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Mezirow’s Theory of Transformational Learning by C.S. Holt
What is transformational learning? <ul><li>The process of recognizing, analyzing and making deliberate changes to the assu...
5 MAIN STEPS  THAT LEAD TO TRANSFORMATIONAL LEARNING
5 Step Process of Transformation <ul><li>Identify assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>(What are assumptions?) </li></ul><ul><li>...
Step 1  :  Identify Assumptions <ul><li>Assumptions are the underlying feelings, attitudes and thoughts that learners poss...
<ul><li>Assumptions are created within a certain context.  </li></ul><ul><li>They govern how we view reality.  </li></ul><...
<ul><li>The validity of the assumptions must be questioned and the learner must know what these assumptions really mean fo...
<ul><li>The learner takes all of the previous knowledge and begins to make new choices that are more meaningful, inclusive...
Step 5 : Reflection (3 types) <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking of the actual content  </li></ul><ul><li>Process ...
Overview <ul><li>The 5 main steps that lead to Transformational learning describe the basic overall process </li></ul><ul>...
PHASES OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEARNING
Important Points <ul><li>There are 5 overall main steps & overarching ideas of the transformational learning process  </li...
10 Phases of Transformational Learning <ul><li>Dilemma </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Examination </li></ul><ul><li>Self Assessmen...
Phases 1 - 5  <ul><li>1.  Disorienting Dilemma </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Self Examination with feelings of shame, fear, guilt ...
<ul><li>6.  Planning a course of action </li></ul><ul><li>7.  Acquiring knowledge and skills to implement plan </li></ul><...
Important Points <ul><li>Dilemma & discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment & examination of assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>L...
Summary <ul><li>According to Mezirow’s theory of Transformational Learning, there are 5 main steps that lead to transforma...
Thank you for giving me your attention, sharing your knowledge and offering vital feedback today.  Please complete the sur...
References <ul><li>Bachkirova, T. (2009).  Cognitive-developmental approach to coaching:  An interview with Robert Kegan. ...
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Mezirows Theory

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Theory of Transformational Learning

