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SMART modelling
Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
London
4th November 2014
Tim Stonor
Architect & Urban Planner
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
What is a Smart City?
How can a Smart Cit...
Tim Stonor
Integrated Urbanism Space Syntax © 2014
Part Two The UK Smart & Future City effort
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
The legacy of uban failure
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
How people live
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Beware fanciful ideas
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Embrace the new science of cities
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Avoid introverted architecture
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Plan at a human scale Construct an Urban ...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
data porn
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
The new art of urban data science
0
1
2
3...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Sense
Map
Analyse
React
Test
…
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Sense
Map
Analyse
React
Test
…
S
M
A
R
T
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
1. Focus on space The data framework
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Space Syntax Spatial Layout Accessibility
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Courtesy of The TLRN Central London Pedes...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Trafalgar Square, London
Observe Explain
...
Tim Stonor
Integrated Urbanism Space Syntax © 2014
Darwin, Australia
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Disconnected Layout
Spatial Accessibility...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
2. Co-create between academia & industry
...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
3. Focus on human outcomes
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
4. Model the impact of cities on resource...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
4. Model the impact of cities on resource...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
5. Model the impact of cities on the envi...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
1. Focus on space
2. Co-create between ac...
Actions
Decisions
Consultations
Ideas for change
Uncertainties
People
1.Behaviour
2.Wealth
3.Health
4.Safety
5.Cultural id...
Tim Stonor
Spatial layout as critical infrastructure
IGEBC UK Seminar
Space Syntax © 2014
Spatial Accessibility
High
Low
S...
Tim Stonor
Spatial layout as critical infrastructure
IGEBC UK Seminar
Space Syntax © 2014
Spatial Accessibility
High
Low
S...
Tim Stonor
Spatial layout as critical infrastructure
IGEBC UK Seminar
Space Syntax © 2014
Spatial Accessibility
High
Low
S...
Tim Stonor
Spatial layout as critical infrastructure
IGEBC UK Seminar
Space Syntax © 2014
Spatial Accessibility
High
Low
S...
Tim Stonor
Spatial layout as critical infrastructure
IGEBC UK Seminar
Space Syntax © 2014
Spatial Accessibility
High
Low
S...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
GO-Science Foresight
Future of Cities
Fut...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
GO-Science Foresight
Future of Cities
Fut...
The Future of Cities Foresight Project
Overview
Project aim
Provide central and local
government with an evidence
base to ...
1. In which locations, and in what numbers, are people going to live,
work and take leisure?
2. What forms of movement wil...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
GO-Science Foresight
Future of Cities
Fut...
Copyright © 2012 BSI.
All rights reserved.
o Existing standards mapped onto
smart city model
✓ Mostly Technical: “What”
ne...
Copyright © 2012 BSI.
All rights reserved.
ISO
Advisory
Group on
Smart Cities ISO/TC 268
Sustainable
development
in
commun...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
0. Spatial Layout
1. Movement
2. Land Use...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Darwin, Australia CBD Expansion
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Pedestrian movement Hourly average Weekda...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Darwin City: $1,525/m2
Larrakeyah: $1,230...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Building attraction Land use
Community
Re...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Building attraction Building height
Study...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Transport attraction Bus routes & bus sto...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Transport attraction Parking zones & spac...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Building attraction Active frontages
Stud...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Spatial Layout Attraction
Spatial Accessi...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Spatial Layout Attraction Masterplan desi...
@Tim_Stonor
SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM
NBS Live
Space Syntax © 2014
Darwin, Australia CBD Expansion
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Tim Stonor_SMART modelling

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Presentation given at the NBS Live conference, London, 4th November 2014.

