course/learning collection B. PSS DESIGN TOOLS Subject B9. Design, Development, Management of SPSS learning resource Intro...
Industrial Design Engineering for Sustainable Well-being  IDE Mission
What is…  Sustainable? Well-being?
Waste & emissions increasing - C2C option?
 
 
 
 
 
eco-burden  =  population x  prosperity  x eco-efficiency 1   =   1    x   1    x   1 1 - 1/2  =  2-3   x  3-5  x  1/6 to ...
end of pipe cleaner production product focus 1970 1990 2005 focus on product  design pollutant level in waste stream  poll...
<ul><li>Need for new manufacturing Paradigm: </li></ul><ul><li>1. reduce production and consumption volume of artifacts <-...
 
Green Flagship examples
Hans Overdiep Manager Energy Transition GasTerra B.V. MicroCHP as the most efficient gas application of the near future
 
purchase gas m3/wk purchase electr. kWh/wk Prod. electr. kWh/wk 2008 2007 2729 m3 natural gas purchase 1151 kWh electricit...
 
 
“ Sustainability = the possibility that human and other life will flourish on the planet forever.” “Reducing unsustainabil...
Ehrenfeld
Daly 2020 <ul><li>no faster use of natural resources than replenished </li></ul><ul><li>no deposit of wastes faster than a...
 
Vision of ID5561 Industrial Design Engineers are capable to and co-responsible for PSS design activities, aimed at Sustain...
What are PSS? Oksana Mont: “A PSS is a system of products, services, networks of actors and supporting infrastructure that...
Factors to design/to influence <ul><li>Service </li></ul><ul><li>Product (existing, improved, radical new) </li></ul><ul><...
Transport mode versus distance
‘ Blue-Bicycle Plan’
Next 5 slides: courtesy of  Prof. Ursula Tischner - Design Academy
Why PSS? <ul><li>More than 75% of GDP in US </li></ul><ul><li>More than 50% of GDP in Europe are generated by services NOT...
Why PSS? <ul><li>Change towards services is happening anyway </li></ul><ul><li>The question is not  “Are services a contri...
Why PSS? <ul><li>The ultimate goal is to design SATISFACTION or SOLUTIONS not products… </li></ul><ul><li>Start with the n...
When is a PSS sustainable? <ul><li>PSS </li></ul><ul><li>Must be more efficient than a product solution (planet) </li></ul...
Obstacles and drivers <ul><li>PSS ARE NOT SUSTAINABLE PER SE </li></ul><ul><li>You have to look at the whole system and ch...
Other PSS examples
 
Tourist Vehicles
Concept LINK
 
E-bike Solar powered motor bike
Test driving the MITKA
Superfast charging… ... Clean energy anywhere… “ Super fast charging of batteries is the solution for limited battery oper...
... Clean energy anywhere ... <ul><li>Public fast charging systems for clean electric vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Recharge ...
New Rotterdam Central Station: starting with bicycles’
 
Hofplein fontein Bureau L&K
Other Examples <ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>...
 
Gaming for Energy Reduction: The Energy Battle - Bureau Waanzinnig! Lotte Horn/Stefan Versluis
<ul><li>All 20 households will be equipped with Wattsons </li></ul><ul><li>www.energybattle.nl  to gain insight in consump...
<ul><li>Dashboard </li></ul><ul><li>Battle </li></ul><ul><li>Tips </li></ul>The pilot website
Q box - Optimizing Energy  Use in Local Energy Networks
Q box
Source: Prof. Dr. Chris Ryan  University of Melbourne Xtreme Tourism Example
eco-sense concept 1:  living sensory map
 
Product-related service/consultancy Product lease (unlimited use) Product renting/sharing, pooling Pay-per-unit service (e...
Source: Tukker & Tischner  New Business for Old Europe
PSS How to do it?
PSS methodology Policy Product idea Product design Start New Activity Policy  formulation Strict  development Realisation ...
 
