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2003 Questions

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2003 Questions

  1. 1. 2003 - 8 question summary Look at command words Look at typical questions on each topic
  2. 2. Amazonia <ul><li>2004 Describe and explain the main features of the Equatorial climate (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Annotate the diagram to show three ways in which the vegetation has adapted to the climate and soil conditions (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe traditional shifting cultivation in Amazonia (6) </li></ul><ul><li>How has the environment been affected by economic activities such as mining (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Recently ecotourism has become popular in Amazonia. Explain why the holiday advertised on the inert could be described as an ecotourism holiday (6) </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Explain the features of the temperature of Amazonia as shown in Fig 11 </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional farming in Amazonia is a type of subsistence farming called ‘shifting cultivation’ Explain why shifting cultivation is an example of sustainable development (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the ways in which recent developments in Amazonia have affected the environment and the people in this part of Brazil (9) </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Explain how the natural vegetation has adapted to the climate (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how this environment will change when the natural vegetation has been removed (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Using fig 13 and your own knowledge, explain how the development of Ecotourism in Amazonia contributes to sustainable development (6) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Calcutta <ul><li>Describe three features of a squatter settlement (3) </li></ul><ul><li>Name a city in an LEDC where there are squatter settlements (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe two ways of improving conditions in squatter settlements (4) </li></ul><ul><li>2005 Explain how push and pull factor are responsible for rapid urban growth (4) </li></ul><ul><li>What is the meaning of the term ‘squatter settlement’ (1) </li></ul><ul><li>With the aid of fig 21 and your own knowledge, describe how conditions in a squatter settlement may improve over time (4) </li></ul><ul><li>2007 What is the meaning of the term ‘urbanisation’? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the pull factors which help to explain the rapid growth of urban areas in LEDCs (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Using fig 14 and your own knowledge of a large urban area, describe the conditions that have developed in squatter settlements. (9) </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Explain the high percentage growth rate of the urban population in LEDCs (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Squatter settlements in large urban areas in LEDCs often have an informal sector of employment. Using examples, explain why many people work in the informal sector (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe an attempt(s) to improve the conditions in squatter settlements (9) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ganges Delta <ul><li>2003 Describe the tropical monsoon climate (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how the tropical monsoon is caused (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how a cyclone is formed (3) </li></ul><ul><li>Why do many people in the Ganges Delta die as a result of a cyclone (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the rice farming activity shown in the photograph (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Give three physical reasons why the Ganges Delta is a suitable area for growing rice (3) </li></ul><ul><li>The Ganges delta is part of two countries India and Bangladesh. Both countries have high birth rates and falling death rates. For either India or Bangladesh suggest reasons for the high birth rate. (6) </li></ul><ul><li>2004 Describe how people who live in the Ganges Delta may be affected by changes in sea level. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the main physical features of the delta (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how the delta has been formed (you may use diagrams to help your answer) (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how physical factors have encouraged the growth of intensive rice cultivation (4) </li></ul><ul><li>2006 Draw a labelled cross section to show the features of a cyclone (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the formation of the Ganges Delta. You may use a diagram (s) in your answer (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Using the information in Fig 11 and your own knowledge, explain the likely effects of tropical storms in the Ganges Delta (9) </li></ul><ul><li>Give two ways of reducing the damage caused by tropical storms, either in the long term or in the short term (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the physical advantages for subsistence rice farming in the Ganges Delta (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how the tropical monsoon is caused in summer (4) </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Using fig 14 and your own knowledge describe the advantages of the area for rice farming (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the sequence of activities involved in rice farming (4) </li></ul><ul><li>The Green Revolution has caused changes to farming in the Ganges Delta. Explain how these changes have affected the people and the environment (6) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mezzogiorno <ul><li>Using the photograph and your own knowledge, describe traditional farming in the Mezzogiorno (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Farming in the Mezzogiorno has changed as a result of the Cassa and more recently the IMP. Explain how the work of the Cassa and the IMP has improved farming in the Mezzogiorno (6) </li></ul><ul><li>2004 Describe one way in which land reform has changed farming in the Mezzogiorno (2) </li></ul><ul><li>2005 Explain how physical factors in Southern Italy make farming difficult (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Using Figs 13 and 14 and your own knowledge, describe the improvements to farming and to land reform that have taken place in Southern Italy (9) </li></ul><ul><li>2006 Describe recent improvements made in the Mezzogiorno and explain how they have helped to improve the standard of living for farmers (9) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain one factor other than farming that has led to recent migration into the Mezzogiorno (2) </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Using fig 9 and your own knowledge, describe the difficulties of farming in the Mezzogiorno (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Using fig 10 and your own knowledge, describe the physical factors which have led to migration from the Mezzogiorno (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the human push factors that have led to migration from the Mezzogiorno (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the improvements in farming practices in th Mezzogiorno. Explain how these improvements have increased farm incomes (9) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Med Spain <ul><li>2003 What are the climatic attractions of Med Spain (3) </li></ul><ul><li> What are other reasons for tourist visits (3) </li></ul><ul><li> How might the environment be damaged by tourists visiting Med Spain (6) </li></ul><ul><li>2006 Describe the main features of the Mediterranean climate (4) </li></ul><ul><li> Why is this type of climate attractive to tourists from Northern Europe (6) </li></ul><ul><li> Explain the environmental problems linked with hotel complexes in Med. Spain (6) </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Explain the pattern of tourist movement shown on the Map (4) N Europe to Med Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the problems and benefits that tourism has brought to the economy of Mediterranean Spain (9) </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Using Fig 4 only describe the main features of the climate (4) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rotterdam <ul><li>2004 List three of its important functions (3) </li></ul><ul><li>List three different functions of the