Mezirows Theory

  1. 1. Mezirow’s Theory of Transformational Learning by C.S. Holt
  2. 2. What is transformational learning? <ul><li>The process of recognizing, analyzing and making deliberate changes to the assumptions that we have that cause us to think act and behave in certain ways. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 5 MAIN STEPS THAT LEAD TO TRANSFORMATIONAL LEARNING
  4. 4. 5 Step Process of Transformation <ul><li>Identify assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>(What are assumptions?) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the cultural or historical origins of assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>(Where did this idea or behavior come from?) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Question the real meaning of the assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>(What is the underlying reason for the assumption?) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop alternative ways of behaving </li></ul><ul><li>(How can we act, think or do things differently?) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Meaningful Reflection </li></ul>
  5. 5. Step 1 : Identify Assumptions <ul><li>Assumptions are the underlying feelings, attitudes and thoughts that learners possess within them. </li></ul><ul><li>They originate in many different places. </li></ul><ul><li>They can be historical, social or cultural or otherwise </li></ul><ul><li>The learner behaves or believes certain things because it is an expected or taught behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions guide learners in all aspects of their lives. They guide the way that we see, feel and think about the world around us. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Assumptions are created within a certain context. </li></ul><ul><li>They govern how we view reality. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the contexts include race, gender, ethnicity, organizational structures, and personal experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>The context of these assumptions must be discovered because it helps the learner to understand why they feel and behave in a certain way. </li></ul>Step 2 : Analyze the Assumptions
  7. 7. <ul><li>The validity of the assumptions must be questioned and the learner must know what these assumptions really mean for them as an individual. </li></ul><ul><li>The learner decides whether each of the assumptions is useful, meaningful and beneficial to their lives. </li></ul>Step 3 : Question the real meaning of Assumptions
  8. 8. <ul><li>The learner takes all of the previous knowledge and begins to make new choices that are more meaningful, inclusive and open. </li></ul><ul><li>Learners must begin the transfer this new knowledge to create new behaviors and thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>The learner has allowed a transformation to take place through thoughtful reflection and analysis. </li></ul>Step 4 : Develop Alternative Behaviors
  9. 9. Step 5 : Reflection (3 types) <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking of the actual content </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking of how to handle the experience </li></ul><ul><li>Premise </li></ul><ul><li>Examining long held beliefs and assumptions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Overview <ul><li>The 5 main steps that lead to Transformational learning describe the basic overall process </li></ul><ul><li>There are more detailed behaviors that occur within each of the 5 steps </li></ul><ul><li>There are 10 phases of development that give a more detailed view of the learning process. These phases include some parts of each of the 5 steps. </li></ul>
  11. 11. PHASES OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEARNING
  12. 12. Important Points <ul><li>There are 5 overall main steps & overarching ideas of the transformational learning process </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>but ….. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 10 mini-phases that you will go in and out of during the process of transforming yourself </li></ul>
  13. 13. 10 Phases of Transformational Learning <ul><li>Dilemma </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Examination </li></ul><ul><li>Self Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of discontent </li></ul><ul><li>5 Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Plan Action </li></ul><ul><li>Acquire skills </li></ul><ul><li>New roles </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>10 Reintegration </li></ul>
  14. 14. Phases 1 - 5 <ul><li>1. Disorienting Dilemma </li></ul><ul><li>2. Self Examination with feelings of shame, fear, guilt or anger </li></ul><ul><li>3. Critical assessment of assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>4. Recognition that discontent and process of transformation are shared </li></ul><ul><li>5. Exploration of options for new roles, relationships and actions </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>6. Planning a course of action </li></ul><ul><li>7. Acquiring knowledge and skills to implement plan </li></ul><ul><li>8. Temporarily try out new roles </li></ul><ul><li>9. Building self-confidence and competence in new roles and relationships </li></ul><ul><li>10. Reintegrating of new perspectives into life based on new conditions </li></ul>Phases 6 - 10
  16. 16. Important Points <ul><li>Dilemma & discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment & examination of assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>Look for new ways to act & think </li></ul><ul><li>Active reflective & rational discourse takes place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New meanings are discussed and evaluated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set aside bias, prejudice and personal concerns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider supporting evidence & arguments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examine alternative perspectives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teacher and learner play an active role </li></ul>
  17. 17. Summary <ul><li>According to Mezirow’s theory of Transformational Learning, there are 5 main steps that lead to transformation </li></ul><ul><li>There are 10 phases that a person goes in and out of throughout this process </li></ul><ul><li>You have had an opportunity to analyze your life as it relates to your own assumptions in life and apply this theory for real meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>I hope that you have a greater understanding of the purpose of dilemmas in your life and how our preconceived notions, ideas, thoughts & behaviors are created to form who we really are. </li></ul><ul><li>I also hope that you see that there is a way to modify your behaviors and thoughts when these things are not in correlation to what you want to be. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Thank you for giving me your attention, sharing your knowledge and offering vital feedback today. Please complete the survey and email it back to me so that I will know how to improve this presentation for future audiences. Have a great day! Email: [email_address]
  19. 19. References <ul><li>Bachkirova, T. (2009). Cognitive-developmental approach to coaching: An interview with Robert Kegan. Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice </li></ul><ul><li>2 (1), 10-22 </li></ul><ul><li>Erickson, D. (2007). A developmental re-forming of the phases of meaning in transformational learning. Adult Education Quarterly , 58 (1), 61-80. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database. </li></ul><ul><li>Eriksen, K. (2008). &quot;Interpersonal&quot; clients, students, and supervisees: Translating Robert Kegan. Counselor Education and Supervision , 47 (4), 233-248. </li></ul><ul><li>Grossman, R. (2009). Structures for facilitating student reflection. College Teaching, 57 (1), 15-22. </li></ul><ul><li>Tsao,Michael & Kazuya Takahashi, et-al. (2010). Transformative Learning. Retrieved on March 12, 2010 from: http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Transformative_Learning#Scenario_breakdown_of_the_Mezirow_phases_of_transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Woerkom, M. (2004). The concept of critical reflection and its implication for human resource development. Advances for Developing Human Resources. 6(2), 178-192. </li></ul><ul><li></li></ul>

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