How a Bill becomes a Law “ You think you know, but you have no idea.”
How a Bill becomes a Law? General Considerations: *Only Members of the House or Senate can introduce a Bill What is a Bill...
How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- The Bill will start in either the House or the Senate (all revenue bill ...
How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- Once in a committee, they will have the following options: 1:  Report th...
How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- STEP 3 :  Bill is Sent to the House Rules Committee and  placed on the c...
How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- Voting (con’t) In the House =   -  debate is limited to an hour per memb...
How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- <ul><li>The different types of voting methods are: </li></ul><ul><li>1. ...
How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- STEP 5-8:  The same steps 1-4 are repeated in the other house of Congres...
How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- President’s options for a bill: 1:  Sign bill-  becomes a law 2:  Veto b...
How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- Presidential Vetoes
How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process-
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How a Bill becomes a Law?

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How a Bill becomes a Law?

  1. 1. How a Bill becomes a Law “ You think you know, but you have no idea.”
  2. 2. How a Bill becomes a Law? General Considerations: *Only Members of the House or Senate can introduce a Bill What is a Bill? - It is a proposed law. - THOUSANDS are proposed a year (very few survive the process). <ul><li>Types: </li></ul><ul><li>Public bills- measures that apply to the nation as a whole. (i.e. water regulations, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Private bills- measures that apply to certain places or people (i.e. schools/ roads in Western Pennsylvania) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Often riders are attached to bills, which are provisions that are designed to aid a group of people, but do not pertain to the bill as a whole. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- The Bill will start in either the House or the Senate (all revenue bill must start in the House) STEP 1: Bill is placed in the hopper (box), read titled and numbered. EX: H.R.0157 = “House Resolution” 1057 S.4556 = “Senate” 4556 STEP 2: Bill is sent to the proper Standing Committee. EX: H.R.4185 : To direct the Consumer Product Safety Commission to strengthen regulations concerning the flammability of children's clothing. Sponsor: Rep Andrews, Robert E. [NJ-1] (introduced 11/1/2007)      Cosponsors (None) Committees: House Energy and Commerce Latest Major Action: 11/1/2007 Referred to House committee. Status: Referred to the House Committee on Energy and Commerce
  4. 4. How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- Once in a committee, they will have the following options: 1: Report the bill favorably - pass recommendation. (don’t pass the bill) 2: Report the bill unfavorably - do not pass recommendation. 3: Report the bill in an amended form (make changes to it) 4: Report a committee bill (make their own substitute bill) 5: Pigeonhole it: -bill is effectively dead b/c the committee never deals with it. * MOST BILLS DIE IN THE COMMITTEE STAGE .
  5. 5. How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- STEP 3 : Bill is Sent to the House Rules Committee and placed on the calendar or just placed on a calendar in the Senate. House Rules Committee can do following: - grant a rule = place on calendar - do not grant rule = bill is dead - grant a special rule- set conditions which bill can be discussed. - grant a privileged rule – bill receives immediate action. STEP 4: Bill is retuned to the House or Senate. - Read a 2 nd time, a quorum must be present to take a vote in House. quorum = majority + 1 = 218 Representatives
  6. 6. How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- Voting (con’t) In the House = - debate is limited to an hour per member, the Speaker can cut that short <ul><li>In the Senate = </li></ul><ul><li>no time limit for debate. </li></ul><ul><li>Filibuster = Senators can speak for as long as they want to. </li></ul><ul><li>- A filibuster can be ended by invoking cloture , which requires 3/5 th of the Senate, debate is then limited to an hour. </li></ul>Ex: Strom Thurmond holds the record for the longest filibuster: It lasted 24 hours and 18 minutes. He was attempting to delay a vote on the Civil Rights Act of 1957. He read from the Bible and the Washington Phone Book to prolong the debate. It was unsuccessful.
  7. 7. How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- <ul><li>The different types of voting methods are: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Voice Vote- Aye or Nay </li></ul><ul><li>2. Standing Vote- members stand and are counted, must be requested. </li></ul><ul><li>Teller Vote- one person from each party counts the vote, 1/5 th quorum request. </li></ul><ul><li>Roll Call Vote- demanded by 1/5 th of members present, vote appears over large board above the Speaker or President of Senate, 15 minutes to cast vote. </li></ul>After the bill has been voted on and passed, it is engrossed , which means: 1) Read for a third time. 2) Signed by the presiding officer. 3) Sent to the other house of Congress.
  8. 8. How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- STEP 5-8: The same steps 1-4 are repeated in the other house of Congress. <ul><li>* If the bills differ between the House and Senate = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- a Conference committee is formed to work out the differences b/t the two bills (must be identical) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>* If the bill are identical = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- the bill is sent to the President. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- President’s options for a bill: 1: Sign bill- becomes a law 2: Veto bill- must return it to the originating housewith reasons why. - Can be over ridden with a 2/3 rd vote of both houses. 3: Allow a bill to become a law by not signing it- - if a bill sits on the President’s desk for 10 days w/o action while Congress is in session, it becomes a law. 4: Pocket veto- - if a bill sits on the President’s desk for 10 days while Congress is leaving or out of session, it is dead.
  10. 10. How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process- Presidential Vetoes
  11. 11. How a Bill becomes a Law? The Law Making Process-

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