Rotteram / Europoort conurbation (3) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain why Rotterdam / Europoort is considered to be part of the core of the European Union (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe what has been done to solve the (flooding) planning issue (6) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Japan <ul><li>2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Give two reasons why the coastal areas of Japan have a high population density (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Give two reasons why Japanese TNCs want to set up factories in the EU (4) </li></ul><ul><li>2005 Describe the distribution of the Japanese electronics industry (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the distribution of the Japanese electronics industry (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Using one or more named locations, describe the ways in which the Japanese have attempted to reduce industrial pollution (6) </li></ul><ul><li>2006 What is the meaning of the term ‘transnational corporation’? (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Some Japanese motor vehicle and electronics companies have invested outside Japan. Give two reasons why the Japanese have invested outside Japan (2) </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Explain why some Japanese TNCs are investing in the EU (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Using Fig 12a and 12b compare the distribution of the Japanese motor vehicle industry with that of the Japanese electronics industry (4) </li></ul><ul><li>With reference to a named area explain how the environment of Japan has been polluted by industrial production (6) </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Explain why areas shaded on Fig 7 have low population density (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Using figs 8a and 8b compare the imports of Japan with the exports of Japan </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cross channel links <ul><li>2005 Describe the main advantages of the channel tunnel (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the main road and rail links to the Channel Tunnel (2) </li></ul><ul><li>For one major port that you have studied which has sea links between England and Continental Europe, describe its port infrastructure (4) </li></ul><ul><li>2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Name the English port with links to Europe that you have studied </li></ul><ul><li>Name a road link to this port (1) </li></ul><ul><li>For one major English port that you have studied, describe the facilities (infrastructure) for handling passengers and cargo (6) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Global Warming <ul><li>2003 How does burning fossil fuels help to cause the greenhouse effect? (2) </li></ul><ul><li>How does cutting down the rainforest help to cause the greenhouse effect (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest how the effects of global warming could be reduced (4) </li></ul><ul><li>2004 Explain why the sea level may change as a result of global warming (3) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how global warming can be reduced and how its consequences can be managed. (9) </li></ul><ul><li>2005 Explain why many areas are in danger of flooding as a result of global warming (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the effects of global warming on the people living in one or more of the low-lying areas that you have studied (4) </li></ul><ul><li>2006 Compare the changes in the carbon dioxide emissionsin LEDCs with those in MEDCs between 1990 and 2020. (4) </li></ul><ul><li>The cutting down of tropical rainforest is one of the reasons for an increasing greenhouse effect around the earth. Explain how it has helped to increase the greenhouse effect (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Sea defences are one way in which the effects of global warming can be managed. Name two types of sea defence (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Choose one type of sea defence and explain how it may help reduce the effect of global warming (2) </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Explain what is being done to reduce global warming and to manage its consequences (6) </li></ul><ul><li>2008 What is the meaning of the term ‘greenhouse effect’ (3) </li></ul><ul><li>rising sea levels and increased flood risk are possible effects of global warming. Using fig 16 and your own knowledge, describe the effects of rising sea levels and flooding (6) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Population <ul><li>2003 Describe one problem that a rise in population may cause in an LEDC (2) </li></ul><ul><li>T he Ganges delta is part of two countries India and Bangladesh. Both countries have high birth rates and falling death rates. For either India or Bangladesh suggest reasons for the high birth rate. (6) </li></ul><ul><li>2004 Suggest two push reasons why people in LEDCs leave the countryside and move to cities (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the pattern of urban population as shown by fig 12 (6) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Aid and development <ul><li>2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Many LEDCs are being helped by development projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe how a development project in an LEDC you have studied has helped the local people (9) </li></ul><ul><li>2004 What is meant by each of the following terms: short term aid, voluntary aid (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the main features of a development project in an LEDC that you have studied (6) </li></ul><ul><li>Study fig 13. Describe the world distribution of international aid (4) </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between bilateral aid and multilateral aid (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Many LEDCs are being helped by development projects. Describe the main features of the development project that you have studied and say how the project has helped the local people (9) </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Describe the difference between short term aid and long term aid (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest one way in which an international aid donor could encourage sustainable development in another country (1) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Core Periphery <ul><li>2004 Describe the pattern of GNP per capita across Europe (4) </li></ul><ul><li>2005 Explain why the core region is richer than the periphery (4) </li></ul><ul><li>The ERDF is one of several ways in which the EU has tried to reduce the differences between the richest and the poorest areas. Other attempted solutions are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Common Agricultural Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Investment Bank Fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural Fund </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Choose one of these attempted solutions and describe how it tries to reducethe differences between the richest and the poorest areas (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the characteristics of the periphery of the European Union (4) </li></ul><ul><li>The following policies have been introduced by the EU </li></ul><ul><li>Common Agricultural Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Structural Fund </li></ul><ul><li>European Investment Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Choose one of the policies or another you have studied. State its main aims (2) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Maps … <ul><li>2003 – Japan (name islands) </li></ul><ul><li> Italy (shade Mezzogiorno) </li></ul><ul><li>2004 Japan, Amazonia </li></ul><ul><li>Rotterdam (blank box - draw a labelled sketch map to show location) </li></ul><ul><li>2005 Med. Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Rotterdam (locate features) </li></ul><ul><li>map of Europe – draw and label core and periphery of EU </li></ul><ul><li>2006 Japan, Med Spain, Ganges Delta </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Ganges Delta, Mezzogiorno, Amazonia </li></ul><ul><li>Japan, Spain, Ganges Delta, Amazonia </li></ul><ul><li>Rotterdam (locate features) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Climate Graphs <ul><li>2003 – Monsoon </li></ul><ul><li>2004 – Equatorial </li></ul><ul><li>2006 - Med Spain </li></ul><ul><li>2008 – Med Spain </li></ul>

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