• Do not use contractions such as can’t, I’ll,don’t or abbreviations such as eg.• Do not use slang such as kids, guys or stuff.• Do not make personal comments directly toyour reader, such as I hope you like my essay.
Section Plan for sample Task 2 essayThe introduction State viewpoint: Strongly disagree, technology and tradition are compatible.The body Support this viewpoint: Argument 1: in many countries they live side by side, eg Japan. Argument 2: throughout history, technology has been incorporated into traditional cultures, eg the introduction of tractors. Argument 3: technology can preserve traditional cultures, eg ancient manuscripts, artifacts.The conclusion Re-state viewpoint: Traditional cultures are not necessarily lost through the development of technology.
The issue What should we do about the traffic?The writer expresses her I think we can improve the traffic problem byviewpoint about this issue. improving public transport.She proposes a suggestion. The government should build an undergroundShe draw a conclusion. train system.She puts forward arguments Many people would leave their cars at home andto support her claim. use the train if it were reliable and cheap. Improving public transport is more efficient and better for the environment.She quotes evidence to The government’s own surveys in 2012support her claim. concluded that over 20% of people would use a new train system regularly.She argues against someone I don’t agree with the government that we mustelse’s claims. build roads to solve the traffic problem. More roads will lead to more cars.
Support your opinion with reasons.Support your reasons with examples.
Words in argumentative textsan opinion a fact a viewpoint a stance a positionto argue for to argue against to put forward an argumentto claim to make a claim to support to prove to implyto indicate to showevidence an implicationto conclude to draw a conclusion to come to a conclusion
Example of a balanced argument essayStatement For AgainstSchool uniforms • Uniforms are expensive so • If students wear a uniform,should be abolished not having to buy them saves they won’t pressure theirin all schools money. parents to buy designer/ fashionable clothes that some families can’t afford. • Children can show their • Wearing a uniform can foster individuality. a sense of pride in their school. • Wearing a uniform will • Students will always find a prevent students being way to pass judgment on judged on the way they look. their peers.
Task 2 assessment criteria1. Task Response2. Coherence and Cohesion3. Lexical Resource4. Grammatical Range and Accuracy
Cohesive phrases include wordings like:Because of this, …As this shows, …As can clearly be seen from this example, …It is clear that…Thus, the idea that…To illustrate this, …After analyzing both points of view, …Without a doubt, this causes…
consequently on the other hand because because moreover moreover in the same way in the same way other wise other wiseExpressing contrast Adding further supportbut in additionhowever alsonevertheless furthermoreyetExpressing similarities Expressing conditionslikewise ifsimilarly unless when whetherProviding reasons Stating resultsin order to thusso as not to as a resultso that so
If a person appears to be relatively wealthy, perhapsowning an expensive car, living in a nice house and livinggenerally enjoying a high standard of living, thenmost people would say this person is successful.
Passing exams or completing a coursecan be considered successful activities.
Another type of success can be achievedsimply by doing one’s own particularjob effectively.
Don’t try to translate your ideas from Vietnamese into English!