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Indonesia haze

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  • ASEAN can use better governance to combat natural/man made disasters. there r tons of info offered free on the internet. now is the time to prepare for next year's possible HAZE. need to set up procedures to identify, monitor and process not only info but also action plans BEFORE the haze or other disasters get out of hand and stand by for action at all times.

    depoliticization of the whole process is necessary. create a sphere of open boundaries in affected regions so that aids can infiltrate areas of concern without any political interference.

    perhaps, this is one further step, beyond trade ties towards strengthening relationship within ASEAN. v must look beyond Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia and find solutions of this genre within ASEAN.
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Indonesia haze

  1. 1. A Hazy Situation Transboundary Issue of Southeast Asia
  2. 2. What is transboundary issue? http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/env/eia/images/practical_guide/transp.jpg
  3. 3. What is transboundary issue?recently used for resourcedevelopment and managementplanningrefers to the movement ofphysical and biological resourcesor of impacts associated withthese resourcesacross political boundaries http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/env/eia/images/practical_guide/transp.jpg
  4. 4. Transboundary Pollution http://pgislandboy.blogspot.com/2009/08/those-hazy-days-cough.html
  5. 5. Transboundary PollutionPollution that originates in onecountry but is able to causedamage in another country’senvironment http://pgislandboy.blogspot.com/2009/08/those-hazy-days-cough.html
  6. 6. Transboundary PollutionPollution that originates in onecountry but is able to causedamage in another country’senvironmentby crossing borders through wateror air http://pgislandboy.blogspot.com/2009/08/those-hazy-days-cough.html
  7. 7. Transboundary PollutionPollution that originates in onecountry but is able to causedamage in another country’senvironmentby crossing borders through wateror airfrom a heavy emitter and depositit on a lower emission country http://pgislandboy.blogspot.com/2009/08/those-hazy-days-cough.html
  8. 8. What is ‘Haze’? http://nigeldickinson.photoshelter.com/image/I0000yriOjabJ1Oo
  9. 9. What is ‘Haze’?What do you associate with theword ‘haze’? http://nigeldickinson.photoshelter.com/image/I0000yriOjabJ1Oo
  10. 10. What is ‘Haze’?What do you associate with theword ‘haze’?The accumulation of dust,smoke and other pollutantparticles in the air which leadsto the unclarity of theatmosphere, lower visibilitylevel and detrimental effects onthe human body http://nigeldickinson.photoshelter.com/image/I0000yriOjabJ1Oo
  11. 11. News: ASEAN pressures Indonesia Haze flowing from Indonesia over the Strait of Mallacca to Malaysia Read a news article Answer the questions in the Study Guide Work in pairs with your neighbor http://www.xes.cx/pics-misc/haze-5.JPG
  12. 12. News: S’pore offers Indonesia help The sun, visible through the haze from the 2006 bush and forest fires Read a news article Answer the questions in the Study Guide Work in pairs with your neighbor http://www.cintaabadi.com/news-flash/112-sumatera-deforesationmy-poor-sumatera-forest-part-5.html
  13. 13. Answer the Questions http://newshopper.sulekha.com/indonesia-forest-fire_photo_915587.htm
  14. 14. Answer the QuestionsWhat is ASEAN?What was the basis for thenews article?What countries took part inthe meeting?Where was the meeting held?Why did only these countriesjoin the meeting? http://newshopper.sulekha.com/indonesia-forest-fire_photo_915587.htm
  15. 15. Answer the questions http://img.timeinc.net/time/asia/magazine/2007/0521/po#ution_0521.jpg
  16. 16. Answer the questionsWhat was the haze situation in aprevious decade?What caused the haze according tothe news?Why did Indonesia not ratify theASEAN Agreement onTransboundary Haze Pollution?What were the solutions to reducehaze suggested in the news? http://img.timeinc.net/time/asia/magazine/2007/0521/po#ution_0521.jpg
  17. 17. Answer the questions http://www.siiaonline.org/?q=events/singapores-efforts-transboundary-haze-prevention
