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  1. 1. California: A HistoryPart One<br />By Tryzon Valencia<br />
  2. 2. A Troubled Territory<br />1821 Mexico receives it’s independence from Spain<br />1824 Mexico becomes a federal republic with California; both Alta and Baja<br />November 7, 1836, Californians stood up to proclaim California a free sovereign state led by Juan Bautista Alvarado<br />Native Americans seized control of the three missions<br />1833 Mexican congress demanded all missions to be secularized and land tribute to the Hispanic Indians<br />
  3. 3. A Troubled Territory<br />Brevet Brigadier and Jose Figueroa were the governor during the Mexican Era<br />President of Mexico, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna cancelled Hijars commission as governor<br />August 4, 1834, Figueroa took charge of secularization of the missions but died the following year<br />600 land grants were made during the Mexican Era<br />1832-1833 Agustin Zamorano, became acting governor; brought printing and develop trade with New England, Latin America, and the Far East<br />
  4. 4. A Troubled Territory<br />Trading led to American Annexation during the Mexican Era<br />September 1786, two trade ships headed to the Philippines<br />1792 English Naval Explorer, Captain George Vancouver led a scientific voyage in San Francisco Bay<br />Was an exploration connection between Spanish California and scientific ambitions of Enlightenment<br />
  5. 5. War and Peace<br />California connect to Military for the rest of the 19th century<br />United States became a military power, California was very important<br />1914 San Diego Navy established it’s first Naval fleet<br />September 1, 1939 During WWII, Germany invaded Poland, Japan invasion of Machuna during 1931<br />
  6. 6. War and Peace<br />December 1941, Great Britain and Greece was only resistance left<br />December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor was attacked<br />War Department increase, California was making the United States a “Arsenal of Democracy<br />Pearl Harbor threw the entire Pacific of California into panic<br />
  7. 7. War And Peace<br />1913 White California movement gained power, legislative passed the Alien Land Act, Japanese where not allowed to own land, determined to become anti-Japanese US Senate Phelan<br />1905 Jordan joins San Mateo Attorney Henry Pike Bowie to form Japan Society of Northern California, dedicated to showing the United States the beauty of Japan, White California racism was based on envy since the Japanese were good and effective agricultural laborers <br />California between 1945 and 1960 has been consider postwar development<br />
  8. 8. Arnold!Stewardship or Squandered Legacy<br />California progressives distrust big governments, corporations, and labor<br />2003 California recalled one governor and elected another<br />California Progressivism both liberal and conservative <br />1960s California Republicanism became anti-government and populist, Democratic towards another direction<br />
  9. 9. Arnold!Stewardship or Squandered Legacy<br />1966 Ronald Regan ran as anti-government Republican reformer and sign into law the single largest tax hike in California history with Democrats<br />Dissent California was more on industrial and labor related<br />Dissent expanded in second half of 1900s into politics, feminism, sexuality, education, drug use, and military service<br />Proposition 13 was passed by vote two thirds in favor, that reduced residential property taxes<br />
  10. 10. Arnold!Stewardship or Squandered Legacy<br />January 2003, taxpayers uncomfortable with governor, Gray Davis, put a pension to remove Davis<br />Arnold Schwarzenegger, Australia immigrant, was elected governor in October 2003 when Davis was recalled<br />Arnold considered perfect for governor; accomplish so much entering the United States as an immigrant, leading an immigrant state<br />California economy around 1.5 trillion dollars<br />