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Tim Stonor_SMART modelling

  1. 1. SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live London 4th November 2014 Tim Stonor Architect & Urban Planner
  2. 2. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 What is a Smart City? How can a Smart City be planned & governed? Where is the place for technology in the Smart City? Part One The “Smart” context
  3. 3. Tim Stonor Integrated Urbanism Space Syntax © 2014 Part Two The UK Smart & Future City effort
  4. 4. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 The legacy of uban failure
  5. 5. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 How people live
  6. 6. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Beware fanciful ideas
  7. 7. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Embrace the new science of cities
  8. 8. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Avoid introverted architecture
  9. 9. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Plan at a human scale Construct an Urban BIM Special project development guidelines Primary routes Land use mix Commercial 30% Residential 65% Social Infrastructure 5% FAR 4.5 Plot coverage (ground) 80 – 100% Plot coverage (upper) 50 – 75% Building height 5 – 7 Secondary routes Land use mix Commercial 10% Residential 75% Social Infrastructure 15% FAR 3.0 Plot coverage (ground) 70 – 80% Plot coverage (upper) 50 – 60% Building height 4 – 5 Self organising development guidelines Plot area FAR 60 - 99 sq m 1.0 100 – 299 sq m 3.0 300 – 599 sq m 4.0 600+ sq m 5.0
  10. 10. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 data porn
  11. 11. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 The new art of urban data science 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 y = .784x + 2.147, R-squared: .589 Spatial accessibility Pedestrianmovement Spatial accessibility -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 y = 1.235x + 1.048, R-squared: .702 Vehiclemovement
  12. 12. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Sense Map Analyse React Test …
  13. 13. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Sense Map Analyse React Test … S M A R T
  14. 14. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 1. Focus on space The data framework
  15. 15. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Space Syntax Spatial Layout Accessibility
  16. 16. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Courtesy of The TLRN Central London Pedestrian Study by Atkins 80% retail located on 20% most spatially accessible streets
  17. 17. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Trafalgar Square, London Observe Explain Forecast Deliver
  18. 18. Tim Stonor Integrated Urbanism Space Syntax © 2014 Darwin, Australia
  19. 19. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Disconnected Layout Spatial Accessibility Score = 35 Connected layout Spatial Accessibility Score = 75 Disconnected Layout Connected Layout Difference IRR 15% 18% 3% NPV $1.6 billion $1.1 billion $0.5 billion Real estate value analysis 不動産価値の分析
  20. 20. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 2. Co-create between academia & industry University College London Space Syntax
  21. 21. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 3. Focus on human outcomes
  22. 22. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 4. Model the impact of cities on resource flows
  23. 23. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 4. Model the impact of cities on resource flows
  24. 24. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 5. Model the impact of cities on the environment
  25. 25. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 1. Focus on space 2. Co-create between academia & industry 3. Focus on human outcomes 4. Model the impact of cities on resource flows 5. Model the impact of cities on the environment Space Syntax Key lessons
  26. 26. Actions Decisions Consultations Ideas for change Uncertainties People 1.Behaviour 2.Wealth 3.Health 4.Safety 5.Cultural identity Resources 1.Materials 2.Energy 3.Finance 4.Utilities supply 5.Waste handling Urban Form 1.Spatial Form 2.Physical Form - capacity - location - condition - value v3 Environment 1.Sun 2.Wind 3.Rainfall 4.Groundform 5.Biodiversity Data Mapping Data Quantification Map Urban Data Collective Integrated platform for visualising performance data How is the place working? Opportunities & Constraints Creation of Conceptual Options React Urban Strategy Integrated urban policy and practice What are the opportunities for change? Test Urban Forecast Model Scenario testing & performance forecasting How will performance be affected by change? Simulation & Optimisation of Options Development of Preferred Option Understandings Analyse Urban Performance Model Integrated urban diagnostics: spatial analytics Why does the place work the way it does? Urban Diagnosis Issues, Objectives & Principles SMART STEPSUSER INTERFACES Decision groups Data out DATA INPUTS 1 2 3 4 5 6 Space Syntax © 2014 Sense Health Wealth Happiness Datain Behaviour change Integrated Urban Model
  27. 27. Tim Stonor Spatial layout as critical infrastructure IGEBC UK Seminar Space Syntax © 2014 Spatial Accessibility High Low Spatial masterplanning Rapid design development & testing 空間マスタープラン 迅速なデザイン検討と評価
  28. 28. Tim Stonor Spatial layout as critical infrastructure IGEBC UK Seminar Space Syntax © 2014 Spatial Accessibility High Low Spatial masterplanning Rapid design development & testing 空間マスタープラン 迅速なデザイン検討と評価
  29. 29. Tim Stonor Spatial layout as critical infrastructure IGEBC UK Seminar Space Syntax © 2014 Spatial Accessibility High Low Spatial masterplanning Rapid design development & testing 空間マスタープラン 迅速なデザイン検討と評価
  30. 30. Tim Stonor Spatial layout as critical infrastructure IGEBC UK Seminar Space Syntax © 2014 Spatial Accessibility High Low Spatial masterplanning Rapid design development & testing 空間マスタープラン 迅速なデザイン検討と評価
  31. 31. Tim Stonor Spatial layout as critical infrastructure IGEBC UK Seminar Space Syntax © 2014 Spatial Accessibility High Low Spatial masterplanning Rapid design development & testing 空間マスタープラン 迅速なデザイン検討と評価
  32. 32. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 GO-Science Foresight Future of Cities Future Cities/Transport Catapult/Demonstrators Professional Institutes UK Research Councils UKTI Smart Cities Innovate UK Cities Programme UK Cities & Citizens Manufacturing, Construction, Consulting & Utilities Industries Academic Institutions British Standards/ Open Data Institute GO-Science Foresight Future of Cities Smart Cities Ministerial Forum Government Depts. UK Smart & Future Cities Strategy 英国貿易投資総省 英国研究会議 学術機関 製造、建設、コンサルティン グ、公益事業 の各業界 未来都市、交通システムカタ パルトの運動 各省庁の スマートシティ部門 英国のスマートシティ戦略 イノベーティブUK プログラム 英国の都市・市民 ビジネス・イノベーション ・技能省 未来都市フォーサイト ・プロジェクト 各専門家団体・組織 英国規格協会 オープンデータ協会
  33. 33. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 GO-Science Foresight Future of Cities Future Cities/Transport Catapult/Demonstrators Professional Institutes UK Research Councils UKTI Smart Cities Innovate UK Cities Programme UK Cities & Citizens Manufacturing, Construction, Consulting & Utilities Industries Academic Institutions British Standards/ Open Data Institute GO-Science Foresight Future of Cities Smart Cities Ministerial Forum Government Depts. UK Smart & Future Cities Strategy
  34. 34. The Future of Cities Foresight Project Overview Project aim Provide central and local government with an evidence base to support decisions in the short term which will lead to positive outcomes for cities in the long term. Spatial scales UK system of cities and city systems. Time horizons 2040, 2065.
