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Volcano Vocabulary <ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? ...
Volcano <ul><li>Opening in the Earth’s surface that erupts sulfurous gases, ash and lava </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are...
Vent <ul><li>Opening where magma is forced up and flows out onto Earth’s surface   </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the c...
Crater <ul><li>Steep walled depression around a volcano’s vent   </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and...
Magma <ul><li>Hot melted rock below the Earth’s surface </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples...
Magma Chamber <ul><li>Deep well underground that holds magma under a volcano   </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the chara...
Lava <ul><li>Thick gooey molten rock material flowing from volcanoes onto Earth’s surface </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What ar...
Plate Tectonics <ul><li>Earth’s crust, and upper mantle are broken into plates that flow and move around on plastic-like l...
Divergent Plate Boundary <ul><li>Boundary between two plates that are moving apart </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the c...
Convergent Plate Boundary <ul><li>place where Earth’s plates move toward each other   </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are th...
Shield Volcano <ul><li>Broad, gently sloping volcano formed by quiet eruptions of lava.  Found mostly where Earth’s plates...
Tephra <ul><li>Bits of rocks and solidified lava dropped from the air during an explosive volcanic eruptions; range in siz...
Cinder Cone Volcano <ul><li>Steep sides, loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground.  Formed  from ande...
Composite Volcano <ul><li>Volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lav...
Hot Spot <ul><li>Unusually hot area where magma breaks through the crust and forms a volcano. Not at a plate boundary. Thi...
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Volcano Vocabulary

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Volcano Vocabulary

  1. 1. Volcano Vocabulary <ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Volcano <ul><li>Opening in the Earth’s surface that erupts sulfurous gases, ash and lava </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vent <ul><li>Opening where magma is forced up and flows out onto Earth’s surface </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Crater <ul><li>Steep walled depression around a volcano’s vent </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Magma <ul><li>Hot melted rock below the Earth’s surface </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Magma Chamber <ul><li>Deep well underground that holds magma under a volcano </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lava <ul><li>Thick gooey molten rock material flowing from volcanoes onto Earth’s surface </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Plate Tectonics <ul><li>Earth’s crust, and upper mantle are broken into plates that flow and move around on plastic-like layer of the mantle </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Divergent Plate Boundary <ul><li>Boundary between two plates that are moving apart </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Convergent Plate Boundary <ul><li>place where Earth’s plates move toward each other </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Shield Volcano <ul><li>Broad, gently sloping volcano formed by quiet eruptions of lava. Found mostly where Earth’s plates move apart from each other. Formed from basaltic lava. </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tephra <ul><li>Bits of rocks and solidified lava dropped from the air during an explosive volcanic eruptions; range in size from volcanic ashes to volcanic bombs and blocks </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cinder Cone Volcano <ul><li>Steep sides, loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground. Formed from andesitic lava. </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Composite Volcano <ul><li>Volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; has broad base with a steep top; found mostly where Earth’s plates come together and one plate sinks below the other. Formed from granitic magma. </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hot Spot <ul><li>Unusually hot area where magma breaks through the crust and forms a volcano. Not at a plate boundary. This is how Hawaii formed. </li></ul><ul><li>E.Q. : What are the characteristics and examples of the different types of volcanic eruptions? </li></ul>

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