US Pork International Trade
Becca Hendricks, AVP International Marketing, National Pork Board
Why Do We Export?
It’s a Big World
• 96% of the world’s population lives outside of the US
• Pork is the world’s most consumed animal protei...
What Do We Export?
International Primal Cut Utilization
International Variety Meat Utilization
Where Do We Export?
2013 Year-end Exports
• Sold to over 100 countries
• $6.05 B, ↓4% from 2012
• 4.73 B lbs, ↓5% from 2012
• Challenges:
– Hi...
Top Export Markets: Q1 2014
Mexico ↑22%
Japan ↑11%
China/HK ↑9%
Canada ↓18%
Korea ↑15%
C/S Am ↑36%
ASEAN ↑52%
Oceania ↑11%...
How Does the Industry
Work Together?
Industry Partners in Trade
• National Pork Board
• National Pork Producers Council
• US Meat Export Federation
• State Por...
CI #2: Enhanced Demand
0
150,000
450,000
750,000
1,050,000
1,350,000
1,650,000
1,950,000
2,250,000
Metric Tons
Canada FTA
...
Dermot Hayes
Pioneer Chair in Agribusiness
Iowa State University
 The importance of trade
 Recent export data
 Trends in key countries
 Reasons to be optimistic about export growth
 ...
 Suppose Iowa closed its borders to all agricultural
trade, think of what life would be like
 Now assume 100 year passes...
 OPEN to Trade
 USA
 Canada
 EU
 Singapore
 Australia/New Zealand
 Chile
 Colombia
 Central America
 Closed to T...
US Pork & Pork Product Exports
Calendar Year: 2011 - 2013
Partner Country Unit
Quantity % Change
2011 2012 2013 2013/2012
...
US Pork & Pork Product Exports
Calendar Year: 2011 - 2013
Partner Country
United States Dollars % Change
2011 2012 2013 20...
 The US exports 24% to 27% of pork production
 Iowa produces about one third of US slaughter
hogs, this equates to $2 bi...
US Pork & Pork Product Exports
Year To Date: January - March
Partner Country Unit
Quantity % Change
2012 2013 2014 2014/20...
 US pork production could fall by 4%-6% this year due to
PED, this has increased pork prices and will cause US
consumers ...
 Mexico: economic prosperity allowing for an
improved diet, pork imports up, domestic pork
production stable
 Japan: agi...
 South Korea: imports growing again after FMD
disruption (lessons learned)
 Australia: FTA access for corked pork only
s...
From INTERPIG, a Detailed
Benchmarking Study
 Aggressive, ambitious negotiations between Australia,
Brunei, Chile, Canada, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New
Zealand, Peru,...
 Suggested as a way to stimulate the economies of
the EU and US
 General willingness to reduce duties
 EU is intransige...
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade
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Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade

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World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade - Dr. Dermot Hayes, Iowa State University, from the 2014 World Pork Expo, June 4 - 6, 2014, Des Moines, IA, USA.

More presentations at http://www.swinecast.com/2014-world-pork-expo

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Dr. Dermot Hayes - World Market Economics and the Importance of Trade

