Lhasa community, world heritage and human rights
-Amund Sinding Larsen
Tryambakesh Kumar Shukla
UEP, NTNU
Lhasa – History
• Lhasa, a holy city for Buddhist.
• Seat of Dalai Lama’s Political Power
until 1959.
• Was Largest Polity...
Lhasa – Chinese Control, Changing Urban form and Heritage
Source: The Temples of Lhasa, Tibetan Buddhist Architecture
from...
The Barkhor: The circumambulation road
around Jokhang.
Tibetans going around Jokhang.
Buildings on Barkhor street
Barkhor shopping mall
Old City district of Lhasa.
Demolition work ouside Old Lhasa.
http://issuu.com/internationaltibetnetw
ork/docs/unesco_lhasareport_2013
Impact on People of Tibet
• Socio-cultural lifestyle
• Religion and Religious Lifestyle
• Education
• Language
• Economy
•...
World Heritage Impact
• Recognition of Lhasa nationally and internationally
Discussion
• What is the future of Lhasa?
• Will Lhasa be able to maintain its cultural identity?
• Who and what defines t...
Lhasa, Cultural heritage, Urban Transformation and Human Rights
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Lhasa, Cultural heritage, Urban Transformation and Human Rights

  1. 1. Lhasa community, world heritage and human rights -Amund Sinding Larsen Tryambakesh Kumar Shukla UEP, NTNU
  2. 2. Lhasa – History • Lhasa, a holy city for Buddhist. • Seat of Dalai Lama’s Political Power until 1959. • Was Largest Polity in Tibetan Plateau. • He constructed The Potala Palace and The Norbulingka Palace. • Physical and symbolic center of governance. • By 1950, Lhasa had an area of 1.5 sq. km surrounded by a “Lingkor”. • Population was 15,000. 1994 – The Potala Palace 2001- The Norbulingka Palace 2000 – The Jokhang Temple Circumambulation Route in Lhasa UNESCO World Heritage Sites
  3. 3. Lhasa – Chinese Control, Changing Urban form and Heritage Source: The Temples of Lhasa, Tibetan Buddhist Architecture from 7th to the 21st century. • People’s Republic of China took over Lhasa in 1951. • Resulted in demographic transformation. • Lhasa became crowded resulting poverty, lack of basic services. • Between 1995 and 2005, old traditional buildings were demolished and larger housing projects were started. • Out of 700 historic buildings, only 300 survived till 1995 and this number reduced to 50 in 2005. • Lhasa covers area of 80-90 sq.km in 2005, with population of 500,000 which comprises mostly the migrants. • Old Lhasa or Old neighborhoods are on verge of extinction.
  4. 4. The Barkhor: The circumambulation road around Jokhang. Tibetans going around Jokhang.
  5. 5. Buildings on Barkhor street Barkhor shopping mall
  6. 6. Old City district of Lhasa. Demolition work ouside Old Lhasa.
  7. 7. http://issuu.com/internationaltibetnetw ork/docs/unesco_lhasareport_2013
  8. 8. Impact on People of Tibet • Socio-cultural lifestyle • Religion and Religious Lifestyle • Education • Language • Economy • Sinicisation (Chinalisation)
  9. 9. World Heritage Impact • Recognition of Lhasa nationally and internationally
  10. 10. Discussion • What is the future of Lhasa? • Will Lhasa be able to maintain its cultural identity? • Who and what defines the cultural identity of Lhasa? • While planning cities, do these cultural characteristics of a city needs to be taken into account?

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