Color harmony


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Color harmony

  1. 1. Color harmony Truong Nguyen
  2. 2. Khái niệm• Hai hoặc nhiều màu được gọi là hài hòa khi chúng tạo được cân bằng thị giác, dễ nhìn cho mắt• Hai hoặc nhiều màu được gọi là tranh chấp khi chúng làm nhiễu thị giác. Truong Nguyen
  3. 3. Lý thuyết chung Truong Nguyen
  4. 4. Lý thuyết chung: Màu sơ cấp, thứ cấp, tam cấpPrimary colors: Basic colors Secondary color: Mixing Tertiary color: Mixing oneRed, Blue, Yellow two primary colors primary color with one secondary color 1 2 3 Truong Nguyen
  5. 5. Lý thuyết chung: Màu nóng, lạnhWarm colors are vivid and energetic, and tend to advance in space.Cool colors give an impression of calm, and create a soothing impression.White, black and gray are considered to be neutral Truong Nguyen
  6. 6. Lý thuyết màu: Tints, Shades, and TonesTints - adding white to a pure hueShades - adding black to a pure hueTones - adding gray to a pure hue: Truong Nguyen
  7. 7. Monochromatic (đơn sắc)Uses variations in lightness and saturation of a single colorUse tints, shades, and tones of the key color to enhance the scheme Truong Nguyen
  8. 8. Analogous (đơn tông)Similar hues. Adjacent to one another on the color wheel.One color is used as a dominant color while others are used to enrich theschemeAvoid using too many hues in the analogous scheme, because this may ruin the harmony Truong Nguyen
  9. 9. Complementary (hệ bù)Two colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel.Looks best when putting a warm color against a cool colorIf you use a warm color (red or yellow) as an accent, you can desaturate the opposite cool colors toput more emphasis on the warm colors.Avoid using desaturated warm colors (e.g. browns or dull yellows) Truong Nguyen
  10. 10. Split complementary (hệ bù đôi)Uses a color and the two colors adjacent to its complementary.Provides high contrast without the strong tension of the complementary schemeUse a single warm color against a range of cool colors to put an emphasis on the warm color (redversus blues and blue-greens, or orange versus blues and blue-violets).Avoid using desaturated warm colors (e.g. browns or dull yellows) Truong Nguyen
  11. 11. Triadic (tam tông) Uses three colors equally spaced around the color wheel. Offers strong visual contrast while retaining balance, and color richnessChoose one color to be used in larger amounts than others.If the colors look gaudy, try to subdue them. Truong Nguyen
  12. 12. Tetradic (double complementary) Uses four colors arranged into two complementary color pairsIf the scheme looks unbalanced, try to subdue one or more colors.Avoid using pure colors in equal amounts. Truong Nguyen
  13. 13. Square The square color scheme is similar to the Triadic, but with all four colors spaced evenly around the color circleWorks best if you let one color be dominant Truong Nguyen