L8 Glacial Landscapes And Tourism


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L8 Glacial Landscapes And Tourism

  1. 1. Glacial landscapes and tourism Landscapes that are actively affected by snow and ice attract tourists. This leads to conflict and issues over the use of such areas. NT page 135-7
  2. 2. <ul><li>To know the case study of an Alpine area for winter sports and an area for sightseeing of glaciers </li></ul><ul><li>To describe the attractions for tourists </li></ul><ul><li>To explain the economic, social and environmental impact </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the need for management </li></ul><ul><li>and the management strategies used and their </li></ul><ul><li>level of success.. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Case Study – Chamonix, France <ul><li>Situation – NW Alps </li></ul><ul><li>15km from Swiss border </li></ul><ul><li>15km from Italy via Mont Blanc tunnel </li></ul><ul><li>Mont Blanc 4,808m </li></ul><ul><li>Population 10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Summer 100,000 visitors per day </li></ul><ul><li>Winter 60,000 </li></ul><ul><li>5 million per year </li></ul>
  4. 4. attractions <ul><li>Lots of glaciers </li></ul><ul><li>Mer de Glace 7km long </li></ul><ul><li>Aiguille du midi </li></ul><ul><li>200m deep </li></ul><ul><li>Tourist attractions: </li></ul><ul><li>6 ski areas </li></ul><ul><li>350km hiking trails </li></ul><ul><li>40km mountain hike trails </li></ul><ul><li>Alpine museum </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibition centre </li></ul>
  5. 5. Winter attractions <ul><li>Lots of opportunities for skiers and snow borders </li></ul><ul><li>Cable cars, cog railways </li></ul><ul><li>Cross country skiing popular </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for ice climbing, free riding and paragliding </li></ul><ul><li>Snow shoe trails – hikers </li></ul><ul><li>Hotels, heated swimming pools, spas </li></ul><ul><li>museums, shops, historical buildings </li></ul>
  6. 6. Summer attractions <ul><li>Montenvers railway takes people to Mer de Glac </li></ul><ul><li>350km of marked hiking trails </li></ul><ul><li>40km of mountain bike tracks </li></ul><ul><li>Rock climbing, mountaineering, pargliding,, rafting, canyoning, pony trekking, summer luging </li></ul><ul><li>Live music, outdoor cafes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Impact of tourism <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Economic – employment in hotels etc </li></ul><ul><li>Guides and instructors </li></ul><ul><li>Construction & maintenance industry </li></ul><ul><li>Income supports local services </li></ul><ul><li>Social – locals benefit from improved services and transport </li></ul><ul><li>Well lit streets, safe pavements </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental – Chamonix is maintained as an attractive town </li></ul><ul><li>Clean </li></ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional way of life under pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of farming </li></ul><ul><li>Social make up of area changing </li></ul><ul><li>Many seasonal workers </li></ul><ul><li>Alpine forests cleared to make way for ski runs and chair lifts </li></ul><ul><li>Alpine habitats lost </li></ul><ul><li>Noise and congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Chamonix via motorways is good but the streets in the town are narrow </li></ul><ul><li>Eroded mountain footpaths </li></ul><ul><li>Shops, cafes etc are tourist centred and expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Houses are expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Many second homes </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts between different groups of people: </li></ul><ul><li>Tourists and farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Locals and tourists </li></ul><ul><li>Different tourist groups and needs </li></ul>
  8. 8. Managing tourism <ul><li>Chamonix is keen to promote responsible tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Chamonix municipality provides an environmentally friendly rransport service with clean energy buses and free public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Espace Mont Blanc initiative involves cooperation between France Italy and Switzer;and on issues of international transport, mature conservation forests and water resources </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Tomorrows Valley initiative </li></ul><ul><li>involves representatives from, the local community and tourist groups </li></ul><ul><li>plan for sustainable management </li></ul><ul><li>Burying service networks such as electricity lines underground </li></ul><ul><li>Renovating and preserving historic buildings and monuments </li></ul><ul><li>Preserving natural wetlands and peat bogs </li></ul><ul><li>Minimising the impact of skiing on the landscape by planting trees and using local building materials that blend in with the natural environment </li></ul><ul><li>maintaining and waymarking footpaths and cleaning rivers </li></ul><ul><li>supporting local traditional employment sectors particularly farming </li></ul>
  10. 10. references <ul><li>www.chamonix.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.espace-montblanc.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.skifrance.com/chamonix/resortmap.html </li></ul>
  11. 11. terms <ul><li>Responsible tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging a balance between the demands of the tourist and the need to protect the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable tourism </li></ul><ul><li>A form of management that ensures that developments are long lasting and not harmful to the environment </li></ul>