmersHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?Cause of the fires Due to their burning, haze is generated Flora and fauna are also lost
  61. 61. Businessmen
  62. 62. BusinessmenHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?Cause of the fire Due to their burning, haze is generated. Flora and fauna are also lost.
  63. 63. Environmental Impacts
  64. 64. Environmental ImpactsPollution increase = greenhousegases increaseCauses global warming &climate changeEcologies & habitat aredestroyedFlora burnt, fauna loses foodand habitat
  65. 65. Health Impacts
  66. 66. Health ImpactsThe weak suffer from illnessrelated to haze andrespiratory system Red/sore eyes Sore throat Rashes Respiratory difficulties
  67. 67. Economic Impacts
  68. 68. Economic ImpactsIncurred through loss ofvisibility or tourismPeople avoid going outdoorSmall business suffer1997 losses for USD 9 billion
  69. 69. Tourism Impact
  70. 70. Tourism ImpactDiscouraged from visitingthe affected countriesAffect tourism andeconomy
  71. 71. Exercise on Study GuideComplete the crossword and findout how they can protectthemselvesFind the word given in thechecklist and then fill in theblanks
  72. 72. Referenceshttp://rainforests.mongabay.com/08indo_fires.htmhttp://www.cbd.int/programmes/areas/water/toolkit/html/1.11.2_description_transboundary.htmlwww.safewater.orghttp://www.mongabay.com/images/indonesia/kalimantan/kali9753.JPGhttp://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/02/20/forest-fires-hit-jambi-n-sumatra-and-riau.htmlhttp://www.theresilientearth.com/?q=content/draining-swamps-fuel-autoshttp://english.people.com.cn/200508/11/images/0810_C18.jpg http://media-3.web.britannica.com/eb-media/96/23896-004-32D156FE.gif

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