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Grammar book


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Grammar book

  1. 1. GrammarBookBy: Teodoro Tracy
  2. 2. Table of Contents1. Que vs. Cual2. Ser3. Estar4. Gustar5. Transition words6. El imperfect7. Triggers8. Acabar de infinitive9. Hace+time+que+pres.10. Verbos como gustar11. Reflexives12. Tu Commands 1. Affirmative 2. Negative 3. Irregular13. DOP Placement14. Preterite
  3. 3. Que vs. CualQue• Use when asking for definitions.Cual• Usually before ser forms when not seeking a definition.
  4. 4. Ser D • Descriptions O • Origin C • Characteristics T • Time O • Occupation R • Relationships P • Possession E • Events D • Dates
  5. 5. Estar H •Health •Como Estas? E •Emotions •Como Estas? L •Location •Donde Estas? P •Present condition •Como Esta? ING •Que Estas Haciendo?
  6. 6. Me Gusta Gustar • It pleases meTe Gusta • It pleases you.Le Gusta • It pleases him/her/youNos Gusta • It pleases usOs Gusta • It pleases ya’llLes Gusta • It pleases them/you(formal)
  7. 7. Transition Words Just like English; use commas and semi- colons to join transistion words to sentences Porque- because Y- and Si- if Pero- but Como- as Que- that
  8. 8. El Imperfecto Ar er ir• Yo • aba • ia • ia• Tu • Abas • Ias • Ias• El/ ella • Aba • Ia • Ia• Nosotros • Abamos • Iamos • Iamos• Vosotros • Abais • Iais • Iais• Ellos/Ellas • aban • Ian • ian
  9. 9. Triggers Todos los dias A veces Siempre Los lunes, martes, etc… Generalmente De vez un cuando
  10. 10. Acabar de Infinitive subject Acabar yo Acabo de Tu Acabas de El/ella Acaba de Acabaoms Nosotros de Ellos/Ellas Acaban de
  11. 11. Hace+Time+Que+Pres
  12. 12. Verbos como Gustar Me •Gusta •Gustan Te •Falta •Faltan Le •Duele •Duelen Nos •Fascina •Fascinan Les •Molesta •Molestan
  13. 13. Reflexives Verb whose subject AND object are the same. Ends in –se  Afeitarse; acostarse Reflexive Pronouns:  Me (yo)  Te (tu)  Se (usted)  Os (nosotros)  Nos (ustedes)
  14. 14. Tu Commands  Affirmative  Negative • Change to tu Tu No conjugationbeber como then drop the “s” • Move the lo in lo front of the verb. •Change to correct verb conjugation Tu •Then drop the “s”bebes • This is your end sentence No lo • Says, “Don’t eat it!” comas •Change to correct form of Tu the DOP •When me/te, use: •Lo/labebela •When nos/os, use: •Los/ Las
  15. 15. Tu commands(irregulars) Di  No digas Haz  No hagas Ve  No veas Pon  No pones Sal  No salas Se  No tenes Ten  No venes ven
  16. 16. DOP Placement When me/te, use:  Can only attach  Lo/la when the sentence When nos/os, use: is a:  Los/las  Infinative  Ella va a comerlo!  Command  iComerlo!  Present Progressive  El esta comiendo
  17. 17. Preterite Perfect action in the past -ar -er/ir E(hyphenated) I(hyphenated) Aste Iste O(hyphenated) Io(o hyphenated) Amos Imos Aron ieron