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Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area

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Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area

  1. 1. Characteristics and morphology of an urban area
  2. 4. CBD characteristics <ul><li>Most accessible part of town </li></ul><ul><li>Road and rail routes converge </li></ul><ul><li>Prime site for several types of land use </li></ul><ul><li>Very competitive – high land values </li></ul><ul><li>Limited space </li></ul><ul><li>Users: </li></ul><ul><li>large department stores and specialist shops which have a high turnover,high profit margin or large threshold population, banks, offices </li></ul><ul><li>Problems : </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion – which reduces accessibility and attractiveness to shop or work </li></ul>
  3. 5. pedestrianisation Tall buildings Information signs vegetation Vertical zoning
  4. 6. Old inner city areas <ul><li>Most inner city areas developed along with industry in 19 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Rural urban migration led to demand for low cost housing </li></ul><ul><li>Housing built as close as possible together – high density, grid iron </li></ul><ul><li>Few amenities – indor toilet, bathroom, running water, sewerage or electricity, gardens or open space </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: damp, overcrowding, lack of sanitation,pollution </li></ul>
  5. 7. Industry <ul><li>Large factories were build on the nearest available land to the town centre </li></ul><ul><li>Next to canals </li></ul><ul><li>And railways – transport bulky raw materials and processed goods </li></ul><ul><li>Besides rivers – source of power, washing, cooling, waste disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Near land that could be used to house the large umbers of workers </li></ul><ul><li>Factories forced to close due to: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of space for expansion / modernisation </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow congested roads </li></ul><ul><li>Some have been left empty </li></ul><ul><li>Some bulldozed to leave large areas of derelict land – brownfield site </li></ul>
  6. 8. canal River railway Industrial sites Victorian terraced housing
  7. 9. <ul><li>Attempts to improve living conditions: </li></ul><ul><li>1960s – slum clearance and building high rise flats (urban redevelopment) </li></ul><ul><li>Improving existing properties – urban renewal </li></ul>Highgate
  8. 10. Inner Suburbs <ul><li>Developed during the inter-war period. </li></ul><ul><li>Grew due to the introduction of public transport and use of car. </li></ul><ul><li>Outward growth = urban sprawl. </li></ul><ul><li>Many interwar houses were semi-detached, with bay windows, front and back gardens </li></ul>
  9. 11. Rural –Urban fringe <ul><li>After 1960s urban sprawl continued with land on rural-urban fringe being used for: </li></ul><ul><li>Modern housing estates or outer-city council housing </li></ul><ul><li>New industrial or trading estates. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Rural – urban fringe 2 <ul><li>Private housing estates are characterised by low density, high quality housing </li></ul><ul><li>Large </li></ul><ul><li>Detached </li></ul><ul><li>Modern amenities – central heating, double glazing, bathrooms, kitchen </li></ul><ul><li>Large gardens to both rear and front of property </li></ul><ul><li>Double garage </li></ul>

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