  1. 1. US Pork International Trade Becca Hendricks, AVP International Marketing, National Pork Board
  2. 2. Why Do We Export?
  3. 3. It’s a Big World • 96% of the world’s population lives outside of the US • Pork is the world’s most consumed animal protein • US and EU compete as largest global exporters • 26% of U.S. production • We export a lot of products we don’t typically consume
  4. 4. What Do We Export?
  5. 5. International Primal Cut Utilization
  6. 6. International Variety Meat Utilization
  7. 7. Where Do We Export?
  8. 8. 2013 Year-end Exports • Sold to over 100 countries • $6.05 B, ↓4% from 2012 • 4.73 B lbs, ↓5% from 2012 • Challenges: – High supplies in importing countries – Trade access and barriers – Strong competition – Strong dollar Source: USDA statistics
  9. 9. Top Export Markets: Q1 2014 Mexico ↑22% Japan ↑11% China/HK ↑9% Canada ↓18% Korea ↑15% C/S Am ↑36% ASEAN ↑52% Oceania ↑11% Japan ↓1% Mexico ↑36% China/HK ↑19% Canada ↓6% Korea ↑21% C/S Am ↑41% Oceania ↑17% ASEAN ↑51% Volume Value Source: USDA statistics compiled by USMEF, compared to 2013 • Record-high prices…yet: – $1.649 B, ↑11% – 1.286 B lbs, ↑11% – March ↑29% • Value=$69.93/head • 31.5% of production
  10. 10. How Does the Industry Work Together?
  11. 11. Industry Partners in Trade • National Pork Board • National Pork Producers Council • US Meat Export Federation • State Pork Associations • State Soy and Corn Associations
  12. 12. CI #2: Enhanced Demand 0 150,000 450,000 750,000 1,050,000 1,350,000 1,650,000 1,950,000 2,250,000 Metric Tons Canada FTA NAFTA (Mexico) WTO Uruguay Round (Japan & South Korea) U.S.-Taiwan Pork Deal China WTO Accession Russia Pork TRQs Australia FTA DR -CAFTA U.S. -Korea U.S. -Colombia U.S. -Panama Impact of Free Trade Agreements
  13. 13. Dermot Hayes Pioneer Chair in Agribusiness Iowa State University
  14. 14.  The importance of trade  Recent export data  Trends in key countries  Reasons to be optimistic about export growth  A few slides about China  Ongoing free trade agreements with Japan and the EU
  15. 15.  Suppose Iowa closed its borders to all agricultural trade, think of what life would be like  Now assume 100 year passes, will voters want to open the borders?  A giant sucking sound as labor intensive jobs in tropical plants, cotton and fruits leaves the state  The job of the economist is to show that Iowa would be better off allowing free trade with other states, this can be an unpopular position
  16. 16.  OPEN to Trade  USA  Canada  EU  Singapore  Australia/New Zealand  Chile  Colombia  Central America  Closed to Trade  Cuba  North Korea  Argentina  Venezuela  Bolivia  Russia
  17. 17. US Pork & Pork Product Exports Calendar Year: 2011 - 2013 Partner Country Unit Quantity % Change 2011 2012 2013 2013/2012 World T 2328492 2335981 2228051 - 4.62 Mexico T 579793 639808 669762 4.68 China/Hong Kong T 497119 442979 433253 - 5.57 Japan T 493721 457270 428091 - 6.38 Canada T 205221 236310 227909 - 3.55 Korea South T 190237 154278 102017 - 33.87 Australia T 64963 68272 54135 - 20.71 Philippines T 42458 42125 53804 27.73 Colombia T 11422 19740 34872 76.65 Chile T 13146 17569 25523 45.27 Honduras T 19547 20218 22495 11.27 Dominican Republic T 13950 15743 18850 19.73 Taiwan T 27130 18097 18566 2.59 Singapore T 10370 8777 17391 98.14 Ukraine T 4087 2428 14663 503.79 Panama T 5808 8474 13544 59.83 Guatemala T 10433 13094 10655 - 18.62 New Zealand T 6422 8991 8434 - 6.19 Russia T 70287 94235 5805 - 93.84 Peru T 1423 2284 5517 141.54
  18. 18. US Pork & Pork Product Exports Calendar Year: 2011 - 2013 Partner Country United States Dollars % Change 2011 2012 2013 2013/2012 World 6279866448 6518892092 6287790163 - 3.55 Japan 1964591503 1990556038 1895989331 - 4.75 Mexico 1108418756 1203807900 1319305460 9.59 China/Hong Kong 964500987 933847017 965811090 0.26 Canada 742063097 862221265 848736452 - 1.56 Korea South 501918336 431999404 284166096 - 34.22 Australia 209448922 214069401 180817410 - 15.53 Philippines 97347444 94657874 119252750 25.98 Colombia 29003994 54177245 89947897 66.03 Chile 29434779 44164402 65795572 48.98 Honduras 47523431 46636302 52786591 13.19 Singapore 27934681 26410772 45209729 71.18 Dominican Republic 33497372 36129253 43730100 21.04 Ukraine 10584418 5129141 42060352 720.03 Taiwan 54280522 41466718 41916098 1.08 Panama 13538707 18858881 29860338 58.34 Guatemala 24109785 29220493 27779715 - 4.93 New Zealand 20045899 26726199 25142798 - 5.92 Russia 219033732 271281812 18094013 - 93.33 Netherlands 12030688 16265529 17848695 9.73 Costa Rica 6552518 8119644 14065419 73.23 Bahamas 14106786 12313821 12799478 3.94 Peru 2840184 5117160 12082527 136.12