  18. 18. Answer the questionsWhat was the help offered bySingapore?What is the event that may beaffected by the haze?How was Malaysia affected bythe haze?Why did forest fires occurannually in Indonesia? http://www.siiaonline.org/?q=events/singapores-efforts-transboundary-haze-prevention
  19. 19. Indonesia’s Forest Fire & Haze
  20. 20. Indonesia’s Forest Fire & Hazefire occurs in dry seasonannuallyesp. Sumatra and Kalimantantransportation sector, economicactivities, health problemstransboundary issue, i.e.Singapore and Malaysia
  21. 21. The Worst Fire 1997 Uncontrolled forest fires sprang up all over Indonesia in late 1997 and early 1998, especially on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. This smoky fire occured in Borneos East Kalimantan province. http://media-3.web.britannica.com/eb-media/96/23896-004-32D156FE.gif
  22. 22. The Worst Fire 1997 Uncontrolled forest fires sprang up all over Indonesia in late 1997 and early 1998, especially on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. This smoky fire occured in Borneos East Kalimantan province. http://media-3.web.britannica.com/eb-media/96/23896-004-32D156FE.gif
  23. 23. The Worst Fire 1997October - November 1997haze spread to Philippines, Sri Lanka,Northern Australiathousands of square miles ofrainforest, plantation, forest,scrublandKalimantan, Sumatra, Sulawesi, IraianJaya, Papua New Guinea, Bali, Uncontrolled forest fires sprang up all over Indonesia in late 1997 and early 1998, especially on theLombock, Sarawak (Malaysia) islands of Sumatra and Borneo. This smoky fire occured in Borneos East Kalimantan province. http://media-3.web.britannica.com/eb-media/96/23896-004-32D156FE.gif
  24. 24. Indonesia’s worst fire 1997 http://english.people.com.cn/200508/11/images/0810_C18.jpg
  25. 25. Indonesia’s worst fire 1997Unrecorded height of sulfides, nitrousoxides, ash, industrial pollutionAir Pollution Index exceeded 800API of 200-300 = 20 cigarettes200,000 hospitalized with heart &respiratory diseases, severenosebleeds, eye irritationlong term health effect on 70 million http://english.people.com.cn/200508/11/images/0810_C18.jpgpeople in 6 countries
  26. 26. How does fire threaten the world?
  27. 27. How does fire threaten the world? Watch the video clip In pair, answer the following questions Why do people burn the land? How would deforestation threaten way of life of Indonesian? According to Greenpeace, how would the drying and burning of peatland affect the environment?
  28. 28. Watch this ClipActivists Say ForestFires in IndonesiaThreaten the Worldhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WoHRvfqGLnc
  29. 29. Answer the questions
  30. 30. Answer the questionsWhy do people burn the land?How would deforestation threaten the way of life of anIndonesian?According to G reenpeace, how would the drying andburning of peatland affect the environment?
  31. 31. What is Peatland? http://cempaka-nature.blogspot.com/2009/03/carbon-emissions-may-cost-ri-dearly.html
  32. 32. What is Peatland?a brown, soil-like materialcharacteristic of boggy, acid ground,consisting of partly decomposedvegetable matterorganic carbon turns into carbondioxideIndonesia - the world’s largest peatlandareasincrease the release of carbon http://cempaka-nature.blogspot.com/2009/03/carbon-emissions-may-cost-ri-dearly.htmlemissions
  33. 33. What caused fire? http://www.mongabay.com/images/indonesia/kalimantan/kali9753.JPG
  34. 34. What caused fire?Agricultural sectorSlash and Burn to clear the landfor agriculturelarge plantation companies andforest plantation managementalso use fire to clear the landreduce production cost http://www.mongabay.com/images/indonesia/kalimantan/kali9753.JPG
  35. 35. Who will be involved/affected?
  36. 36. Who will be involved/affected? Look at your study guide and try to answer the questions with your partner.
  37. 37. Who are involved?
  38. 38. Who are involved?Government
  39. 39. Who are involved?Government Tourist/ Population
  40. 40. Who are involved?Government Tourist/ Population Farmers
  41. 41. Who are involved?Government Tourist/ Population Farmers Businessmen
  42. 42. Government
  43. 43. GovernmentHow are they involved?
  44. 44. GovernmentHow are they involved?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene whennecessary
  45. 45. GovernmentHow are they involved?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene whennecessary
