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NANDA LAL T S DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL LIBRARIES AND FUTURE OF TRADITIONAL LIBRARIES

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NANDA LAL T S DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL LIBRARIES AND FUTURE OF TRADITIONAL LIBRARIES

  1. 1. DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL LIBRARIES AND THE FUTURE OF TRADITIONAL LIBRARIES NANDA LAL T.S. MLISc 4rd Semester Student DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY & INFORMATION SCIENCE UNIVERSITY OF KERALA Email-tsnandalal@gmail.com
  2. 2. About the study….  This study focuses upon the ability to discern the transformational changes to the traditional libraries to digital environment.  It covers a comparative study of traditional and digital libraries.  Analyze the challenges facing by the traditional libraries
  3. 3. Introduction to a library LIBRARY  Library is a building in which collections of books, CDs, newspapers, etc. are kept for people to read, study or borrow OXFORD ADVANCED LEARNER'S DICTIONARY
  4. 4. Traditional Libraries Traditional Libraries are commonly referred as Public libraries which provide access to physical resource materials of general interest and are open to everyone This libraries act as a centre of information and has a pivotal role to play in promoting sustainable development in the society.
  5. 5. Future of Traditional Libraries Recent global developments in communications technology, digital media, network services, and electronic commerce present transformational innovative opportunities and fundamental challenges for traditional libraries. For the two decades Print medium is increasingly giving way to the electronic form of materials.
  6. 6. Factors affecting to the growth of traditional libraries  The way people access information  Convergence of computer technology and telecommunication  Development of better information storage search and retrieval systems  Free and open access information  Any time anywhere access  Availability in different formats  Cost effectiveness
  7. 7. From Traditional Library to Digital Library Traditional Library Automated Library Digital Library Electronic Library
  8. 8. Digital Libraries  A digital library (also referred to as electronic library or virtual library) is a focused collection of digital objects that can include text, visual material, audio material, video material, stored as electronic media formats (as opposed to print, micro form, or other media), along with means for organizing, storing, and retrieving the files and media contained in the library collection.
  9. 9. History of DL DL projects started in the early 1990s. E.g. Vatican Library Accessible Worldwide and Alexandria DL.  The term digital libraries were first popularized by the NSF/DARPA/NASA Digital Libraries Initiative in 1994
  10. 10. Characters  Digital libraries are the digital face of traditional libraries  Electronic content management and dissemination  provides any form or format of knowledge  Computer Networked and Organised
  11. 11. Advantages of Digital Libraries over Traditional Libraries  No physical boundary - In Any formats  Electronical Information retrieval  Availability and easy access  Multiple accesses  Preservation and conservation  Effective Storage and dissemination  Anytime anywhere anyone access
  12. 12. Future of Digital Libraries  The entire world is going online.  Large scale digitization projects are underway at Google, the Million Book Project, and Internet Archive.  In future, libraries will reinvent themselves by perfecting the path that they have now begun. They will become more of a fusion of physical and virtual realms.
  13. 13. Comparative study of traditional and digital library Character Traditional Libraries Digital Libraries 1. Collection Print collection All resources in digital form 2. Status Stable, with slow evolution Dynamic and ephemeral 3. Object Relations Individual objects not directly linked with each other Multi-media and fractal objects 4. Metadata Structure Flat structure with minimal contextual metadata Scaffolding of data structures and richer contextual metadata 5. Contents Scholarly content with validation process More than scholarly content with various validation processes
  14. 14. Character Traditional Libraries Digital Libraries 6. Access Points Limited access points and centralized management Unlimited access points, distributed collections and access control 7. Organization The physical and logical organization correlated The physical and logical organization may be virtually 8. Access to document Free and universal access Free as well as fee based 9. Size of library collections Limited by physical size of library Unlimited collection 10. Interaction one-way, loosely coupled (slow) interaction Two-way communication with tight, fast interaction Comparative study of traditional and digital library
  15. 15. The summary….
  16. 16. Conclusions  Digital libraries are not fundamentally different from 'traditional' libraries; either in the purposes of existing, or in the services provided.  The main differences come down to how the services are provided, and how collections are stored and managed.  The emphasis in roles of knowledge professional will likely to change in accordance with needs of the user community and the level of technological sophistication.
  17. 17. References  Adams, W. J., Jansen, B. J., & Smith, T. (1999). Planning, Building, and Using a Distributed Digital Library. In CoLIS.  Akst, D. (2003). The digital library: its future has arrived. Carnegie Reporter, 2(3), 4-8.  Chisita, C. T. (2011, August). Role of libraries in promoting the dissemination and documentation of indigenous agricultural information: Case Study of Zimbabwe. In World Library and Information Congress: 77th IFLA General Conference and Assembly, available at: http://conference. ifla. org/past/ifla77/78-chisita-en. pdf (accessed 20 December 2011).
  18. 18. References…  Chowdhury, G. G., & Chowdhury, S. (1999). Digital library research: major issues and trends. Journal of documentation, 55(4), 409-448.  Cleveland, G. (1998). Digital libraries: definitions, issues and challenges. IFLA, Universal dataflow and telecommunications core programme.  Ghosh, M. (2005). The public library system in India: challenges and opportunities. Library Review, 54(3), 180-191.  Public library. (2015, February 21). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 6, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Public_library&oldid  Rubin, R. E. (1998). Foundations of Library and Information Science. Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc., 100 Varick St., New York, NY 10013.  Varalakskhmi, R. S. R. (2009). Future of Library and Information Centres in Knowledge Socie. DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, 29(2), 75-81.

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