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All the Revenue Streams:
musicians’ pie charts

money.futureofmusic.org

Denver Music Summit #DenMusicSummit
Producer and songwriter: gross income 2010-11
Years active: 1994-present
PRO royalties
25%
Songwriter/producer/
arranger fees
50%

Roles: Songwriter, producer,
arranger
Percent of time: 100%

Synch licensing fees
10%

Percent of income: 95%
Genres: R&B, hip hop and pop

Sheet music licensing
5%
Ringtone licensing
5%
Mechanical royalties
5%

2010 Activity: wrote about 450
songs to pitch to artists, participated
in 50 writing sessions, worked with
25 different recording artists
Recording artist: gross income 2010-11
Years active: 2006-present
Publisher support
25%

Record label support
30%

Roles: Recording artist, composer,
performer, producer
Percent of time: 100%

Record royalties
10%

Merchandise sales
10%

Percent of income: 100%
Live performance fees
25%

Genres: indie rock, pop
2010-11 Activity: One recording,
50-100 live performances
Jazz manager: gross income 2010-11
Teaching
10%
Record label advance
7%

Composer commission
7%
Live performance fees
62%

CD sales on the road
6%

PRO royalties
5%
Session musician
2%

Years active: clients range from
fewer than 10 years, 10-20 years,
30-40 years
Roles: Recording artist, composer/
arranger, performer, band leader,
producer, side musician, educator
Percent of time: 100%
Percent of income: 100%
Genres: jazz
Typical 2010 Activity: One
recording, 40 live performances
Nashville session player: gross income 2010-11
Years active: 1974-present
Roles: Performer, session musician,
producer, bandleader, songwriter,
journalist, label owner

Producer
22%

Session player: studio
30%

Live performances
17%

Percent of time: 100%
Percent of income: 100%

Record sales
11%

Mechanicals and
PRO royalties 3%
Digital performance
royalties 3%
AFM/AFTRA Fund
4%

SR Special Payments Fund
6%
AFM Secondary Markets Fund
4%

Genres: country, bluegrass, rock,
jazz
2010-11 Activity: 1 album as leader,
produced 2 albums, 30-40 recording
sessions, 40 live performances
Classical performer: gross income 2010-11
Years active: 1979-present
Live performance fees:
City Opera salary
46%

Live performance fees:
City Ballet sub
28%

Roles: Performer, session musician,
teacher
Percent of time: 100%

Freelance performance fees
14%

Percent of income: 100%
Genres: classical
2010 Activity: 5-10 recording
sessions, 150-200 live performances

Teaching
1%

AFM Secondary
Markets Fund
7%
AFM/AFTRA Fund Session player: studio
fees for film music
1%
3%
Freelance violinist: gross income 2012
Years active: 2001-present
Roles: Performer, producer, session
musician/freelancer, composer

Sideman:
live, in studio, on TV
71%

Percent of time: 30%
Administrator/Curator
25%

Percent of income: 18%
Genres: contemporary classical,
jazz, indie, americana

Sound Recordings
Special Payments Fund
1%

Mechanical royalties
1%

TV Residuals
1%
Live performance
(Leader)
1%

2012 Activity: 6 recordings,
75 shows with 12 different groups
Retired indie rocker: gross income 2012
Years active: 1990-1997

Digital
performance
royalties
48%

Recording
sales royalties
52%

Roles: Performer, recording artist,
songwriter
Percent of time (now): 5%
Percent of income: 3%
Genres: indie rock
2012 Activity: collected royalties on
4 albums

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Denver Music Summit: musicians' revenue pies

  • 1. All the Revenue Streams: musicians’ pie charts money.futureofmusic.org Denver Music Summit #DenMusicSummit
  • 2. Producer and songwriter: gross income 2010-11 Years active: 1994-present PRO royalties 25% Songwriter/producer/ arranger fees 50% Roles: Songwriter, producer, arranger Percent of time: 100% Synch licensing fees 10% Percent of income: 95% Genres: R&B, hip hop and pop Sheet music licensing 5% Ringtone licensing 5% Mechanical royalties 5% 2010 Activity: wrote about 450 songs to pitch to artists, participated in 50 writing sessions, worked with 25 different recording artists
  • 3. Recording artist: gross income 2010-11 Years active: 2006-present Publisher support 25% Record label support 30% Roles: Recording artist, composer, performer, producer Percent of time: 100% Record royalties 10% Merchandise sales 10% Percent of income: 100% Live performance fees 25% Genres: indie rock, pop 2010-11 Activity: One recording, 50-100 live performances
  • 4. Jazz manager: gross income 2010-11 Teaching 10% Record label advance 7% Composer commission 7% Live performance fees 62% CD sales on the road 6% PRO royalties 5% Session musician 2% Years active: clients range from fewer than 10 years, 10-20 years, 30-40 years Roles: Recording artist, composer/ arranger, performer, band leader, producer, side musician, educator Percent of time: 100% Percent of income: 100% Genres: jazz Typical 2010 Activity: One recording, 40 live performances
  • 5. Nashville session player: gross income 2010-11 Years active: 1974-present Roles: Performer, session musician, producer, bandleader, songwriter, journalist, label owner Producer 22% Session player: studio 30% Live performances 17% Percent of time: 100% Percent of income: 100% Record sales 11% Mechanicals and PRO royalties 3% Digital performance royalties 3% AFM/AFTRA Fund 4% SR Special Payments Fund 6% AFM Secondary Markets Fund 4% Genres: country, bluegrass, rock, jazz 2010-11 Activity: 1 album as leader, produced 2 albums, 30-40 recording sessions, 40 live performances
  • 6. Classical performer: gross income 2010-11 Years active: 1979-present Live performance fees: City Opera salary 46% Live performance fees: City Ballet sub 28% Roles: Performer, session musician, teacher Percent of time: 100% Freelance performance fees 14% Percent of income: 100% Genres: classical 2010 Activity: 5-10 recording sessions, 150-200 live performances Teaching 1% AFM Secondary Markets Fund 7% AFM/AFTRA Fund Session player: studio fees for film music 1% 3%
  • 7. Freelance violinist: gross income 2012 Years active: 2001-present Roles: Performer, producer, session musician/freelancer, composer Sideman: live, in studio, on TV 71% Percent of time: 30% Administrator/Curator 25% Percent of income: 18% Genres: contemporary classical, jazz, indie, americana Sound Recordings Special Payments Fund 1% Mechanical royalties 1% TV Residuals 1% Live performance (Leader) 1% 2012 Activity: 6 recordings, 75 shows with 12 different groups
  • 8. Retired indie rocker: gross income 2012 Years active: 1990-1997 Digital performance royalties 48% Recording sales royalties 52% Roles: Performer, recording artist, songwriter Percent of time (now): 5% Percent of income: 3% Genres: indie rock 2012 Activity: collected royalties on 4 albums