  46. 46. GovernmentHow are they involved?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene whennecessary
  47. 47. GovernmentHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene whennecessary
  48. 48. GovernmentHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene when pass laws and conductnecessary check
  49. 49. GovernmentHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?The authoritarian forcethat can intervene when pass laws and conductnecessary check have authority to implement policies and punishments (i.e. fines, jail)
  50. 50. Tourist/ Population
  51. 51. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved?
  52. 52. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved?Tourists form tourismindustry and the affectedcountries may rely on forrevenue
  53. 53. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved?Tourists form tourismindustry and the affectedcountries may rely on forrevenuePopulation : employers,employees
  54. 54. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?Tourists form tourismindustry and the affectedcountries may rely on forrevenuePopulation : employers,employees
  55. 55. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?Tourists form tourismindustry and the affected Tourists: avoid the affectedcountries may rely on for countries, lost revenuerevenuePopulation : employers,employees
  56. 56. Tourist/ PopulationHow are they involved? What is/are their impact(s) on the situation?Tourists form tourismindustry and the affected Tourists: avoid the affectedcountries may rely on for countries, lost revenuerevenue Population: haze causesPopulation : employers, illness, respiratoryemployees difficulties for population
  57. 57. Farmers
  58. 58. FarmersHow are they involved/affected?
  59. 59. FarmersHow are they involved/affected?cause of the fires
  60. 60. FarmersHow are they involved/affected?cause of the fires
  61. 61. FarmersHow are they involved/affected?cause of the fires
  62. 62. FarmersHow are they involved/affected?cause of the fires
  63. 63. FarmersHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?cause of the fires
  64. 64. FarmersHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?cause of the fires Due to their burning, haze is generated
  65. 65. FarmersHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?cause of the fires Due to their burning, haze is generated Flora and fauna are also lost
  66. 66. FarmersHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?cause of the fires Due to their burning, haze is generated Flora and fauna are also lost
  67. 67. FarmersHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?cause of the fires Due to their burning, haze is generated Flora and fauna are also lost
  68. 68. Businessmen
  69. 69. BusinessmenHow are they involved/ What is/are their impact(s)affected? on the situation?cause of the fire Due to their burning, haze is generated. Flora and fauna are also lost.
  70. 70. Environmental Impacts
  71. 71. Environmental ImpactsPollution increase = greenhousegases increasecauses global warming &climate changeecologies & habitat aredestroyedFlora burnt, fauna loses foodand habitat
  72. 72. Health Impacts
  73. 73. Health ImpactsThe weak suffer from illnessrelated to haze andrespiratory system Red/sore eyes Sore throat Rashes Respiratory difficulties
  74. 74. Economic Impacts
  75. 75. Economic ImpactsIncurred through loss ofvisibility or tourismpeople avoid going outdoorsmall business suffer1997 losses for USD 9 billion
  76. 76. Tourism Impact
  77. 77. Tourism Impactdiscouraged from visitingthe affected countriesaffect tourism and economy
  78. 78. Exercise on Study GuideComplete the crossword and findout how they can protectthemselvesFind the word given in thechecklist and then fill in theblanks
  79. 79. Referenceshttp://rainforests.mongabay.com/08indo_fires.htmhttp://www.cbd.int/programmes/areas/water/toolkit/html/1.11.2_description_transboundary.htmlwww.safewater.orghttp://www.mongabay.com/images/indonesia/kalimantan/kali9753.JPGhttp://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/02/20/forest-fires-hit-jambi-n-sumatra-and-riau.htmlhttp://www.theresilientearth.com/?q=content/draining-swamps-fuel-autoshttp://english.people.com.cn/200508/11/images/0810_C18.jpg http://media-3.web.britannica.com/eb-media/96/23896-004-32D156FE.gif

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