TEXTILE IN FOOTWEARByPARTHA SARATHI RANArana.email@example.com
INTRODUCTION:-Textiles clothing and footwear qualifications and competencies meet the need of workersperforming a broad range of manufacturing and process work across the textile, clothingand footwear (TCF) industry. These activities include design, development,manufacturing and merchandising.This industry covers a range of sectors that can be described within three broad categories.These are those which process natural and synthetic materials such as early stage woolprocessing, cotton ginning, and hide skin and leather. Secondly there are those inproduction such as clothing production, textile production, footwear production, leathergoods production and technical textiles. Finally, there are those services sectors suchas dry cleaning operations, laundry operations and footwear repair.textiles clothing footwear furnishing.
CLASSIFICATION OF FOOTWEARTEXTILESPORTS FOOTWEAR KOLHAPURI CHAPPLESSLIPPERS ARMY BOOTS
TEXTILES USED IN SPORTS FOOTWEAR :-Three different kinds of fabrics, knitted, woven and non-woven are used for sportsshoes. The fibres used for such fabrics are polyester, polyester-viscose, cotton andnylon. Sandwiched mesh also known as high-tech three dimensional fabrics Consistingof micro filaments sandwiched between two layers of meshes is also used as alternativeto foam laminated fabrics. Polyester, polypropylene, nylon and cotton are used forsport-tech. However, the predominant use is that of polyester since it is cheap. Nylon isused for the premium range of shoes. Cotton is used predominantly in canvas shoes andchildrens shoes.Market requirements of sport-tech textiles:Year Sports Shoes Requirement of fabric(millionmeters)MillionPairsValue(Rs.Crore)2001-02 570 5100(1020) 1052003-04 595 5950(1200) 1202007-08 804 8040(1600) 140
SLIPPERS:-As regards slippers, please note that such footwear shouldbe with open heel and without functional laces, buckles or fasteners.KOLAPURICHAPPALS: Kolapuri chappals are leather footwear withouter sole of the leather and upper which consists of leather straps acrossthe instep and around the big toe.ARMY BOOTS:- The best quality of "French Terrain" brand of camouflageshoes in all weaves, i.e. twill, drill, gabardine, canvas, ripstop, oxford, etc; in cotton,terry cotton, polyester viscose, polyester, nylon, etc; with various finishes like oiland water repellent, stain resistant, fire retardant, etc;
HOW TO BE PROACTIVE INFOOTWEARA. Type of Textile Material(Nonwoven Fabric including Felt; Flocking andChopped Textile Fibers; Woven Fabric Mesh; including “Gauze”; KnitFabric including Openwork etc.)B. Method of Construction(Applied/Glued On; Embedded);C. Sole soiling material(jute rope on an espadrille);D. Area in Contact with the Ground.E. Durability (Empirical; No Formal HTS Criteria … yet).
DETERMINE THE METHOD USED TOTEXTILE MATERIAL ON OUTSOLE:-A. Applied with adhesive(flocking, most non-woven)B. Embedded(very hard to do it “right”)C. Sole soiling material(jute rope on an espadrille);
EMBEDDED TEXTILE FABRICS HAVE AN“EMBEDDED”… BLEED-THROUGH PROBLEMMolten rubber bleeds through the textile fabric during the molding process,often covering it completely;Problem worse with thin and/or “open” fabrics;Difficult – and often impossible – to measure in the lab
FOOTWEAR PRODUCTION:-Most ‘brand-name’ footwear is produced overseas. Larger footwear makers inAustralia generally import components and assemble them here, concentrating ondeveloping products that appeal to Australian lifestyles. However there are a fewsmaller Australian footwear companies that specialize in making custom shoes orshoes for niche markets like ballet shoes, golf shoes, riding boots, boots, iceskating boots and therapeutic and industrial footwear.In such companies, there are opportunities for Footwear Makers, Machinists,Finishers, Pattern Makers, Clickers and Table workers. There is also a growingmarket for medical grade footwear and orthopedic shoes, and an increasingdemand for skilled footwear repairers.