“The seemingly miraculous concurrence of
numerical values that nature has assigned to
her fundamental constants must remai...
“Science cannot solve the ultimate mystery of
Nature. And it is because in the last analysis
we ourselves are part of the ...
“God never wrought miracles to convince
atheism, because his ordinary works
convince it.” – Francis Bacon
For since the creation of
 the world God’s invisible
    qualities – his eternal
 power and divine nature
– have been clea...
The surprising ways in which the entire
universe seems to be specifically calibrated
to support life in general and human ...
The gravitational field constant is
known to possess the same value at
all places of the universe at all times.
But this i...
So in this sense, the entire universe
does indeed “cater” to the needs of
humanity after all, insofar as it is
permeated w...
A striking feature of
the new cosmological
theories is that even
a small change in the
physical constants
would have resul...
Among the many possible universes, ours
is one of the few in which arbitrary
parameters are right for the existence of
any...
Jeremiah 51:15 He hath made the earth by his
power, he hath established the world by his
wisdom, and hath stretched out th...
“If we could play God, and select
values for nature’s fundamental
constants at a whim by twiddling a set
of knobs, we woul...
“What exactly in nature
sets the values of these
  twenty constants so
       precisely?”
10123
Level of Accuracy: 1 in 10


 Human Genome: 1 in 10243
Two prominent scientists say the alien search
is likely to fail. Drawing on new findings in
astronomy, geology and paleont...
Most everywhere else, the radiation levels are
too high, the right chemical elements too rare
in abundance, the hospitable...
I don’t think there is anything out
there at all except ourselves,” British
paleontologist Simon Conway Morris
told and in...
It is time to “tone down
expectations,” said Dan McClesse, a
Mars program scientist at NASA’s Jet
Propulsion Laboratory…
The discovery of 34 planets orbiting distant
stars is turning out to be frustrating. None
of these could harbour life. The...
Despite the current slump, scientists have
by no means given up hope of finding
extraterrestrial life. Many think it is mo...
I have made the
earth, and created
man upon it: I,
even my hands,
have stretched out
the heavens, and
all their host have ...
If the evolution of
intelligence is so
extremely improbable
that it probably cannot
be found anywhere
else in the entire
v...
But it obviously does exist
   here. Accordingly, there
    almost certainly had to
  have been some type of
    larger Po...
This is why it can be said that the sudden
appearance of these life-supporting
values is tantamount to a miracle. The
emer...
The stupendous degree of fine-tuning that
instantly existed between these
fundamental parameters reveals a
miraculous leve...
If we modify the
  value of one of
 the fundamental
     constants,
     something
  invariably goes
 wrong, leading to
 a...
When we adjust a second constant in an
attempt to fix the problem(s), the result,
generally, is to create three new proble...
We can see how the conditions for our own
existence are dependent upon the values taken by
the constants. At first one mig...
However, this turns out to be too naïve a
view. It becomes apparent that there exist a
number of very unusual coincidences...
Psalm 19
1. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the
   firmament sheweth his handywork.
2. Day unto day uttereth spe...
1.   There must be an adequate supply of the elements which
     comprise our bodies, such as carbon, oxygen, hydrogen,
  ...
If nature is so “clever” it can exploit
mechanisms that amaze us with their
ingenuity, is that not persuasive evidence for...
Though science may be able to explain the
world, we still have to explain science. The laws
which enable the universe to c...
As we survey all the evidence, the thought
insistently arises that some supernatural
agency – or rather, Agency – must be
...
Do we not see in its harmony, a harmony so
perfectly fitted to our needs, evidence of
what one religious writer has called...
“The universe appears to
have been designed by a
pure mathematician.”
 - James Jeans
“The astronomical evidence
leads to a...
“The odds against a
 universe like ours emerging
 out of something like the
 Big Bang are enormous. I
 think there are cle...
Nature has been kinder to us than we had any
right to expect. As we look out into the universe
and identify the many accid...
Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive
glory and honour and power: for thou
hast created all things, and for thy
pleasure the...
3. When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers,
   the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained;
4. What is m...
Our Finely Tuned Universe
Our Finely Tuned Universe
Our Finely Tuned Universe
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Our Finely Tuned Universe

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The existence of the entire universe is governed by fundamental constants which are specifically calibrated to support life in general and human life in particular.

