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Genocide

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Genocide

  1. 1. Khmer Rouge Genocide ‘to spare you is no profit, to destroy you is no lost’
  2. 2. Returning to Year Zero Simulation Activity❖ Let’s go back to April 1975❖ Cards are given out to each student❖ Farmers group yourself together, City people group yourselves together❖ Share your identity with your group by reading your identity out loud❖ Both group combines and tell your friends who you are, taking turn
  3. 3. Collectivization❖ Collectivization-a government policy where the peasantry were forced to give up their individual farms and join large collective farms. (1929-1933)
  4. 4. New Person or Old Person❖ Why do you think it happened?❖ Whatare the differences between Old People and New People?❖ What do you think about the collectivization process?
  5. 5. What is Genocide?❖ According to thinkquest.org: genocide is the ‘Deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group.’❖ The United Nations will call an event ‘Genocide’ only when: ❖ There is a mental element present, which means there is an intent to target a specific group of people and, ❖ A physical element of harming and killing members of the targeted group ❖ Both must be present for the acts to be called genocide
  6. 6. Genocide Begins❖ Started a campaign to rebuild Cambodia❖ Inspired by Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution❖ Renamed Cambodia as ‘the Democratic Republic of Kampuchea
  7. 7. ❖ Declared ‘This is Year Year Zero Zero’❖ Societywas to be ‘purified’❖ Extinguished western culture, city life, religion, foreign influence❖ Peasant communism
  8. 8. The Banned❖ Expelled foreigners closed embassies❖ Refused foreign aid (health care, economic)❖ Shut down media❖ No radios, bicycles, mail, telephone❖ Money was forbidden❖ Business, religion, education, health care
  9. 9. ❖ forcibly evacuated City Evacuation city people❖2 million inhabitants were forced to walk to the countryside❖ more than 20,000 died along the way; children, old, sick people
  10. 10. Lives of the Living People❖ forced into slave labors❖ died from overwork, malnutrition, disease❖ one tin of rice per person every two days❖ work from 4 am to 10 pm (18 hours a day)❖2 rest periods allowed❖ forbidden to eat fruits/ rice they were harvesting
  11. 11. Removal of Old Society❖ Attempt to remove ‘old society’ of the educated, the wealthy, buddhist monks, police, doctors, lawyers, teachers, former government officials and extended families❖ Anyone suspected of disloyalty to Pol Pot❖ Anyone wearing glasses, laugh, cry, know how to speak another language❖ Slogan: ‘What is rotten must be removed’
  12. 12. Ending of the Genocide ❖ On December 25, 1978 Vietnam invaded Cambodia ❖ January 7, 1979 Pol Pot fell and fled to Thai border
  13. 13. Genocide’s Legacy❖ Pol Pot was arrested in 1997 and died while under house arrested in 1998❖ Otherleaders were awaiting for tribunal on Crime against humanity❖ 20,000 mass graves❖ Bodies were removed and displayed in museums
  14. 14. S-21 (Tuol Sleng)❖ a school building being turned to a brutal prison❖ kept secret for people accused of betrayal along with family members❖ being tortured until confessed❖ picture were taken upon arrival❖ Out of 14,000 people, only 7 survived
  15. 15. Vann Nath ❖ An artist, one of the seven survivors of S-21 ❖ spared by jailers for painting and sculpting skills ❖ Painted and sculpted portraits of Pol Pot
  16. 16. Dith Pran ❖ Journalist ❖ suffered 4 years of abusive treatment during Khmer Rouge ❖ Escaped and lived in the US ❖ “the Killing Fields” in 1984
  17. 17. Dith Pran ❖ Journalist ❖ suffered 4 years of abusive treatment during Khmer Rouge ❖ Escaped and lived in the US ❖ “the Killing Fields” in 1984
  18. 18. Dith Pran ❖ Journalist ❖ suffered 4 years of abusive treatment during Khmer Rouge ❖ Escaped and lived in the US ❖ “the Killing Fields” in 1984
  19. 19. Dith Pran ❖ Journalist ❖ suffered 4 years of abusive treatment during Khmer Rouge ❖ Escaped and lived in the US ❖ “the Killing Fields” in 1984
  20. 20. Dith Pran ❖ Journalist ❖ suffered 4 years of abusive treatment during Khmer Rouge ❖ Escaped and lived in the US ❖ “the Killing Fields” in 1984
  21. 21. Questions1.What was the Khmer Rouge’s vision for Cambodia?2.Why did the Khmer Rouge kill educated people?3.What did Dith Pran do in order to survive during the reign of theKhmer Rouge?4.How was Dith Pran’s life changed by the genocide?5.What was Pran’s attitude toward his profession?6.Why were all journalists deported from Cambodia during thereign of the Khmer Rouge?7.What did Pran dedicate his life working towards after moving tothe US?8.What was Dith Pran’s last message?
  22. 22. Dith Pran’s Last Wordhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y541yRMDaiE
  23. 23. References❖ For further readings ❖ http://pythiapress.com/wartales/vann-nath.html ❖ http://vannnath.com/bio/ ❖ http://www.killingfieldsmuseum.com/ ❖ http://hmd.org.uk/genocides/cambodia/survival

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