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  1. 1. HARDWARE PARTS OF THE PC <ul><li>MONITOR - screen that displays what is going on in the computer. New models are typically “plug & play” compatible, which means the operating system of the computer can easily recognize them and make them work when they are plugged into the system. They do not need device drivers </li></ul><ul><li>KEYBOARD - main input device for more computers. Used to input textual information to the computer </li></ul><ul><li>MOUSE - lets you feed instructions to the computer by simply pointing and clicking in a graphical environment </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>MOTHERBOARD - main circuit board in the computer. Practically all the other parts of the computer have a direct or indirect connection to the motherboard. It must have enough expansion slots for memory and circuit boards. Most importantly, its chipset must support the kind of hardware you want w/ your system. A board should fit snugly inside a case and not be too big or too small to be installed within the system case </li></ul><ul><li>SYSTEM CASE - box that houses the CPU. Normally, it has expansion slots, contains spare drive bays, and allows space to work inside for attachments to the system unit </li></ul><ul><li>PROCESSOR - brain of the computer that handles the flow of all data. This is what computer manufacturers usually advertise because speed is something that buyers can relate to </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>MAIN MEMORY/RAM - allows computers to store and retain information. Memory boards are motherboard-dependent, which means you have to buy only those that your motherboard accepts. Operating systems like Windows XP and many software applications need plenty of memory. A minimum of 128 MB of RAM is always advisable </li></ul><ul><li>HARD DISK - storage device that holds the operating system and other programs and data files. It pays to buy those w/ manuals or jumper instructions already attached to the product itself. A drive that spins at least 7,200 revolutions per minute (RPM) is recommended </li></ul><ul><li>FLOPPY DISK DRIVE - perhaps the slowest form of long-term secondary storage for the computer is the floppy disk w/ 1.44 MB disk drive. Because of its small capacity, this has been phased out from many computer systems in favor of the more durable CD writer and DVD writer </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>CD ROM/DVD-ROM Drive - reads CDs or DVDs </li></ul><ul><li>VIDEO/GRAPHICS Card - most graphics cards today have at least 32 MB. Using a card that has less might cause problems w/ the computer you are building because many programs that use heavy graphics will not work </li></ul><ul><li>Sound Card - converts data into sound to be sent to speakers or converts sounds to digital formats. Some motherboards have sound cards already integrated into them </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Cable Connectors - computer parts cannot come together by themselves. Most require cable connectors in order to communicate w/ the motherboard and other components of the computer. But some are already accompanied w/ the motherboard or drives upon purchase. They have to be long enough to extend between the CPU and the prescribed location of the device </li></ul><ul><li>Other Peripherals - optional devices that you connect to your computer like printers and removable storage devices </li></ul>Submitted to: Mr. Anquilan Submitted by: Michaela T. Tuazon I- Charity