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Our Finely Tuned Universe

  1. 1. “The seemingly miraculous concurrence of numerical values that nature has assigned to her fundamental constants must remain the most compelling evidence for an element of cosmic design.” -- Paul Davies
  2. 2. “Science cannot solve the ultimate mystery of Nature. And it is because in the last analysis we ourselves are part of the mystery we are trying to solve.” – Max Planck
  3. 3. “God never wrought miracles to convince atheism, because his ordinary works convince it.” – Francis Bacon
  4. 4. For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities – his eternal power and divine nature – have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse. -- Romans 1:20
  5. 5. The surprising ways in which the entire universe seems to be specifically calibrated to support life in general and human life in particular.
  6. 6. The gravitational field constant is known to possess the same value at all places of the universe at all times. But this is the very same value that is necessary for the existence of human life, and the same thing can be said for the remainder of nature’s fundamental constants as well. ...
  7. 7. So in this sense, the entire universe does indeed “cater” to the needs of humanity after all, insofar as it is permeated with the very same structural specifications that are necessary for human existence. Michael A. Corey, “The God Hypothesis”, p. 46
  8. 8. A striking feature of the new cosmological theories is that even a small change in the physical constants would have resulted in an uninhabitable universe. ...
  9. 9. Among the many possible universes, ours is one of the few in which arbitrary parameters are right for the existence of anything resembling organic life. Thus Carr and Rees conclude that the possibility of life as we know it “depends on the value of a few basic constants” and is “remarkably sensitive to them.” Ted Peters, “Cosmos as Creation”, p. 130
  10. 10. Jeremiah 51:15 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heaven by his understanding. Isaiah 45:18 For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.
  11. 11. “If we could play God, and select values for nature’s fundamental constants at a whim by twiddling a set of knobs, we would find that almost all knob settings would render the universe uninhabitable.”
  12. 12. “What exactly in nature sets the values of these twenty constants so precisely?”
  13. 13. 10123 Level of Accuracy: 1 in 10 Human Genome: 1 in 10243
  14. 14. Two prominent scientists say the alien search is likely to fail. Drawing on new findings in astronomy, geology and paleontology, the two argue that humans might be alone, at least in the stellar neighbourhood, and perhaps in the entire cosmos. They say modern science is showing that Earth’s composition and stability are extraordinarily rare.
  15. 15. Most everywhere else, the radiation levels are too high, the right chemical elements too rare in abundance, the hospitable planets too few in number. “People say the sun is a typical star,” he said in an interview. “That’s not true.” “Almost all environments in the universe are terrible for life. It’s only garden of Eden places like Earth where it can exist.”
  16. 16. I don’t think there is anything out there at all except ourselves,” British paleontologist Simon Conway Morris told and international conference on the study of extraterrestrial life…
  17. 17. It is time to “tone down expectations,” said Dan McClesse, a Mars program scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory…
  18. 18. The discovery of 34 planets orbiting distant stars is turning out to be frustrating. None of these could harbour life. Their peculiar orbits also make it unlikely that Earthlike planets could form or survive in their neighbourhood…
  19. 19. Despite the current slump, scientists have by no means given up hope of finding extraterrestrial life. Many think it is most likely to consist of one-celled microbes resembling Earthly bacteria.
  20. 20. I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.
  21. 21. If the evolution of intelligence is so extremely improbable that it probably cannot be found anywhere else in the entire visible universe, then by all accounts it shouldn’t exist here either.
  22. 22. But it obviously does exist here. Accordingly, there almost certainly had to have been some type of larger Power at work in the universe that would have enabled us to come into existence in the face of such overwhelming odds to the contrary.
  23. 23. This is why it can be said that the sudden appearance of these life-supporting values is tantamount to a miracle. The emergence of the “right” fundamental parameters is a miracle because such a finely-tuned orchestration toward a highly complex end product is inherently incompatible with random processes.
  24. 24. The stupendous degree of fine-tuning that instantly existed between these fundamental parameters reveals a miraculous level of micro-engineering that is simply inconceivable in the absence of a “supercalculating” Designer. Michael A. Corey, “The God Hypothesis”