 
PSS Service Customers Ex. PSSs: Function of “washing”  Combination of products and services to satisfy needs of customers ...
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Han Brezet_Introduction To Sustainable Pss & Tools

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Han Brezet_Introduction To Sustainable Pss & Tools

  1. 1. course/learning collection B. PSS DESIGN TOOLS Subject B9. Design, Development, Management of SPSS learning resource Introduction to sustainable PSS & tools contributors: Prof. Han Brezet Delft University of Technology/ Industrial Design Engineering / The Netherlands LeNS, the Learning Network on Sustainability: Asian-European multi-polar network for curricula development on Design for Sustainability focused on product service system innovation. Funded by the Asia-Link Programme, EuroAid, European Commission.
  2. 2. Industrial Design Engineering for Sustainable Well-being IDE Mission
  3. 3. What is… Sustainable? Well-being?
  4. 4. Waste & emissions increasing - C2C option?
  5. 10. eco-burden = population x prosperity x eco-efficiency 1 = 1 x 1 x 1 1 - 1/2 = 2-3 x 3-5 x 1/6 to 1/30 2003 2040 1/6 means delivering the same product or service with only 1/6 of the original materials, energy and emissions (17%) Context: environmental objectives & carrying capacity
  6. 11. end of pipe cleaner production product focus 1970 1990 2005 focus on product design pollutant level in waste stream pollution from factories total pollution focus on stopping-up pollution focus on pollution prevention total pollution with ecodesign Source: Prof. Dr. Chris Ryan University of Melbourne/VEIL Australia
  7. 12. <ul><li>Need for new manufacturing Paradigm: </li></ul><ul><li>1. reduce production and consumption volume of artifacts <-> balance with natural and social constraints </li></ul><ul><li>2. qualitative satisfaction vis- à-vis quantitative sufficiency </li></ul><ul><li>3. decoupling of economic growth from material and energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>4. more added value via knowledge and service contents </li></ul>Prof. Tomiyama (3mE - TU Delft)
  8. 14. Green Flagship examples
  9. 15. Hans Overdiep Manager Energy Transition GasTerra B.V. MicroCHP as the most efficient gas application of the near future
  10. 17. purchase gas m3/wk purchase electr. kWh/wk Prod. electr. kWh/wk 2008 2007 2729 m3 natural gas purchase 1151 kWh electricity purchase 3013 kWh electricity own production Total of 52 weeks:
  11. 20. “ Sustainability = the possibility that human and other life will flourish on the planet forever.” “Reducing unsustainability, although critical, does not and will not create sustainability.” “(Design for) Being -versus Having- is a Doorway to Sustainability” “Design = Products, Culture, New Institutions, Governance, Business” Ehrenfeld
  12. 21. Ehrenfeld
  13. 22. Daly 2020 <ul><li>no faster use of natural resources than replenished </li></ul><ul><li>no deposit of wastes faster than absorption capacity </li></ul>
  14. 24. Vision of ID5561 Industrial Design Engineers are capable to and co-responsible for PSS design activities, aimed at Sustainable Well-being
  15. 25. What are PSS? Oksana Mont: “A PSS is a system of products, services, networks of actors and supporting infrastructure that continuously strives to be competitive, satisfy customer needs and have a lower environmental impact than traditional business models.”
  16. 26. Factors to design/to influence <ul><li>Service </li></ul><ul><li>Product (existing, improved, radical new) </li></ul><ul><li>Organization/network </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Context </li></ul>
  17. 27. Transport mode versus distance
  18. 28. ‘ Blue-Bicycle Plan’
  19. 29. Next 5 slides: courtesy of Prof. Ursula Tischner - Design Academy
  20. 30. Why PSS? <ul><li>More than 75% of GDP in US </li></ul><ul><li>More than 50% of GDP in Europe are generated by services NOT products </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers choose products because of better service not because of product qualities as they are all the same </li></ul>
  21. 31. Why PSS? <ul><li>Change towards services is happening anyway </li></ul><ul><li>The question is not “Are services a contribution to sustainability?”, but </li></ul><ul><li>“ How can we influence that change to be sustainable?” </li></ul><ul><li>PSS is nothing new, every product involves service and vice versa. </li></ul>
