All the Revenue Streams:
musicians’ pie charts

money.futureofmusic.org

Denver Music Summit #DenMusicSummit
Producer and songwriter: gross income 2010-11
Years active: 1994-present
PRO royalties
25%
Songwriter/producer/
arranger f...
Recording artist: gross income 2010-11
Years active: 2006-present
Publisher support
25%

Record label support
30%

Roles: ...
Jazz manager: gross income 2010-11
Teaching
10%
Record label advance
7%

Composer commission
7%
Live performance fees
62%
...
Nashville session player: gross income 2010-11
Years active: 1974-present
Roles: Performer, session musician,
producer, ba...
Classical performer: gross income 2010-11
Years active: 1979-present
Live performance fees:
City Opera salary
46%

Live pe...
Freelance violinist: gross income 2012
Years active: 2001-present
Roles: Performer, producer, session
musician/freelancer,...
Retired indie rocker: gross income 2012
Years active: 1990-1997

Digital
performance
royalties
48%

Recording
sales royalt...
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Denver Music Summit: musicians' revenue pies

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Denver Music Summit: musicians' revenue pies

  1. 1. All the Revenue Streams: musicians’ pie charts money.futureofmusic.org Denver Music Summit #DenMusicSummit
  2. 2. Producer and songwriter: gross income 2010-11 Years active: 1994-present PRO royalties 25% Songwriter/producer/ arranger fees 50% Roles: Songwriter, producer, arranger Percent of time: 100% Synch licensing fees 10% Percent of income: 95% Genres: R&B, hip hop and pop Sheet music licensing 5% Ringtone licensing 5% Mechanical royalties 5% 2010 Activity: wrote about 450 songs to pitch to artists, participated in 50 writing sessions, worked with 25 different recording artists
  3. 3. Recording artist: gross income 2010-11 Years active: 2006-present Publisher support 25% Record label support 30% Roles: Recording artist, composer, performer, producer Percent of time: 100% Record royalties 10% Merchandise sales 10% Percent of income: 100% Live performance fees 25% Genres: indie rock, pop 2010-11 Activity: One recording, 50-100 live performances
  4. 4. Jazz manager: gross income 2010-11 Teaching 10% Record label advance 7% Composer commission 7% Live performance fees 62% CD sales on the road 6% PRO royalties 5% Session musician 2% Years active: clients range from fewer than 10 years, 10-20 years, 30-40 years Roles: Recording artist, composer/ arranger, performer, band leader, producer, side musician, educator Percent of time: 100% Percent of income: 100% Genres: jazz Typical 2010 Activity: One recording, 40 live performances
  5. 5. Nashville session player: gross income 2010-11 Years active: 1974-present Roles: Performer, session musician, producer, bandleader, songwriter, journalist, label owner Producer 22% Session player: studio 30% Live performances 17% Percent of time: 100% Percent of income: 100% Record sales 11% Mechanicals and PRO royalties 3% Digital performance royalties 3% AFM/AFTRA Fund 4% SR Special Payments Fund 6% AFM Secondary Markets Fund 4% Genres: country, bluegrass, rock, jazz 2010-11 Activity: 1 album as leader, produced 2 albums, 30-40 recording sessions, 40 live performances
  6. 6. Classical performer: gross income 2010-11 Years active: 1979-present Live performance fees: City Opera salary 46% Live performance fees: City Ballet sub 28% Roles: Performer, session musician, teacher Percent of time: 100% Freelance performance fees 14% Percent of income: 100% Genres: classical 2010 Activity: 5-10 recording sessions, 150-200 live performances Teaching 1% AFM Secondary Markets Fund 7% AFM/AFTRA Fund Session player: studio fees for film music 1% 3%
  7. 7. Freelance violinist: gross income 2012 Years active: 2001-present Roles: Performer, producer, session musician/freelancer, composer Sideman: live, in studio, on TV 71% Percent of time: 30% Administrator/Curator 25% Percent of income: 18% Genres: contemporary classical, jazz, indie, americana Sound Recordings Special Payments Fund 1% Mechanical royalties 1% TV Residuals 1% Live performance (Leader) 1% 2012 Activity: 6 recordings, 75 shows with 12 different groups
  8. 8. Retired indie rocker: gross income 2012 Years active: 1990-1997 Digital performance royalties 48% Recording sales royalties 52% Roles: Performer, recording artist, songwriter Percent of time (now): 5% Percent of income: 3% Genres: indie rock 2012 Activity: collected royalties on 4 albums

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