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Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio


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Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio

  1. 1. The Importance of Biotechnology on the Success of Conservation Agriculture in Portugal and in the World Maria Gabriela Cruz
  2. 2. “ My Story” <ul><li>Fourth Generation of Farmers, </li></ul><ul><li>My Father was an Agronomist and my best Teacher, </li></ul><ul><li>The third of 4 daughters, </li></ul><ul><li>All educated to be able to keep the Family Business, </li></ul><ul><li>Studied Agronomy in Lisbon, </li></ul><ul><li>Have been managing the Family Business for 20 years. </li></ul>
  3. 3. ELVAS
  4. 4. The Farm <ul><li>At the same latitude as NYC, </li></ul><ul><li>Climate: Very hot & dry Summers 20 inch max of rain in Winter, </li></ul><ul><li>Cold Soils: very difficult to till, </li></ul><ul><li>Main Crops: Durum Wheat, Barley, Peas, Corn, Sugarbeet. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Potencial Risk of Erosion in Southern Europe Fonte: EEA (1992)
  7. 8. Erosion is responsible for: <ul><li>- Loss on soil fertility (17 ton/ha/year), </li></ul><ul><li>- Loss on water availability, </li></ul><ul><li>- Loss on biodiversity, </li></ul><ul><li>- Water pollution, </li></ul><ul><li>- Air pollution, </li></ul><ul><li>- Dramatic reduction on crop productivity/farmer´s income, </li></ul><ul><li>- Damage in social infrastructures like roads, dams. </li></ul>
  8. 11. What has been on in Europe & Portugal ? <ul><li>Decrease on Cereals prices about 80% in real terms between 1986 and 2006, </li></ul><ul><li>From 2007 to 2008 prices reduced 32%, </li></ul><ul><li>Compensation for Price reduction decreased to 30%, </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer´s income decreased 30% from 1986 to 2006 and 2008. </li></ul>
  9. 12. What has been on in Europe & Portugal ? <ul><li>Some of the imputs like fertilizers doubled price, </li></ul><ul><li>Price of water is expected to increase 40% in 2009, </li></ul><ul><li>32 agrochemicals will be put out of the market – Brussels wants to move to organic farming, </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers are seen as the highest consumers of water </li></ul>
  11. 14. CHANGE TO CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE - CA <ul><li>First contact with CA was 14 years ago while visiting Rawson's Family farm – Michigan, </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1998 No-Till and Strip Till have been practised on the whole farm. </li></ul>
  12. 17. WHAT IS CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE – CA ? <ul><li>Several practices which: </li></ul><ul><li>Cause the least alteration in soil, </li></ul><ul><li>Defend it from damaging processes like erosion, compaction, loss of organic matter, </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance soil productivity and biodiversity, </li></ul>
  13. 18. ECONOMICAL BENEFITS : <ul><li>To the Farmer: </li></ul><ul><li>fuel consumption (up to 80lt/ha/y), </li></ul><ul><li>labour (up to 5h/ha/y), </li></ul><ul><li>expenditure with machinery, </li></ul><ul><li>water & energy consumption, </li></ul><ul><li>soil productivity (up to 34%). </li></ul>
  14. 19. ECONOMICAL BENEFITS : <ul><li>To Society: </li></ul><ul><li>Less expenditure repairing roads, ditches, dams, etc, </li></ul><ul><li>Less expenditure cleaning rivers and water </li></ul><ul><li>Accomplishment of Environment Protection Commitments within Protocols (Quioto) </li></ul>
  15. 21. ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS: <ul><li>Increase on soil fertility, </li></ul><ul><li>Better water quality, </li></ul><ul><li>Better air quality ( CO 2 emission) </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon sink up to 1,4 tons per ha per year climate change mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity preservation. </li></ul>
  16. 23. Problems and how to overcome them <ul><li>Controlling weeds Biotech crops resistant to herbicide ( exº to glyphosate), </li></ul><ul><li>Soil & water pollution concerns Biotech crops resistant to herbicides, insecticide, </li></ul><ul><li>Water scarcity drought resistant crops </li></ul><ul><li>Water pollution concerns Biotech crop more efficent using nitrogen </li></ul>
  17. 24. CA Biotechnology
  18. 25. Because <ul><li>CA is not viable in the long term without Biotech, </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable farming is not possible without CA and Biotech, </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction on cereals imports is not possible without Biotech, </li></ul><ul><li>Living is not possible without Agriculture, </li></ul><ul><li>To be sustainable farming has to be profitable. </li></ul>
  19. 26. “ Land is the only thing is worth working for, fighting for, dying for, because it is the only thing that lasts” in Gone with the Wind