FIBRE APPLICATIONS IN SEASSOUVIK NATHCLASS ROLL NO.- 08 SEMESTER- 8THEMAIL ID – email@example.comJUTE AND FIBRE TECHNOLOGYD.J.F.T, UNIVERSITY OF CALCUTTA
WHAT IS MARINE TEXTILES ?Marine the word refers to oceans and seas andhence the name marine textiles refers to thetextiles used in various applications in seas andoceans. Marine textiles are basically a branch oftechnical textiles where the purpose for itsmanufacture is the primary criterion, not it’saesthetic values. Marine textiles plays animportant role in every vessel ranging fromprotection to upholstery. Marine textiles areclassified based on it uses. Composites are beingincreasingly used for various navigational aids.
FIBRES USED IN THE APPLICATIONS OFMARINE TEXTILES• Nylon - light weight, lower water absorption.• Aramid - high strength with light weight.• Polyethelene – ultra-high modulus.• Carbon fibres – high tensile modulus, high thermal conductivity.• Fiber composites of glass reinforced plastic.
WHAT ARE THE IMPORTANT FIBREPROPERTIES ? Water repellent Water proof Flame retardant Abrassion resistant Fastness should be high. Tear strength should be high.
VARIOUS APPLICATION OF TEXTILE FIBREIN SEAS AND OCEANS1. Fishing nets - Fishing nets aremeshes usually formed byknotting a relatively trimmedthread. Modern nets are madefrom artificial polyamides likenylon.2. Boat covers – All-over boat andequipment covers need to reliablywithstand the strenous conditions.These are lightweightconstruction and high techcoating developments.
3. Enclosures – Providing protectionfrom wind and rain. These textilesmust resist inclement weather.Perform reliably under the toughestconditions for many years.4. Marine windows – Absolute claritycombined with flexibility. Resistance tocracking and scratching. Requiresmarine grade PVC of the highestquality.5. Oil spills - A smart sponge used toabsorb and trap oil into it structureand do not let it out. It is a blend ofpetroleum derived polymers.
6. Marine upholsetry – Resists salt waterand ultraviolet radiation. Extensivearray of colours and finishes areavailable. Provides unparalleledflexibility in creating reliableaesthetically appealing marinefurnishings.7. Immersion suit - It is a double linedfire retardant material. Retro-reflective tape on head, chest & arms. Five fingered gloves. Glued andblind stitched seams for total water-proof protection.8. Buoyancy suit - Suits protect againstdrowning & hypothermia. One piecesuit in wind proof ,water repellentouter fabric with built - in buoyancy.Built – in buoyancy & good ventilationresult in comfortable & light weight.
CONCLUSIONMarine textiles materials are used for interior trim andfor ensuring comfort. As in other forms of transport,comfort, design and appearance are important inproviding passengers with relaxing atmospheres. Suchthat the textile materials have used for variousutilities. In this assignment various fibres, theirimportant properties and other important aspects liketheir application in marine ecosystems (seas, oceansetc) are being stated.
IN A NUT-SHELLIn the given assignment (Application of fibre in seas),I have tried my best to cover up as much area aspossible with the help of various sources which are asfollows:1) Various websites like wikipedia, various textilewebsites etc.2) A few journals like Applications of Textiles inMarine Products by Mrinal Singha, Kunal Singha etc.3) Handbook of Technical Textile by A R Horrocks &S C Anand.Wherever possible aid of diagram have been takenfor the compilation of the assignment.