Ch. 3.3
<ul><li>Dominated trade in the Mediterranean Sea from 2000-1400 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Lived on Crete,  Map </li></ul><ul>...
 
<ul><li>Knossos,  the Minoan capital city.  </li></ul><ul><li>An advanced and thriving culture.  </li></ul><ul><li>Probabl...
<ul><li>1100 B.C., Crete falls </li></ul><ul><li>Now the  Phoenicians  dominate trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Located in presen...
<ul><li>The Phoenicians developed a writing system that used symbols to represent sounds.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Phoen...
<ul><li>How could long distance trade affect these ancient civilizations? </li></ul><ul><li>How does trade affect our civi...
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Ch 3.3 Seafaring Traders Extend Boundaries

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Ch 3.3 Seafaring Traders Extend Boundaries

  1. 1. Ch. 3.3
  2. 2. <ul><li>Dominated trade in the Mediterranean Sea from 2000-1400 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Lived on Crete, Map </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best pottery of the time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traded pottery with neighboring cultures, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This spreads culture around the area. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas/beliefs influence future Greeks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ended about 1200 B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural disasters, earthquakes ,volcanoes, may have wiped out the cities or at least weakened them enough for attacks from Greek invaders. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Knossos, the Minoan capital city. </li></ul><ul><li>An advanced and thriving culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Probably peaceful -Minoan cities no fortifications </li></ul><ul><li>Wall paintings show them as athletic, graceful. </li></ul><ul><li>Art depict women’s role in religious ceremonies. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>1100 B.C., Crete falls </li></ul><ul><li>Now the Phoenicians dominate trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Located in present day Lebanon. Map </li></ul><ul><li>Great shipbuilders and seafarers. </li></ul><ul><li>Important cities: Sidon, Tyre, Berytus, Byblos and Carthage </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for purple dye, made from a rotting murex snail. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It took 60,000 snails to make 1 pound of dye! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Phoenicians need system for recording transactions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed phonetic alphabet </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>The Phoenicians developed a writing system that used symbols to represent sounds. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Phoenician system was phonetic—that is, one sign was used for one sound. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In fact, the word alphabet comes directly from the first two letters of the Phoenician alphabet: aleph and beth. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Greeks adopted the Phoenician Alphabet, adapting it into the Greek Alphabet we know today, which is the basis for the English Alphabet. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>How could long distance trade affect these ancient civilizations? </li></ul><ul><li>How does trade affect our civilization today? </li></ul>

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