Culture Of The Mountain And The Sea Greece

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Culture Of The Mountain And The Sea Greece

  1. 1. Culture of the Mountain and the Sea-Greece
  2. 2. <ul><li>Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks shaped by geography </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky land -high mts, deep valleys </li></ul><ul><li>Only ¼ land for farming; ¾ mts </li></ul><ul><li>Lacked natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>The Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Easy access to sea – trade important </li></ul><ul><li>1400 islands; 50,000 sq. mls. </li></ul><ul><li>“ liquid highways” linked Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing, sailing, trading </li></ul><ul><li>The Land </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers of land and unity – city states </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>“ Great” weather </li></ul><ul><li>“ Outdoor” peoples </li></ul>
  3. 3. Minoans <ul><li>Named after King Minos of Crete </li></ul><ul><li>Knossos capital </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled 2700-1450 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles had running H2O, frescoes </li></ul><ul><li>Bull important </li></ul><ul><li>Traded for food, resources </li></ul><ul><li>Strong navy to protect trade </li></ul><ul><li>Declined b/c of nat. disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Mycenaean's take over </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mycenaean Civilization <ul><li>Came from IE groups </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles, warrior – kings, lavish lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled Greece 1600-1200 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Traded and raided in Mediterrean </li></ul><ul><li>Invaded Crete assumed Minoan civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Declined from civil wars/natural disasters </li></ul><ul><li>The battle of Troy (Trojan War) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Decline of Greek Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Mycenaeans fall – Dorians take place </li></ul><ul><li>Epics of Homer - greatest Greek story teller </li></ul><ul><li>Illiad / Odyssey-tales of Greek heroics </li></ul><ul><li>Arête-virtue and excellence </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Myths </li></ul><ul><li>Stories about their gods and heroes </li></ul><ul><li>Helped to explain mysteries of nature , life </li></ul>

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