  25. 25. If we modify the value of one of the fundamental constants, something invariably goes wrong, leading to a universe that is inhospitable to life as we know it.
  26. 26. When we adjust a second constant in an attempt to fix the problem(s), the result, generally, is to create three new problems for every one that we “solve.” The conditions in our universe really do seem to be uniquely suitable for life forms like ourselves, and perhaps even for any form of organic complexity. Gribbin and Rees, “Cosmic Coincidences”, p. 269
  27. 27. We can see how the conditions for our own existence are dependent upon the values taken by the constants. At first one might imagine that a change in the value of a constant would simply shift the size of everything a little, but that there would still exist stars and atoms. ...
  28. 28. However, this turns out to be too naïve a view. It becomes apparent that there exist a number of very unusual coincidences regarding the values of particular combinations of the constants of Nature which are necessary conditions for our own existence. John D. Barrow, “Theories of Everything”, pp. 94,95
  29. 29. Psalm 19 1. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. 2. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. 3. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. 4. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun
  30. 30. 1. There must be an adequate supply of the elements which comprise our bodies, such as carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, phosphorus, and calcium. 2. There must be little or no risk of contamination by other poisonous chemicals, such as would be found in an atmosphere containing methane or ammonia. 3. The climatic temperature must remain within the narrow range of 5 to 40 degrees Celsius, which is a mere 2% of the temperature range found within the solar system as a whole. 4. A stable supply of free energy must exist, which in our case is provided by the Sun. 5. Gravity must be strong enough to keep the atmosphere from escaping into space, but it must also be weak enough to enable us to move freely about on the Earth’s surface. 6. A protective screen must exist to filter out the Sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays, which in our case is provided by a layer of ozone in the upper atmosphere. 7. A magnetic field must exist in order to prevent cosmic subatomic particles from raining on the Earth.
  31. 31. If nature is so “clever” it can exploit mechanisms that amaze us with their ingenuity, is that not persuasive evidence for the existence of intelligent design behind the physical universe? If the world’s finest minds can unravel only with difficulty the deeper workings of nature, how could it be supposed that those workings are merely a mindless accident, a product of blind chance?
  32. 32. Though science may be able to explain the world, we still have to explain science. The laws which enable the universe to come into being spontaneously seem themselves to be the product of exceedingly ingenious design. If physics is the product of design, the universe must have a purpose, and the evidence of modern physics suggests strongly to me that the purpose includes us. Paul Davies, Superforce, p. 243
  33. 33. As we survey all the evidence, the thought insistently arises that some supernatural agency – or rather, Agency – must be involved. Is it possible that suddenly, without intending to, we have stumbled upon scientific proof of the existence of a Supreme Being? Was it God who stepped in and so providentially crafted the cosmos for our benefit?
  34. 34. Do we not see in its harmony, a harmony so perfectly fitted to our needs, evidence of what one religious writer has called “a preserving, a continuing, an intending mind; a Wisdom, Power, and Goodness far exceeding the limits of our thoughts?” George Greenstein, The Symbiotic Universe, p.27
  35. 35. “The universe appears to have been designed by a pure mathematician.” - James Jeans “The astronomical evidence leads to a biblical view of the origin of the world.” - Robert Jastrow
  36. 36. “The odds against a universe like ours emerging out of something like the Big Bang are enormous. I think there are clearly religious implications.” John Boslough, Stephen Hawking’s Universe, p. 121
  37. 37. Nature has been kinder to us than we had any right to expect. As we look out into the universe and identify the many accidents of physics and astronomy that have worked together to our benefit, it almost seems as if the universe must in some sense have known that we were coming. Freeman Dyson, “Energy in the Universe”
  38. 38. Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created.
  39. 39. 3. When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; 4. What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? 5. For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. 6. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: 7. All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; 8. The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas. 9. O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth!

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