Committee members• Steve Buttry, director of community engagement and social media • Craig Silverman, an adjunct faculty member at the Poynter for Digital First Media and Journal Register Co., ONA Institute, an award-winning journalist and the founder/editor of representative Regret the Error• Maria Cianci, a managing editor at Yahoo! • Jim Slusher, assistant managing editor for opinion, the Daily• William G. Connolly, retired in 2001 as a senior editor of The Herald Media Group in suburban Chicago New York Times • Dylan Smith, the editor and publisher of TucsonSentinel.com,• Mike Farrell, associate professor in the School of Journalism and chairman of the board of the Local Independent Online News Telecommunications at the University of Kentucky Publishers• Pam Fine, Knight Chair for News, Leadership and Community, a • Patrick Smith, an online editor at The Omaha World-Herald in professor of journalism at the University of Kansas, ASNE board Nebraska member. • Nicole Stockdale, the assistant editorial page editor for The• Steve Fox, University of Massachusetts at Amherst journalism Dallas Morning News and editor of the Sunday opinion section, faculty Points• Henry Fuhrmann, an assistant managing editor at The Los • David Swartzlander, assistant professor of journalism and the Angeles Times Journalism Department chairman at Doane College in Nebraska,• Bob Heisse, is executive editor of The State Journal-Register in president of the College Media Advisors Springfield, Ill., regional editor for GateHouse Media in Illinois, • Amy Tardif, station manager and news director at WGCU FM immediate past president of the Associated Press Media Editors in Southwest Florida, RTDNA representative• Margaret Holt, standards editor at The Chicago Tribune • Fara Warner, editorial director, business, technology and• Jan Leach, associate professor in the School of Journalism and entertainment group, at AOL Mass Communication at Kent State University • Mark Willis, journalist with Sirius-XM Satellite Radio,• Norman P. Lewis, assistant professor of journalism at the RTDNA representative University of Florida • Stacey Woelfel, associate professor at the University of• Teresa Schmedding, deputy managing editor/digital operations of Missouri School of Journalism and the news director for the Daily Herald Media Group in suburban Chicago, president of KOMU-TV the American Copy Editors Society • Kent Zelas, a blog editor with the AOL Huffington Post Media• Nancy A. Sharkey, professor of practice in the School of Group Journalism at the University of Arizona• Travis Siebrass, the assistant news editor/digital at the Daily Herald Media Group in suburban Chicago
The findingsBill Connolly, New York Times (retired)Henry Fuhrmann, Los Angeles TimesBob Heisse, State Journal-Register, APMENancy Sharkey, University of ArizonaNorm Lewis, University of Florida
About the ProjectWilliam Connolly, chairRetired senior editorNew York Times
Plagiarism ResearchNorm Lewis, Ph.D.University of Florida
1. Plagiarism and fabrication arediscrete issues. Plagiarism Fabrication Nonfiction; Fiction; copying sans making up attribution people, facts
3. Plagiarism is a serious mistakebut rarely our field’s worst offense. “We believe plagiarism is among journalism’s most serious professional breaches, if not the single most graveEditor of a thing.”major metrodaily, 2005
4. How often plagiarism actuallyoccurs is yet to be researched.
5. Plagiarism cases that becomepublic are relatively rare.
Plagiarism by full-timers at daily, professional U.S. news organization, 1997 to 2012
Plagiarism by full-timers at daily, professional U.S. news organization, 1997 to 201220151050 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12
8. Plagiarism occurs in part becausethe rules are unclear.
(a) When does info. become public domain? At Hurricane Katrina shelter: “And so many of the people in the arena here, you know, were underprivileged anyway, so this -- this is working very well for them.”Former First LadyBarbara Bush Source: NRP Marketplace Sept. 5, 2005
Defining the ProblemOnline: The wild, wild Web
Building BarriersBob HeisseExecutive editorState Journal-Register, Springfield, Ill.
Building BarriersWho plagiarizes or fabricates?Amateur writer or blogger vs. proInexperienced or student vs. veteranSmall newsrooms vs. larger newsroomsNo clear findings
Building BarriersNewsroom policies todayOften clear about why plagiarism iswrong and a serious transgressionRarely outline prevention steps orpolicies on sourcing and attributionNor do they spell out how the newsorganization will deal with an incident ordiscipline an offender
Building BarriersCharacteristics of a strong policy:Be clear that offenses will be dealt withShare policy widely and confrontincidents with opennessConduct random spot-checks ofreporters’ sourcesSpecify discipline: Plagiarism judged byseverity; fabrication always dismissalTreat everyone equally
Building BarriersSteps for news organizations:Encourage video or audio of interviewsRequire reporters to discuss unnamedsources with at least one editorMake digital reporters link to materialthat will confirm sources’ identitiesEditors should challenge and checkdigital material
Responding to LapsesNancy A. SharkeyProfessorUniversity of Arizona
State of mediaNicole Stockdale, Dallas Morning NewsStephen Buttry, Digital First Media, ONAJim Slusher, Daily Herald Media GroupStacey Woelfel, KOMU-TV/University of Missouri
Thebook Download the book free at www.rjionline.org/newsbooks
Thank you To all the journalism organizations and journalists who donated their time and intellect to this project.To the Reynolds Journalism Institute for publishing the ebook. To the Ethics & ExcellenceJournalism Foundation for generously underwriting the cost of this summit.