  22. 32. Why PSS? <ul><li>The ultimate goal is to design SATISFACTION or SOLUTIONS not products… </li></ul><ul><li>Start with the need and develop the most efficient and elegant combination of products and services to fulfill the needs </li></ul>
  23. 33. When is a PSS sustainable? <ul><li>PSS </li></ul><ul><li>Must be more efficient than a product solution (planet) </li></ul><ul><li>Must be better value for money (profit) </li></ul><ul><li>Must be more convenient, increase quality of life, better quality/function, secure employment (people) </li></ul>
  24. 34. Obstacles and drivers <ul><li>PSS ARE NOT SUSTAINABLE PER SE </li></ul><ul><li>You have to look at the whole system and check if it moves towards sustainability (people, planet, profit) </li></ul><ul><li>BE AWARE OF REBOUND EFFECTS </li></ul><ul><li>Most PSS cases were originally not environmentally driven – and most successful, if a company developed a new business idea in a new field </li></ul>
  25. 35. Other PSS examples
  26. 37. Tourist Vehicles
  27. 38. Concept LINK
  28. 40. E-bike Solar powered motor bike
  29. 41. Test driving the MITKA
  30. 42. Superfast charging… ... Clean energy anywhere… “ Super fast charging of batteries is the solution for limited battery operation time of portable and mobile devices”
  31. 43. ... Clean energy anywhere ... <ul><li>Public fast charging systems for clean electric vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Recharge in 10-30 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Zero-emission in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot in Rotterdam with ENECO </li></ul>Clean vehicles Public fast charge systems
  32. 44. New Rotterdam Central Station: starting with bicycles’
  33. 46. Hofplein fontein Bureau L&K
  34. 47. Other Examples <ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Third level </li></ul></ul></ul>Green Homes Concierge is a personal service designed to help you, the London home owner, to reduce your energy consumption and thus your impact on global warming. We provide the knowledge and take care of the hassles so you can do your bit. We offer an expert energy assessment and prepare a report that explains the ways in which your home is ‘leaking energy' and the extent to which it is damaging the environment. We suggest how you could improve your home's performance, along with the likely cost. We'll also offer you advice on commissioning the necessary work and can manage the work with your agreement. Although we're mainly involved in helping you make physical improvements to your house and appliances, we can also provide ‘green lifestyle' advice, based on your personal needs and circumstances if you want.
  35. 49. Gaming for Energy Reduction: The Energy Battle - Bureau Waanzinnig! Lotte Horn/Stefan Versluis
  36. 50. <ul><li>All 20 households will be equipped with Wattsons </li></ul><ul><li>www.energybattle.nl to gain insight in consumptions and compete in the battle </li></ul>The pilot
  37. 51. <ul><li>Dashboard </li></ul><ul><li>Battle </li></ul><ul><li>Tips </li></ul>The pilot website
  38. 52. Q box - Optimizing Energy Use in Local Energy Networks
  39. 53. Q box
  40. 54. Source: Prof. Dr. Chris Ryan University of Melbourne Xtreme Tourism Example
  41. 55. eco-sense concept 1: living sensory map
  42. 57. Product-related service/consultancy Product lease (unlimited use) Product renting/sharing, pooling Pay-per-unit service (ex: copiers) Outsourcing Functional result (ex: pleasant climate) PSS types
  43. 58. Source: Tukker & Tischner New Business for Old Europe
  44. 59. PSS How to do it?
  45. 60. PSS methodology Policy Product idea Product design Start New Activity Policy formulation Strict development Realisation Exploration Idea finding . Eco-efficient Service product
  46. 63. PSS Service Customers Ex. PSSs: Function of “washing” Combination of products and services to satisfy needs of customers . Repair : Activity : Agent : Product Service CAD Customers Purchase Wash Manufacturer Produce Repair Landlady Cleaning shop Wash Collect Reuse Sell Wash Pay fee Purchase Repair Lease Obtain License Dispose Sell Pay Professional service
  47. 64. Thank you…

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