  19. 19.  The US exports 24% to 27% of pork production  Iowa produces about one third of US slaughter hogs, this equates to $2 billion in pork exports or $666 for every person in the state  When we lost the Russia and Chinese markets in March of 2013 the price of hogs fell by almost $20 per animal
  20. 20. US Pork & Pork Product Exports Year To Date: January - March Partner Country Unit Quantity % Change 2012 2013 2014 2014/2013 World T 616173 547861 603579 10.17 Mexico T 171966 146066 178746 22.37 Japan T 123083 109006 121068 11.07 China/Hong Kong T 118941 109158 116228 13.47 Canada T 55977 58280 48027 - 17.59 Korea South T 54673 35671 40814 14.42 Australia T 19794 16969 19279 13.61 Colombia T 3404 5396 14411 167.08 Philippines T 8597 13314 11968 - 10.11 Singapore T 1794 1882 10566 461.45 Chile T 5088 5264 5260 - 0.07 Dominican Republic T 3559 3809 4490 17.89 Honduras T 5355 5085 4061 - 20.15 Taiwan T 6374 5617 3906 - 30.45 Guatemala T 3085 1955 2730 39.61 New Zealand T 1978 2586 2249 - 13.04 Peru T 264 618 2013 225.89 Costa Rica T 350 837 1805 115.54 Panama T 1578 3549 1551 - 56.29 Ukraine T 504 2787 1322 - 52.57 Trinidad & Tobago T 1537 989 1260 27.42 El Salvador T 585 561 1180 110.44
  21. 21.  US pork production could fall by 4%-6% this year due to PED, this has increased pork prices and will cause US consumers to buy less pork and more chicken  Japan, Mexico, Korea, Canada, Colombia and several other countries also have PED, this will increase their import demand  The EU has a surplus of pork available for export because Russia has banned imports due to CSF  Many of our export customers buy products that are not popular in the US and this demand is not price sensitive  Best guess: exports will be 4% to 6% lower than would otherwise have been the case
  22. 22.  Mexico: economic prosperity allowing for an improved diet, pork imports up, domestic pork production stable  Japan: aging population and domestic supports mean stagnant imports, we are losing market share to Mexico and Chile  China/Hong Kong: unbelievable potential, could allow the US to double pork production, recent sales of US chilled pork is a huge story  Canada: MCOOL reduced the flow of Canadian pigs into the US and of US pork into Canada
  23. 23.  South Korea: imports growing again after FMD disruption (lessons learned)  Australia: FTA access for corked pork only successful domestic campaign against imports  New Zealand: recent success may be limited by FSIS interpretation  Colombia: a text book success story for both countries  Also for DR, Honduras, Guatemala, Costa Rica Panama, El Salvador, Peru
  24. 24. From INTERPIG, a Detailed Benchmarking Study
  25. 25.  Aggressive, ambitious negotiations between Australia, Brunei, Chile, Canada, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States, and Vietnam  Bilateral talks between Japan and the US over agriculture (Abe, Obama)  Japan is also negotiating FTAs with Canada, EU and Australia  Wall Street Journal reported a 10 year phase-in to a $0.22/lb import duty on pork with funds to be used to support Japanese pork producers  Huge decision for US pork industry
  26. 26.  Suggested as a way to stimulate the economies of the EU and US  General willingness to reduce duties  EU is intransigent on non-tariff barriers such as anti-GMO and anti-growth promotants  EU consumers have lost faith in regulatory science because of past failures  Enormous US export opportunity for processed pork if the deal goes through

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