Indus

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Indus

  1. 1. <ul><li>Indus River Valley </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Timeline </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted for 1000 yrs </li></ul><ul><li>Vanished w/o a trace </li></ul><ul><li>Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Two main cities: Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa both had 35-40 thousand </li></ul><ul><li>Indus and Ganges rivers flood/recede (many others make area very fertile) </li></ul><ul><li>Mt ranges: Hindu Kush, Karakoram, Himalaya </li></ul><ul><li>Deccan Plateau </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Monsoons: Oct to May dry winds; June wet wind </li></ul><ul><li>Indus floods unpredictable </li></ul><ul><li>Early Peoples </li></ul><ul><li>May have domesticated sheep/goats by 7000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Planned Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Sophisticated cities-grid system </li></ul><ul><li>Citadel-protected major buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Plumbing/sewage systems-almost every house had bathroom/toilet </li></ul><ul><li>Trash chutes took trash to bins outside </li></ul><ul><li>Public Wells </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Culture/Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Stable economy </li></ul><ul><li>No great social divisions </li></ul><ul><li>Society had “toys”-meaning prosperous </li></ul><ul><li>Few weapons-little conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Links to modern Hindu culture-cattle, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Traded with Sumer </li></ul><ul><li>Life </li></ul><ul><li>Centered on the family-3 generations could live together </li></ul><ul><li>Need a second wife? </li></ul><ul><li>The “suttee” </li></ul><ul><li>Mysterious End </li></ul><ul><li>Cities began to decline-1750 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>? Indus river changed course ? </li></ul><ul><li>? Wore out valley’s land ? – over graze, farmed, cut </li></ul><ul><li>? Natural disaster ? </li></ul><ul><li>? Enemy attacks ? </li></ul>

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