King James I* Inherits all previous debt – constantly fights w P over $* P and its power over finance kept England from absolutism* He dies and his son, Charles I takes throne
Charles I* Needs $ - England is at war with Spain and France* P refuses and he disbands them* He is forced to call them back* P forces him to sign the Petition of Right 1. Can’t imprison anyone w/o due cause 2. Can’t impose new taxes w/o P agreement 3. Can’t house soldiers in private homes 4. Can’t impose martial law in peace time
English Civil War* Charles wants all of England to follow one religion* Scotland rebels and is ready to invade England* Charles now needs a army and…$ * Now P has the upper hand* P again limits Charles power * He tries to arrest members of P * Mobs are calling for his head * He flees to north England and raises a loyal army
English Civil War* Loyal to Charles – Royalist or Cavaliers* Loyal to England or P – Puritans* P “wins” war - Charles is brought to trial * He is found guilty and put to death * Never before has a king been tried and executed!!
The Glorious Revolution* James II is now king – he flaunts his Catholic background * Mary (his daughter) is Protestant * She is “invited” by P to overthrow James * James flees to France thus “The Glorious Revolution”
Constitutional Monarchy* Monarchy and P must work together * Laws will limit monarchs power* English Bill of Rights 1.No suspending of P laws 2.No levy taxes w/o P permission 3.No restricting freedom of speech in P 4.No penalty for citizen who has grievance against king
King James•Said he has divine right to rule•Didn’t make any puritan reformsCharles I•Forced to sign Petition of Right•Attempts to arrest members and eventually ECWCromwell•Eliminated monarchy•Ruled as a dictatorCharles II•“Invited” P to rule England•Passed habeas corpus – limits king’s powerJames II•Tried to have C appointed to high officeWilliam and Mary•Partners in the monarchy•Limited by English Bill of Rights