Roots Of French Revolution

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Roots Of French Revolution

  1. 1. ROOTS OF FRENCH REVOLUTION The First Estate • Less than 1% of population (Clergy) • Owned 15% of land in France • Did not have to pay taxes but made $ off taxing the people
  2. 2. The Second Estate • less than 2% of population • Highest positions in army and govt. • Paid little if any taxes • Enlightenment threatened their status
  3. 3. The Third Estate • 97% of population • The Bourgeoisie (urban class) were “leaders” of Third Estate • Bourgeoisie paid high taxes and wanted political power • 3 other “groups” (poor, city workers, peasants) • Paid heavy taxes, rented land, and paid tithe • No voice in government
  4. 4. Meeting of Estates-General (all 3 estates) Let each delegate have one vote not one vote per estate National Assembly is attempt for 3rd estate to pass laws for France This was 1st act of French Revolution
  5. 5. Tennis Court Oath- 3rd Estate was locked out of meetings and broke down door and stayed at indoor tennis court Storming the Bastille-Louis was trying to make peace with 3rd Estate, rumors made mob storm Bastille July 14, 1789 Great Fear Declaration of the Rights of Man-Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
  6. 6. In June of 1791, Louis XVI tries to make a run for it. The royal family traded clothes with some servants and almost made it out of France before they were captured and returned to Paris. It seems that Louis was recognized by his picture on money. It also seems that that they were traveling in the royal carriage with the royal seal on the side. I can’t imagine how he was captured.
  7. 7. The crowd cheered seeing Citizen Louis (or Louis le dernier to some) being led to the scaffold. For his part, Louis held himself with a great deal of courage and dignity. His last words were, “I am innocent and shall die without fear” His head was held up for the crowd which was silent at first, then they cheered and rushed in to dip handkerchiefs in his blood. Louis XVI was executed on Jan 21, 1793, by the guillotine.

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