Copyright T. Schaelen 2004-2014


Three unrhymed lines



17 syllables: 5, 7, 5



Juxtaposes contrasting
images that work together
to create meaning,
...
 1st

part of the term is from
a type of linked-verse poem

 2nd

part is from hok ,
the initial stanza of a haikai

kai...


Haikai are written by groups of poets



Each short poem has to be able to stand on
its own as well as build on the on...
Opening poems of the haikai Three Poets at Minase,
a 100-verse sequence created in 1488 by Sogi,
Shohaku, and Socho, all o...


The first poem of the series,
the hokku, sets the tone of the poem.



Must contain 3 lines with set syllables.



Mu...


Hokku were collected in anthologies,
severed from their original context.



Eventually poets began to write hokku
wit...


Bashō, in the 17th century, was writing
during this transformation.



How does The Narrow Road honor
the roots of the...


Haikai was popular entertainment
rather than literature; it was valued for
cleverness, puns, and humor.



Bashō infus...
His poems . . .
 “capture the universe in a
grain of sand” (Lawall
605).


employ Buddhist notion of
impermanence



ex...
On a journey, ailing—
My dreams roam about
Over a withered moor.
Works Cited and Consulted
Abrams, M. H. A Glossary of Literary Terms. 7th ed. Ft. Worth: Harcourt,
1999. Print
Kohl, Steph...
Image Credits









Slide 2: Reprinted in http://www2.kenyon.edu/Depts/
Religion/Fac/Adler/Reln360/SYL360.htm
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Week 8: A Brief Introduction to Haiku

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Week 8: A Brief Introduction to Haiku

  1. 1. Copyright T. Schaelen 2004-2014
  2. 2.  Three unrhymed lines  17 syllables: 5, 7, 5  Juxtaposes contrasting images that work together to create meaning, emotion, or mood.  Japan’s most popular verse form famous Bashō poem: An old pond— A frog leaps in, The sound of water
  3. 3.  1st part of the term is from a type of linked-verse poem  2nd part is from hok , the initial stanza of a haikai kai,
  4. 4.  Haikai are written by groups of poets  Each short poem has to be able to stand on its own as well as build on the one before it.  A new stanza completes the poem, and it also becomes the start of a new one.  Poets often composed in competitions, and the resulting poems were anthologized.
  5. 5. Opening poems of the haikai Three Poets at Minase, a 100-verse sequence created in 1488 by Sogi, Shohaku, and Socho, all of whom Basho admired. Some snow still remains as haze moves low on the slopes toward evening. Sogi Flowing water, far away— and a plum-scented village. Shohaku Wind off the river blows through a clump of willows— and spring appears. Socho A boat being poled along, sounding clear at break of day. Sogi Still there, somewhere: the moon off behind the mist traversing the night. Shohaku
  6. 6.  The first poem of the series, the hokku, sets the tone of the poem.  Must contain 3 lines with set syllables.  Must set the scene: season Do you see these three elements  time of day in the last slide’s hokku?  landscape features Some snow still remains  as haze moves low on the slopes toward evening.
  7. 7.  Hokku were collected in anthologies, severed from their original context.  Eventually poets began to write hokku without the rest of the longer work, and these came to be called haiku.  The term “haiku” actually wasn’t used until the 19th century.
  8. 8.  Bashō, in the 17th century, was writing during this transformation.  How does The Narrow Road honor the roots of the haiku? The poems are not part of a linkedverse sequence, but they are linked to his travels.  Sora and his poems are included to bring poetic collaboration to the work. 
  9. 9.  Haikai was popular entertainment rather than literature; it was valued for cleverness, puns, and humor.  Bashō infused it with deep thought and eternal human themes, elevating it to the level of art.
  10. 10. His poems . . .  “capture the universe in a grain of sand” (Lawall 605).  employ Buddhist notion of impermanence  explore wisdom found in nature  Juxtapose transitory and eternal
  11. 11. On a journey, ailing— My dreams roam about Over a withered moor.
  12. 12. Works Cited and Consulted Abrams, M. H. A Glossary of Literary Terms. 7th ed. Ft. Worth: Harcourt, 1999. Print Kohl, Stephen W. Matso Basho’s Narrow Road to the Deep North. Univ. of Oregon. 18 May 2004. Web. Lawall, Sarah, ed. The Norton Anthology of World Literature. 2nd ed. Vol. D. New York: Norton, 2002. Print. “Matsuo Basho.” World Literature Online. Bedford St. Martin’s. n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2013. Ueda, Makoto. The Master Haiku Poet Matsuo Basho. New York: Twayne, 1970. Print.
  13. 13. Image Credits       Slide 2: Reprinted in http://www2.kenyon.edu/Depts/ Religion/Fac/Adler/Reln360/SYL360.htm Slide 4: Reprinted in http://www.haikudesigns.com/ Slide 6: http://bonya.wordpress.com/2008/11/22/haikugreen-blood/ Slide 9: http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap050909.html Slide 10: Reprinted in http://www.konishi.co.jp/html/ fujiyama/english/nagaya/img/basho.jpg Slide 11: Reprinted in http://www.pref.shiga.jp/ profile/jinbutsu/hist-p/basho.gif

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