PP Workshop: Session 6 Research techniques & Info evaluation1. Questionnaire  • Who are your target respondents  • What do...
QuestionnaireWhat is a questionnaire?What are the purposes of using aquestionnaire?
QuestionnaireAdvantages    − Cost effective     − easy to analyze     − uniform question presentation       can reduce bias
QuestionnaireDisadvantagespossibility of low response rates•difficult to probe responses•some respondents may find•questio...
Questionnaire Design
Questionnaire Design•   A short and meaningful title;•   Well-defined goals;•   Clear and concise instructions on how to c...
Questionnaire design•   Use simple and direct language.        −   use short sentences and basic vocabulary•   Provide inc...
How to set questions•   Use multiple choice questions•   Avoid using the word “AND”       −   e.g. Do you like the smell a...
How to set questions?    Avoid emotionally loaded or vaguely defined words,    e.g. most, least, majority.        −   the...
Types of InterviewsFace to faceTelephoneEmail        Samples from Youtube        A couple of our own examples!!!!!!!
Interviews•    What information do you want to gather?•    Select the right person•    Use your contacts to contact the “r...
Benefits of interviews    Intimacy of chatting to someone    Provides detail not found anywhere else    Credibility if ...
Before the Interview1.   Listen2. Read background information –      •   Know who you are talking to3.   Carefully formula...
During the Interview1. Explain briefly why you are interviewing this person – your   PP.2. Dont be distracted or look bore...
During the Interview6. Ask questions if you dont understand7. Listen carefully to information given toward the end of   th...
After the Interview1. Edit your notes, labelling main points, adding recall   clues.2. Call with further questions to be a...
Reporting on your InterviewIn your Report you have to :     •       refer to the interview in the body of your            ...
Is all the information gathered             usable ?
Information Evaluation                         Currency   Authority                    ObjectivityAccuracy                ...
Where you should be now!    You have started reading the PP course in    Moodle    You have built a timeline to finish y...
Need help to do research?
Keeping your Process JournalYour Supervisor will want to see yourProcess Journal every meeting.Your Process Journal is a p...
Keeping your Process JournalSee Appendix examples ►   Decide on your format ►   Date all your entries. ► Each time you wor...
Keeping your Process JournalReflect honestly on how you think you are goingand how you are feeling about the process.Menti...
Research techniques & Information evaluation
Research techniques & Information evaluation
Research techniques & Information evaluation
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Research techniques & Information evaluation

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Research Techniques and Information Evaluation for the Personal Project students.

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Research techniques & Information evaluation

  1. 1. PP Workshop: Session 6 Research techniques & Info evaluation1. Questionnaire • Who are your target respondents • What do you want to know2. Interview3. Information evaluation
  2. 2. QuestionnaireWhat is a questionnaire?What are the purposes of using aquestionnaire?
  3. 3. QuestionnaireAdvantages − Cost effective − easy to analyze − uniform question presentation can reduce bias
  4. 4. QuestionnaireDisadvantagespossibility of low response rates•difficult to probe responses•some respondents may find•questionnaire too difficult to handle.
  5. 5. Questionnaire Design
  6. 6. Questionnaire Design• A short and meaningful title;• Well-defined goals;• Clear and concise instructions on how to complete the questionnaire;• Begin with easy / interesting questions;• Place the most important items in the first half of the questionnaire; • Respondents often send back partially completed questionnaires;• KISS = Keep it short and simple.
  7. 7. Questionnaire design• Use simple and direct language. − use short sentences and basic vocabulary• Provide incentives − motivation for a properly completed questionnaire.• Make it convenient − to complete − to return• Use a target group to run a trial for your questionnaire.
  8. 8. How to set questions• Use multiple choice questions• Avoid using the word “AND” − e.g. Do you like the smell and the texture of chocolate biscuit − Do you like playing football and tennis.• Leave no ambiguity to respondents. − There should be only one correct or appropriate choice for the respondent to make.
  9. 9. How to set questions? Avoid emotionally loaded or vaguely defined words, e.g. most, least, majority. − these adjectives mean different things to different people. Put similar questions into groups Do not use unfamiliar words or abbreviations. − Remember who your audience is and write your questionnaire for them. Do not ask the respondent to order or rank a series of more than five items − the complexity of the task makes the answers less reliable.
  10. 10. Types of InterviewsFace to faceTelephoneEmail Samples from Youtube A couple of our own examples!!!!!!!
  11. 11. Interviews• What information do you want to gather?• Select the right person• Use your contacts to contact the “right” person• Tell them about the Personal Project• Be honest with the interviewee• Take visuals if you have them
  12. 12. Benefits of interviews Intimacy of chatting to someone Provides detail not found anywhere else Credibility if you select an expert Experience the first hand information Could lead to other people, places etc Builds contacts, networks, relationships........
  13. 13. Before the Interview1. Listen2. Read background information – • Know who you are talking to3. Carefully formulating your questions – 5Ws and H4. Be alert - eat a snack beforehand5. Take an appropriate notebook6. Practice using your recording machine – ask first!!!7. Trial run the interview with a friend8. Make an appointment and do not be late!!!!!!
  14. 14. During the Interview1. Explain briefly why you are interviewing this person – your PP.2. Dont be distracted or look bored - actively listen3. Note only the important points4. If the interviewee has an accent you find hard to understand or has mannerisms you find distracting, relax and ask them to repeat the information – be polite at all times5. Be consistent and formal in your use of form of address eg Miss Wong, MrsTrebilcock, Dr Faunce.
  15. 15. During the Interview6. Ask questions if you dont understand7. Listen carefully to information given toward the end of the briefing as summary statements may be of particular value8. Clear up any questions raised by the interviewee9. Thank the interviewee sincerely for their time and availability.
  16. 16. After the Interview1. Edit your notes, labelling main points, adding recall clues.2. Call with further questions to be answered if needed.3. Check the information against other sources and resources4. Record your reflection in your Process Journal – your experience? your feelings? relate to AOI? You goal? What you would do to improve technique?
  17. 17. Reporting on your InterviewIn your Report you have to : • refer to the interview in the body of your essay • use quotes from your interview • a summary of the interview in the Appendix • acknowledge the interview in the “Works Cited” • Name, format, date.
  18. 18. Is all the information gathered usable ?
  19. 19. Information Evaluation Currency Authority ObjectivityAccuracy Coverage
  20. 20. Where you should be now! You have started reading the PP course in Moodle You have built a timeline to finish your product. You have begun your Process Journal.
  21. 21. Need help to do research?
  22. 22. Keeping your Process JournalYour Supervisor will want to see yourProcess Journal every meeting.Your Process Journal is a practical notebook~ plans, draft ideas, diagrams, sketches.It doesnt have to be really neat.Include photos in your Process Journalto show work in progress.
  23. 23. Keeping your Process JournalSee Appendix examples ► Decide on your format ► Date all your entries. ► Each time you work on your Personal Project spend 5—10 minutes writing up what you have done. ► Write about the people you have consulted, the placesyou have visited and the resources you have used.► Highlight the ATL keywords used.
  24. 24. Keeping your Process JournalReflect honestly on how you think you are goingand how you are feeling about the process.Mention the challenges you face and yourplans to overcome them.Evaluate your progress ~ write aboutthe skills you have learnt.Include any queries or problems you wantto discuss with your Supervisor.

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