Cambodia Landmines

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Cambodia Landmines

  1. 1. LANDMINESGlobal Issue in Cambodia
  2. 2. THE CURRENT ISSUE
  3. 3. THE CURRENT ISSUE
  4. 4. THE CURRENT ISSUE Nearly 40,000 people in Cambodia suffered since 1979
  5. 5. THE CURRENT ISSUE Nearly 40,000 people in Cambodia suffered since 1979 estimated 4-6 million unexplored landmines in Cambodia. (100 years)
  6. 6. THE CURRENT ISSUE Nearly 40,000 people in Cambodia suffered since 1979 estimated 4-6 million unexplored landmines in Cambodia. (100 years) Tens of millions of landmines in the 78 countries (1,100 years)
  7. 7. THE CURRENT ISSUE Nearly 40,000 people in Cambodia suffered since 1979 estimated 4-6 million unexplored landmines in Cambodia. (100 years) Tens of millions of landmines in the 78 countries (1,100 years) 34-40% of victims are under 15
  8. 8. THE CURRENT ISSUE Nearly 40,000 people in Cambodia suffered since 1979 estimated 4-6 million unexplored landmines in Cambodia. (100 years) Tens of millions of landmines in the 78 countries (1,100 years) 34-40% of victims are under 15 Cost $3 to produce landmines
  9. 9. THE CURRENT ISSUE Nearly 40,000 people in Cambodia suffered since 1979 estimated 4-6 million unexplored landmines in Cambodia. (100 years) Tens of millions of landmines in the 78 countries (1,100 years) 34-40% of victims are under 15 Cost $3 to produce landmines $1,000 to clear
  10. 10. WHAT IS A LANDMINE?
  11. 11. WHAT IS A LANDMINE?
  12. 12. WHAT IS A LANDMINE?an explosive buried below groundsurface
  13. 13. WHAT IS A LANDMINE?an explosive buried below groundsurfaceexplode when being stepped on
  14. 14. WHAT IS A LANDMINE?an explosive buried below groundsurfaceexplode when being stepped ondestroy legs/ kill small child
  15. 15. WHAT IS A LANDMINE?an explosive buried below groundsurfaceexplode when being stepped ondestroy legs/ kill small childHalf of victim become amputees
  16. 16. WHAT IS A LANDMINE?an explosive buried below groundsurfaceexplode when being stepped ondestroy legs/ kill small childHalf of victim become amputeesover 35,000 amputees in Cambodia
  17. 17. ANTI-PERSONNEL MINES
  18. 18. ANTI-PERSONNEL MINES
  19. 19. ANTI-PERSONNEL MINES designed to kill/ injure people explode if being stepped designed to injure rather than kill caused blindness, burns, destroyed limbs and wounds damage the tracks or wheel of vehicles
  20. 20. ANTI-TANK MINES
  21. 21. ANTI-TANK MINES
  22. 22. ANTI-TANK MINEScreated after the invention of thetank in WWI
  23. 23. ANTI-TANK MINEScreated after the invention of thetank in WWIset off when a tank passes over
  24. 24. ANTI-TANK MINEScreated after the invention of thetank in WWIset off when a tank passes overdesigned to immobilize ordestroy vehicles
  25. 25. ANTI-TANK MINEScreated after the invention of thetank in WWIset off when a tank passes overdesigned to immobilize ordestroy vehiclestypically larger than APL
  26. 26. ANTI-TANK MINEScreated after the invention of thetank in WWIset off when a tank passes overdesigned to immobilize ordestroy vehiclestypically larger than APLrequire more pressure
  27. 27. CAMBODIA’S LANDMINESPlanted in war zoneslaid by hand or seeded fromaircraftaround village, road, bridges,river banks, field, foreststill dangerous after a long time
  28. 28. CAMBODIA’S LANDMINES areas remain minded for years afterMap of Mines and Potential UXO Contamination conflicts threaten lives, prevent economic growth and development land unusable for farming, schools, living Casualties decreased every year 2001- 813 casualties 2009- 244 casualties (47 killed, 197 injured) 2010- 286 casualties
  29. 29. CAMBODIA’S LANDMINES areas remain minded for years afterMap of Mines and Potential UXO Contamination conflicts threaten lives, prevent economic growth and development land unusable for farming, schools, living Casualties decreased every year 2001- 813 casualties 2009- 244 casualties (47 killed, 197 injured) 2010- 286 casualties
  30. 30. HOW ARE THEY REMOVED?Deminerlies on stomach and probes theground with a knife on the sideplastic-made landmines so a metaldetector does not workA demining machine for open sandysoil- desertTrained Dogs with good sense of smell
  31. 31. AKIRA- THE DEMINEROrphaned child by the KhmerRougeChild soldier for the KR in 1980sBegan clearing and collectingmines in 1995About 50,000 landmines werecleared by Akira http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qx4Bz2IZWmg
  32. 32. 2010 CNN HERO: AKIRA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qx4Bz2IZWmg
  33. 33. LANDMINE MUSEUMtell the world horrors oflandminesbrought wounded and orphanedchildren home and raised as hischildren
  34. 34. LANDMINE MUSEUMtell the world horrors oflandminesbrought wounded and orphanedchildren home and raised as hischildren
  35. 35. LANDMINE MUSEUMtell the world horrors oflandminesbrought wounded and orphanedchildren home and raised as hischildren
  36. 36. LANDMINE MUSEUM:ACTIVITIESprovide education and training to ruralpeople on landmine safetyclearing mines and unexplodedordnance (UXO)training soldiers working in de-miningand thier familiesproviding home and school at themuseum for child survivors
  37. 37. LANDMINE MUSEUM http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ySaOYiihFz0
  38. 38. ATTEMPT TO CLEAR MINES The Cambodia Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA) the Mines Advisory Group (MAG) The Halo Trust
  39. 39. ATTEMPT TO CLEAR MINES The Cambodia Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA) the Mines Advisory Group (MAG) The Halo Trust
  40. 40. ATTEMPT TO CLEAR MINES The Cambodia Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA) the Mines Advisory Group (MAG) The Halo Trust
  41. 41. SHOULD LANDMINES BEUSED?Business that profit from sellingthemMilitarymaim or kill 10,000 civiliansPhysical, psychological,economic hardship
  42. 42. HOW CAN WE HELP? encourages countries to support a treaty banning the use, projection, stockpiling and transfer of antipersonal landmines treaty signed by
  43. 43. LANDMINE RELIEF FUND http://www.landmine-relief- fund.com/
  44. 44. INTERNATIONAL CAMPAIGN TOBAN LANDMINES ban on the use, production, stockpiling, and transfer of anti personnel landmines The 1997 Mine Ban Treaty clearing mined areas helping community
  45. 45. ASSIGNMENTWrite a 800 word reflection on thisweek’s lessons and topics we havediscussed in class. Your journal shouldinclude: a summary of what you learned additional research and discussion on a topic you’ve found interesting Due on Sunday 8 pm your time
  46. 46. REFERENCEShttp://www.uscbl.org/about-uscbl/http://www.cambodialandminemuseum.org/http://www.the-monitor.org/custom/index.php/region_profiles/profile_image/236http://www.aboutasiatravel.com/cambodia/map/landmines-ordinance-map.htm

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