Rock Cycle Vocabulary

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Rock Cycle Vocabulary

  1. 1. Rock Cycle Vocabulary
  2. 2. Rock <ul><li>a mixture of one or more minerals, volcanic glass, organic matter, or other materials </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sedimentary Rock <ul><li>forms when sediments are compacted and cemented together or when minerals are left behind by evaporation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Examples
  5. 5. Metamorphic Rock <ul><li>forms when heat and pressure act on igneous, metamorphic or sedimentary rock and change its form or make up . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Examples
  7. 7. Igneous Rock <ul><li>intrusive or extrusive rock formed when hot magma cools and hardens </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples
  9. 9. Rock Cycle <ul><li>model that describes how rocks slowly change from one form to another through time </li></ul>
  10. 10. Example
  11. 11. Sediments <ul><li>loose materials such as rock fragments, dirt, silt, and sand </li></ul>
  12. 12. Magma <ul><li>hot, melted rock material beneath the Earth’s surface </li></ul>
  13. 13. Weathering <ul><li>surface process that breaks rocks into smaller pieces (wind, rain, temperature, etc) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Erosion <ul><li>process in which surface materials (sediments) are worn away and transported from one place to another by water, wind, and glaciers </li></ul>
  15. 15. Deposition <ul><li>The process of eroded materials being moved and deposited in another place. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Cementation <ul><li>sedimentary rock-forming process in which large sediments are held together by natural cements (matrix) like evaporated mud </li></ul>
  17. 17. Compaction <ul><li>process that forms sedimentary rocks when layers of small sediments are compressed by the weight of the layers above </li></ul>

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