  35. 35. 1. In which locations, and in what numbers, are people going to live, work and take leisure? 2. What forms of movement will exist to connect people together? 3. What flows of resources will need to occur - for example with energy, water and waste – to support human behaviour patterns? 4. What technologies will exist to support these interactions? 5. What impacts will these have on the natural environment? 6. How will future places be funded? 7. How will decisions be made to address each of these questions? The Future of Cities Foresight Project Key urban policy questions
  36. 36. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 GO-Science Foresight Future of Cities Future Cities/Transport Catapult/Demonstrators Professional Institutes UK Research Councils UKTI Smart Cities Innovate UK Cities Programme UK Cities & Citizens Manufacturing, Construction, Consulting & Utilities Industries Academic Institutions British Standards/ Open Data Institute GO-Science Foresight Future of Cities Smart Cities Ministerial Forum Government Depts. UK Smart & Future Cities Strategy
  37. 37. Copyright © 2012 BSI. All rights reserved. o Existing standards mapped onto smart city model ✓ Mostly Technical: “What” needs to be done to implement ✓ Some Process: “How” actions and steps to be taken to implement ✓ Few Strategic: “Why” planning and management guidance www.bsigroup.com/smartcitymapping Mapping smart city standards
  38. 38. Copyright © 2012 BSI. All rights reserved. ISO Advisory Group on Smart Cities ISO/TC 268 Sustainable development in communities Strategic Process Technical Current ISO work Current CEN work ISO/IEC JTC1 Study Group on Smart Cities IEC Systems Evaluation Group on Smart Cities CEN CENELEC ETSI Co- ordination Group on Smart & Sustainable, Cities & Communities Current IEC work Current ITU work ISO/TC 268/SC 1 Smart Community Infrastructure ITU-T Focus Group on Smart, Sustainable Cities BSI Lead International smart city standardisation activities
  39. 39. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 0. Spatial Layout 1. Movement 2. Land Use 3. Crime & Safety 4. Land Value 5. Carbon Emissions Integrated Urban Model
  40. 40. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Darwin, Australia CBD Expansion
  41. 41. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Pedestrian movement Hourly average Weekday Pedestrian movement people per hour 800- above 500- 800 200 - 500 100 - 200 50 - 100 0 - 50
  42. 42. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Darwin City: $1,525/m2 Larrakeyah: $1,230/m2 Stuart Park: $759/m2 The Gardens: $687/m2 (UCV taken from NT government data in 2011) Building attraction Land values 5,000 to 200,000 2,500 to 5,000 2,000 to 2,500 1,750 to 2,000 1,500 to 1,750 1,250 to 1,500 1,000 to 1,250 750 to 1,000 500 to 750 250 to 500 0 to 250 Study area Unimproved Capital Value (UCV) in $ per m2
  43. 43. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Building attraction Land use Community Retail Residential Medical Storage Catering Offices Education Leisure Under construction Industry Parking Ground floor land use Services Hotels Vacant Civic Agriculture Transport Empty or abandoned site Utilities Green open space Study area
  44. 44. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Building attraction Building height Study area 20 toabove 6 to 9 3 to 5 2 1 10 to 15 Building storeys
  45. 45. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Transport attraction Bus routes & bus stops Bus routes Bus stops Study area
  46. 46. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Transport attraction Parking zones & spaces Parking space Zone A ($2.20/hr for up to 2 hours) Zone B ($1.60/hr for up to 3 hours) Zone C ($1.10/hr or $6.50 full day) 15-minute zone (Free of charge) Taxi zone Study area
  47. 47. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Building attraction Active frontages Study area
  48. 48. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Spatial Layout Attraction Spatial Accessibility High
  49. 49. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014
  50. 50. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Spatial Layout Attraction Masterplan design
  51. 51. @Tim_Stonor SMART modelling Developing an Urban BIM NBS Live Space Syntax © 2014 Darwin, Australia CBD Expansion

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