1
Animal Disease
Traceability (ADT)
April 2014
2
Full Traceability (Pre-harvest)
Birth
Premises
Slaughter
Full Traceability
All Production and Points of Commingling
3
U.S. Traceability Without ADT
- No Official ID -
Slaughter or
Current
Location
“Traceback” from Slaughter
Location(s) Be...
4
U.S. Traceability with ADT - “Bookend-plus” System
Slaughter (or
current location)
Trace Forward from ID
Location
Locati...
9 CFR, Part 86 - Traceability for
Livestock Moving Interstate
General Requirements: Livestock moved
interstate must, unles...
– Tag Distributions
– Tags Applied
6
Key to Successful ADT – Official ID
 Official Identification Records
Timely retrieva...
- Maintain cross-reference
of IDs to carcass through
final inspections
- Bag IDs with specimens
and blood samples
7
Key to...
– ICVIs
o Most valuable when in
electronic media
– Owner/Shipper
Statements and
alternative movement
documents
o Processes...
Challenges and Concerns
9
• Variation in State
requirements
o Buyers express concern
about difficulty of
determining some State
import requirements
...
• Manual recording of official ID numbers
o Rule prohibits applying more than one official
eartag with a different number
...
Challenges and Concerns (Con’t)
12
● Admin of OSS and other movement docs
● Compliance with the regulations
● Completion o...
Current ADT
Implementation
Priorities
13
• Tags distributed direct
to producers
o 37 of 41 reporting States
providing NUES tags
direct to producers
Make Official I...
• Clarify what
devices are
official
Make Official ID Easier (Con’t)
15
• Clarify what
devices are
official
Make Official ID Easier
16
o Provides education/outreach
and qualifies for veterinary
accreditation certification
and renewal
• Working with Iowa Sta...
18
Traceability Performance Measures
• Measure of time to complete specific
actions needed to process a typical trace
o St...
19
Traceability Performance Measures (Con’t)
• States are to complete trace exercises as
part of the ADT cooperative agree...
20
Tag Retirement
Ames project objectives:
• Developing appropriate SOPs for data entry
• Evaluating cost of data collecti...
21
Proposed Rule to Replace 9 CFR 71.20
Approved Livestock Facilities
• Need to update existing regulation –
initially bas...
22
Monitoring and Compliance
23
Monitoring and Compliance
• Initial focus on communication and education
to ensure regulatory requirements understood
•...
Who is responsible?
• APHIS VS is directly responsible for enforcement of the
traceability regulation
– Same as other fede...
25
Monitoring and Compliance (con’t)
• ADT Monitoring and
Compliance
document
- Provides general
guidelines for uniform
en...
26
Monitoring and Compliance (con’t)
• Focus on the key functions/priorities:
– Official ID
– ICVIs
– Collection of identi...
27
Official Identification
• Cattle priority
– Are animals requiring official ID properly
identified
– Are records of tag ...
28
Administration of ICVIs
• Organize process to review ICVIs with State
Animal Health officials
• Properly completed by t...
29
Administration of ICVIs (con’t)
• Properly completed by the accredited
veterinarian (con’t)
– Official identification n...
• Improve Quality of ICVI Data
30
Administration of ICVIs (con’t)
• FSIS requires collecting and linking identification
devices at slaughter
• APHIS included similar requirements in the
tr...
• VS personnel must review compliance with
these requirements.
– All federally-approved slaughter plants are to be visited...
• Initial Evaluation of an Alleged Violation
• Determination of the Seriousness of Alleged
Violations and Subsequent Enfor...
• Continue to inform stakeholder of the
regulatory requirements
• Initiate formal actions when appropriate
• Focus investi...
Questions?
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Dr. Neil Hammerschmidt - USDA Update on Implementation of ADT

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USDA Update on Implementation of ADT - Dr. Neil Hammerschmidt, USDA, from the 2014 NIAA Annual Conference titled 'The Precautionary Principle: How Agriculture Will Thrive', March 31 - April 2, 2014, Omaha, NE, USA.

More presentations at http://www.trufflemedia.com/agmedia/conference/2014_niaa_how_animal_agriculture_will_thrive

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Dr. Neil Hammerschmidt - USDA Update on Implementation of ADT

