Aids knowing no boundaries in 3 rd world countries


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  • Reported AIDS cases and annual rates (per 100,000 population), by area of residence 2006.
  • It is estimated that sexual transmission accounts for 32,000 of the 40,000 new infections each year. Conservative estimates based on the changes in behavior observed once people find out they are infected with HIV indicate that the 25% of people who are unaware that they are infected account for at least 54%, and potentially as much as 70%, of the new sexually transmitted infections each year. The transmission rate among those who don’t know they are infected is 3.5 times higher than for people who know about their HIV infection. The importance of getting these individuals tested and into care that includes both treatment and prevention interventions is critical.
  • Generally 15-18 months for baby to develop it’s own immune system, but can always perform a PCR to detect the actual virus.
  • Slide 9: We must also move away from thinking that one approach to HIV prevention will work, whether it is condoms, pills, or information. The Strategy’s four Goals are: Reduce the number of HIV infections Increase access to care and better health outcomes for PLWHAs. Reduce HIV related health disparities, discrimination and stigma And, achieve a more coordinated national response
  • Aids knowing no boundaries in 3 rd world countries

    3. 3. WHAT IS AIDS AND HIV???
    4. 4. HIV IS…
    5. 5. Where did it come from? Thereare actually two theories…Scientists identified a type ofchimpanzee in West Africa as thesource of HIV infection inhumans.
    7. 7. HOW ARE THEY SPREAD? Africa is overcrowded and there isn’tmuch needles to treat all patientstherefore a needle can be used formany patients increasing the risks of the spread of AIDS.Direct contact with infected bloodSexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginalDirect contact with semen or vaginal and cervical secretionsHIV-infected mothers to infants during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding
    8. 8. Adult HIV prevalence (%) inAfrica between 1988 and 2003
    10. 10. IMPACT OF AIDS/HIV IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC.. HIV was first reportedPapua New Guinea (PNG) in PNG in 1987. Thefaces a potential HIV/AIDS number of cases of HIV and fully developed AIDS disaster on a similar scale to has been steadily growing sub-Saharan Africa. since.As in Africa, PNG’s working-age population will be mostaffected, leaving behind many children and the elderly.
    11. 11. The HIV virus is also aggravate theattacking a population epidemic by decreasingalready debilitated by trust, and fuellingmalaria, tuberculosis and rumors anddiarrheal diseases. misinformation. TheThese are endemic result is sorcery andbecause of low standards quack remedies thatof living. High crime become part of thelevels and suspicion of problem and often leadpolice and government to more violence, mainly against women.
    12. 12. 21 MARCH 2011Estimates and with the recent "HIV inprojections show that in the health care setting"a high growth scenario, workshop in Lautokathe number of HIV illustrating no changes incases could soar to 684 statisticsby 2020.However, since Pacific Islands AIDSSeptember last year, Foundation co-ordinatorsthere have been no Temo Sasau and Francesreports of any new cases Namoumou said 83.3 perof HIV. cent of transmission wasFrom September to between heterosexualDecember last year, the couples.number remained at 354
    13. 13. High prevalence of“The other transmissions sexually transmittedare homosexual or diseases, a highbisexual which accountfor 2.2 per cent withonly one case ofintravenoustransmission,” Sasausaid.“There are also 22known cases of motherto child transmissionsince 1989.”
    14. 14. SYMPTOMS
    15. 15. MDG GOALS CONCERNING AIDS!!MDG number 6 is to combat HIV/AIDS and Malariaand other infectious diseases.TB is the leading AIDS killing disease where 75%with HIV have TB. AIDS spread more commonly amongst uneducatedgirls than educated ones. Women are weak andcannot defend themselves increasing the risks ofAIDS and HIV
    16. 16. On July 13, 2010, the White House released theNational HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS). This ambitious plan is the nation’s first-ever comprehensive coordinated HIV/AIDS roadmap with clear and measurable targets to be achieved by 2015.
    17. 17. • Children with HIV/AIDS have weaker immune systems and are more susceptible to other illnesses.• Children with HIV/AIDS may be stigmatized and/ or rejected from their families and communities.• … this discrimination fosters ignorance about HIV/AIDS and stigma against testing or treating the disease. This in turn makes it difficult to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS.
    18. 18. HOW DOES AIDS AND HIVAFFECT DEVELOPMENT??HIV/AIDS is not justa health problem, but • HIV/AIDSalso a development medication is oftenproblem. How? By very expensive, notspreading fast mostly availableto young people and everywhere in theworking-age adults. world, and hard for HIV/AIDS affects poor countries tothe economy, society, affordfamily and schooling ina country, weakeningthe country as awhole.
    19. 19. Try to compare AIDS here!!!
    20. 20. 2008 global HIV and AIDS estimates Children (<15 years)AIDS affects different segments of society indifferent ways. For example, children may haveto care for an ill parent. Schooling may sufferas a result. Other times, children becomeorphans as parents succumb to AIDS. If theyare lucky, children may have grandparents orrelatives to help who then face the burden ofraising many children
    21. 21. POPULATION DENSITY IN PNGCou 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012ntryPapua 4,926 5,049 5,172 5,295 5,420 5,545 5,670 5,795 5,931 6,057 6,064 6,187 6,310New ,984 ,055 ,033 ,816 ,280 ,268 ,544 ,887 ,769 ,263 ,515 ,591 ,129Guinea
    22. 22. HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSCountr 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 yPapuaNew 5,400 5,400 17,000 16,000 16,000 16,000 60,000 60,000 54,000 54,000 34,000 34,000Guinea
    23. 23. Global summary of the AIDS epidemic, 2008Number of people living Total 33.4 million [31.1 – 35.8with HIV in 2008 million] Adults 31.3 million [29.2 – 33.7 million] Women (aged 15 and above) 15.7 million [14.2 – 17.2 million] Children under 15 years 2.1 million [1.2 – 2.9 million]People newly infected Total 2.7 million [2.4 – 3.0 million]with HIV in 2008 Adults 2.3 million [2.0 – 2.5 million] Children under 15 years 430 000 [240 000 – 610 000]AIDS-related deaths Total 2.0 million [1.7 – 2.4 million]in 2008 Adults 1.7 million [1.4 – 2.1 million] Children under 15 years 280 000 [150 000 – 410 000]
    24. 24. Regional HIV and AIDS statistics and features, 2008
    25. 25. Adults and children estimated to be living with HIV, 2008
    26. 26. Estimated number of adults and children newly infected with HIV, 2008
    27. 27. HIV in the U.S. AND FLORIDA The #1 cause2009 42,959 people of death in FLinfected with HIV. African Americans5,500 in Florida. age 25-44 >550,000 AIDS DEATHSIN FLORIDA >1,107,404 Living2009 - 166 With HIV new HIV 1,142,714 living withdiagnoses in Approximately AIDSchildren under 19 MSM die the age of 13 each week in FL
    28. 28. HIV & AIDS Prevalence That girl is a virgin if I rape her I will get cured of AIDS.. This can be viewed on (real life situations). Quote from Bill Clinton “It’s fine for people in “ rich countries to say this is what it ought to be. They don’t have to live in these little villages and watch people die like flies.” unquote.
    29. 29. 04/02/13 33
    30. 30. HIV/AIDS SymptomsSome symptoms may include:• Chronic headaches• Night sweats• Diarrhea• Vomiting• Rashes• Sores• Assorted aches and pains neurological dysfunctions• Other manifestations
    31. 31. TAKE NOTE! All babies born to HIV positivemothers will test positive at birth! This is because when a child is first born, their antibodies reflect that of the mother. It is not until the babies own immune system developsthat we know if that child is infected or not. The 26% refers to the number of newborns actually infected by their mother.
    32. 32. HOT OFF THE PRESS!- The chance of HIV transmission is lowered down to 2% !!
    33. 33. Global Statistics • Since the beginning of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, 60 mil ion people have contracted HIV and 25 mil ion have died of AIDS-related causes. • In 2008, an estimated 2 mil ion adults and children died from AIDS, a 10% reduction from the peak number of AIDS-related deaths in 2004. • As of 2008, 33.4 mil ion people were living with HIV/AIDS worldwide. • The annual number of new HIV infections declined from 3.2 mil ion in 2001 to 2.7 mil ion in 2008. Stil , more than 7,000 people contract HIV every day. • More than half of new infections are among those under 25 years of age.
    34. 34. The decline in AIDS and HIV is due to the fact that education has increased among the human population in the world and the fact that medication has improved the lifestyle of people infected with this disease and has also slowed the impact the virus has on the human cells. Women has also been empowered and educatedwho have been the highest victims in the past decades. The longest lived infected man who was infected in1985 and is still alive today is proof of what medication can do to persons infected
    35. 35. HIV is not spread by:Shaking hands Bugs Hugging and Kissing Public restroomsHIV/STDs are not spread through casual contact!!
    36. 36. PREVENTION Limit your number of sex partners Get tested! Abstinence Use condoms for all types of sex. Get tested often
    37. 37. • New adult HIV infections are declining, particularly in Africa
    38. 38. *AIDS and HIV did notreach epidemic levels inthe region until the early1980sAchieve, by 2010, • therapy for HIV oruniversal access to AIDS in developingtreatment for HIV/AIDS regions. This totalfor all those who need it constitutes an increase•Access to treatment for of over 1.4 millionpeople living with HIV people from Decemberincreased in all regions. 2009, and the largest•At the end of 2011, 8 one-year increasemillion people were ever.receiving antiretroviral
    39. 39. HIV/AIDs Opportunistic Infections• Tuberculosis• Kaposi’s Sarcoma• Mycobacterium Avium Complex• Salmonellosis• Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP )
    40. 40. Strategy Goals1. Reduce the number of people who become HIV infected2. Increase access to care and optimize health outcomes for people living with HIV3. Reduce HIV-related health disparities, discrimination and stigma4. Achieve a more coordinated national response to the domestic HIV epidemic
    41. 41. CONCLUSION
    42. 42. References • • Center for Disease Control • Hyde, J.S. & DeLamater. Understanding HumanAIDS Alliance for Children, Youth Sexuality 8th ed. & Families McGraw-Hill PublishingPopulation Services International Company, Boston 8th edition, 2003. UNAIDS • Huether, S.E. & McCance, K.L. UNICEF Understanding Pathophysiology. Youth Advocate Program International Mosby;Publishing Company, St. Louis, 3rd GUNS,GERMS AND STEEL BY JERAD DIAMONDS edition, 2004.
    43. 43. • Sources: UNAIDS 2009 AIDS Epidemic Update, YOU FOR LISTENING!!!