  1. 1. 1 Animal Disease Traceability (ADT) April 2014
  2. 2. 2 Full Traceability (Pre-harvest) Birth Premises Slaughter Full Traceability All Production and Points of Commingling
  3. 3. 3 U.S. Traceability Without ADT - No Official ID - Slaughter or Current Location “Traceback” from Slaughter Location(s) Before Slaughter
  4. 4. 4 U.S. Traceability with ADT - “Bookend-plus” System Slaughter (or current location) Trace Forward from ID Location Location Officially ID’d Interstate Movements Traceback from Slaughter Location Before Slaughter
  5. 5. 9 CFR, Part 86 - Traceability for Livestock Moving Interstate General Requirements: Livestock moved interstate must, unless otherwise exempt: Be Officially Identified Have ICVI or Other Documentation
  6. 6. – Tag Distributions – Tags Applied 6 Key to Successful ADT – Official ID  Official Identification Records Timely retrieval of complete and accurate information
  7. 7. - Maintain cross-reference of IDs to carcass through final inspections - Bag IDs with specimens and blood samples 7 Key to Successful ADT – Collection of ID at Slaughter • Collection of ID at Slaughter IDs must be cross-referenced to carcass
  8. 8. – ICVIs o Most valuable when in electronic media – Owner/Shipper Statements and alternative movement documents o Processes vary – some aspects are not well established 8 Key to Successful ADT- Movement Records  Interstate Movement Records Timely retrieval of complete and accurate information
  9. 9. Challenges and Concerns 9
  10. 10. • Variation in State requirements o Buyers express concern about difficulty of determining some State import requirements o USAHA Resolution requested “portal” to provide clear, easy to interpret State import regulations Challenges and Concerns 10
  11. 11. • Manual recording of official ID numbers o Rule prohibits applying more than one official eartag with a different number o Animals need to be restrained to read and record official ID number • Owner-shipper statements (OSS) o Need to determine most effective ways to administer OSS Challenges and Concerns (Con’t) 11
  12. 12. Challenges and Concerns (Con’t) 12 ● Admin of OSS and other movement docs ● Compliance with the regulations ● Completion of test exercises to establish national traceability baseline values o Limited resources
  13. 13. Current ADT Implementation Priorities 13
  14. 14. • Tags distributed direct to producers o 37 of 41 reporting States providing NUES tags direct to producers Make Official ID Easier 14 ● Tagging sites o 34 of 41 reporting States using tagging sites ● 19 tag makers – 67 official eartag options
  15. 15. • Clarify what devices are official Make Official ID Easier (Con’t) 15
  16. 16. • Clarify what devices are official Make Official ID Easier 16
  17. 17. o Provides education/outreach and qualifies for veterinary accreditation certification and renewal • Working with Iowa State University • Goal to have this completed this fiscal year 17 Training for Accredited Veterinarians • NVAP Accredited Veterinarian Training Module for ADT
  18. 18. 18 Traceability Performance Measures • Measure of time to complete specific actions needed to process a typical trace o State that received tag o Producer that received tag o From which State animal shipped o From which premises animal shipped – #1 and #2 tracked through tag distribution/tags applied records – #3 and # 4 tracked through interstate movement documentation
  19. 19. 19 Traceability Performance Measures (Con’t) • States are to complete trace exercises as part of the ADT cooperative agreements • National baseline values for each activity to be calculated in June 2014 • Measuring the same activity over time will reflect if progress is being made o Will we be able to determine where animals tagged more quickly?
  20. 20. 20 Tag Retirement Ames project objectives: • Developing appropriate SOPs for data entry • Evaluating cost of data collection • Evaluating data entry technology products Status: • Start date goal: May 1, 2014 • 1-year duration
  21. 21. 21 Proposed Rule to Replace 9 CFR 71.20 Approved Livestock Facilities • Need to update existing regulation – initially based on brucellosis and TB program activities • Traceability regulations references “Approved Livestock Facility” for specific exemptions
  22. 22. 22 Monitoring and Compliance
  23. 23. 23 Monitoring and Compliance • Initial focus on communication and education to ensure regulatory requirements understood • Will now introduce penalties for repeat violators
  24. 24. Who is responsible? • APHIS VS is directly responsible for enforcement of the traceability regulation – Same as other federal regulations • Each district needs to cover key aspects of the regulation – Uniform approach State support and cooperation • Partnership ideal • Acknowledge opportunities vary from one state to another 24 Monitoring and Compliance (con’t)
  25. 25. 25 Monitoring and Compliance (con’t) • ADT Monitoring and Compliance document - Provides general guidelines for uniform enforcement practices - Key reference for VS resources - Transparency
  26. 26. 26 Monitoring and Compliance (con’t) • Focus on the key functions/priorities: – Official ID – ICVIs – Collection of identification • Less emphasis: – Areas with less return to traceability – “Gray” areas • Issues still being worked out; e.g., owner-shipper statements
  27. 27. 27 Official Identification • Cattle priority – Are animals requiring official ID properly identified – Are records of tag distribution maintained and/or reported • Randomly check
  28. 28. 28 Administration of ICVIs • Organize process to review ICVIs with State Animal Health officials • Properly completed by the accredited veterinarian – Species – Number of animals – Purpose the animals are to be moved – Address animals shipped from – Address where the animals are destined. – Names of the consignor and the consignee
  29. 29. 29 Administration of ICVIs (con’t) • Properly completed by the accredited veterinarian (con’t) – Official identification number of each animal, unless the species-specific requirements for ICVIs provide an exception: • If official ID not required, the ICVI must state the exemption that applies. • If official ID numbers do not have to be recorded, must state that all animals are officially identified. • Coordinate oversight with the State Animal Health Official
  30. 30. • Improve Quality of ICVI Data 30 Administration of ICVIs (con’t)
  31. 31. • FSIS requires collecting and linking identification devices at slaughter • APHIS included similar requirements in the traceability rule. • Slaughter plant responsible Collection of ID at Slaughter 31 All man-made identification devices affixed to covered livestock unloaded at slaughter plants after moving interstate must be removed at the slaughter facility with the devices correlated with the animal and its carcass through final inspection or condemnation by means approved by [FSIS]. If diagnostic samples are taken, the identification devices must be packaged with the samples and be correlated with the carcasses through final inspection or condemnation by means approved by FSIS. When no samples are taken, the identification devices are to be made available to APHIS after the carcass passes inspection.
  32. 32. • VS personnel must review compliance with these requirements. – All federally-approved slaughter plants are to be visited quarterly (at a minimum) by VS personnel who will observe and report compliance with slaughter collection requirements. – The ADT Monitoring and Compliance document provides a checklist for VS staff to use during site visits. Collection of ID at Slaughter 32
  33. 33. • Initial Evaluation of an Alleged Violation • Determination of the Seriousness of Alleged Violations and Subsequent Enforcement and Compliance Action • Initial Evaluation of an Alleged Violation • Enforcement and Compliance Actions *See pages 11-14 in the compliance document 33 Overview and Guidelines for Noncompliance
  34. 34. • Continue to inform stakeholder of the regulatory requirements • Initiate formal actions when appropriate • Focus investigations on priorities – Official ID – ICVIs – Collection of ID at slaughter • Repeated violations Compliance Summary
  35. 35. Questions?

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